9 潔西大小事

【潔西家】從頭學文法之十三:可數名詞與不可數名詞

可數不可數就很多人來說就是跟動詞時態一樣,動詞時態的動詞都用原型,可數不可數就是名詞通通用單數,不加 a, an, the, this, my 等冠詞,後面也不加 s,溝通來講說實在,少了 s ,少了 the 其實都不會影響理解,但是,但是,假如想要好好的學好文法,說出正確的句子,名詞究竟是可數不可數還是要弄清楚喔。其實影片一定比較清楚,用說的,比看的。沒時間的話其實可以用聽的,我很多時候都是用聽的。點閱率說實在有時候自己看了都沒有繼續錄下去的勇氣。

可能我都說太長了,影片好像都沒什麼人看,就現實面來看今年部落格跟影片連一塊錢都沒領到,哈哈。瀏覽率太低了。不過還是會繼續做啦,對語言真的是很有興趣,就當作社會責任?回饋社會潔西所能做的實在很有限,比方有人說什麼到鄉下去免費教學生之類的,我沒辦法啦,身體沒有很好,而且還要養活自己,年紀大了沒人養的那筆存款現在都不知道在哪裡。雖然沒有想活到很老,但是有些事情也不是自己能決定的。我家老媽走的時候只有53歲,我老爸今年81歲。將近30年的差別。我也不知道我會是哪一個啊?30年是個好恐怖的數字喔

今天頭痛翹日文課,明天要起床去上課啦,不然三,四都有課不能上,雖然學費不貴,也是不要浪費錢。不知道為什麼有點淡淡的哀愁,談錢傷感情,哈哈哈。或許我應該來去買彩卷,上期發票都沒中,嗚嗚,應該是沒有什麼偏財運啊!振作加油!晚安!

去日本回來時本來想買送給學生,但是後來想想,好像太孩子氣了,所以還是自己吃了。吃起來的味道,恩,台灣好像全家有類似的小叮噹蛋糕,味道很像,比較濃郁一點的雞蛋糕的味道,不過這一盒有小叮噹,小叮鈴,宜靜,大雄,技安,阿福。啊,現在好像叫做不同的名字了,多啦A夢?看了肚子小餓,哈哈,睡覺去!

IMG_8802

 

 

 

可數與不可數名詞Count and Noncount Nouns     countable / uncountable nouns

可數名詞:顧名思義就是可以數有幾個數量。

單數:只有一個的時候稱做單數,前面一定要加冠詞如 a, the, this, my等。複數:兩個以上時叫做複數。複數的字尾多半要加s。複數時可以加數量詞如two, three等,也可以用some, a lot of 或many。

不可數名詞:可能是液體、氣體、粒狀、粉狀或抽象概念等名詞,難以一一計算。單數:不可數名詞永遠是單數表達方式,但前面不可以加a或其他數量詞。不可數名詞不會有複數表達,所以後面不可以加s。

clothes, cloth

不可數名詞

    種類

  1. A.一些相似的物件的總稱。如:furniture, baggage, luggage, food, fruit,      clothing, garbage, junk, equipment, machinery, jewelry, mail, money, traffic
  2. B.液體:water, coffee, tea, milk, soup, juice, beer, oil, gasoline, blood
  3. C.固體:ice, bread, butter, cheese, meat, glass, paper, wood, wool
  4. D.氣體:air, oxygen, carbon dioxide, smoke, pollution, smog
  5. E.粒狀,粉狀物(particles):rice, corn, flour, salt, sand, sugar
  6. F.抽象概念:love, beauty, confidence, health, education, knowledge, music, advice, information, time, space, progress, peace, sleep, help
  7. G.大自然現象:weather, rain, snow, thunder, lightning, sunshine, fire, heat

   

表達數量的方法:某些不可數名詞可以在前面加上計量單位來數。

 a bottle of water, a piece of furniture, a loaf of bread

water: a glass of water, a bottle of water

milk: a carton of milk, two cartons of milk

Where is the cat?

Where are the cats?

Where is the rice?

 

The cat is cute.

The cats are cute.

The rice is yummy.

 

She has some bread.

She has some books.

Her hair is long.

 

How much is the book?

How much are the books?

How much is the coffee?

 

Can I have a coffee, please?

Two coffees, please.

Coffee is expensive.

 

A cherry is expensive. (X)

Cherries are expensive.

 

練習題

1 There ______________________ eraser in my pencil box.

2 There ______________________ milk in the fridge.

3 There ______________________ eggs in the fridge.

4 There ______________________ women in the room.

5 That man ________________ doctor.

6 Those children ___________ playing in the park.

7 There _____________________ sugar in this coffee.

8 That __________________ expensive watch.

 

 

 

 

 

答案

1 There ____is___an_______________ eraser in my pencil box.

2 There _______is_______________ milk in the fridge.

3 There ______are________________ eggs in the fridge.

4 There ______are________________ women in the room.

5 That man _____is a___________ doctor.

6 Those children ___are________ playing in the park.

7 There _______is______________ sugar in this coffee.

8 That _____is an_____________ expensive watch.

 

其他

There is a printer on my desk.

There is a lot of medicine in my drawer.

There is a desktop computer and two laptop computers on my desk.

There is some butter in my fridge.

There are noodles in my fridge.

There is some pasta on the shelf.

 

廣告

發表迴響

在下方填入你的資料或按右方圖示以社群網站登入:

WordPress.com 標誌

您的留言將使用 WordPress.com 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Google photo

您的留言將使用 Google 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Twitter picture

您的留言將使用 Twitter 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Facebook照片

您的留言將使用 Facebook 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

連結到 %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.