9 潔西大小事

【潔西家】從頭學文法之八:五大句型+吃到飽餐廳

嘗試新的東西,因為被同學問到,我也一直在想說怎麼樣才能幫助同學把英文學好。想了很多不同的事,想做的很多,不過時間有限,再加上潔西是個很混的人。所以呢,就一直試囉。今天是試著翻譯自己寫的內容,不小心就寫太多了。翻譯的理由是在想說怎麼樣講/寫長的句子,也就是不只是簡單句,有比較複雜的名詞子句,形容詞子句跟副詞子句。不少人都只會講簡單句,那要怎麼學複雜一點的句子呢?我覺得句型很重要。因為我發現我在寫的時候也沒有刻意要寫什麼句型,但是看到句子表達的方式就會自然用子句來寫,因為比較容易表達想說的東西。應該是說在我的大腦應該是有英文句子該有的樣子,所以我自己看著中文的時候我就會把它翻譯套進去我知道的英文的句型。這樣說不知道大家是否能夠理解呢?我的英文寫蠻快的因為現在半夜一點半,我該睡覺了!明天要來挑戰用英文寫文再翻成中文。其實我原本是每天想寫一點日文句子的。

毎日 少し 日本語 練習します

ちょど難しい .  (正確為 ちょっと難しい) 謝謝網友指正

また 明日

 

關於吃到飽我想說的是

前幾天跟大小寶看完海賊展後去吃必勝客的吃到飽。限時九十分鐘,吃到約一個小時後,大寶說,我還吃得下,但是不想吃太飽。我就跟大寶說,那就不要吃了。

回家的路上就想到吃到飽的餐廳在蠻多台灣人的觀念好像沒吃到撐就是浪費,就是虧到。記得我小食量的媽媽從前去吃吃到飽的時候都說她去吃是浪費,因為只能吃一點點。我真的不曉得為什麼台灣人對於吃到飽的想法會變成這樣。

就我而言,吃到飽是個可以讓我吃到很多種不同食物的地方,所以我從來不會去強迫自己一定要吃很多。但是有時候真的是美味的東西太多了就會忍不住多吃到一整個飽滋滋。

通常我去吃到飽餐廳,我會先巡一回,看看有什麼選擇,拿了盤子後看到想吃的就夾一點,所以我的盤子通常是各種東西一點。吃完一盤後我會再去吃新的東西,順便多夾一點剛剛覺得好吃的東西。通常我會很快就跳到甜點或冰淇淋,因為看到就想吃,然後再跳回主菜,怪怪的潔西。

吃過最棒的吃到飽餐廳是在印尼的飯店,食材新鮮,有各國料理,前面都有主廚在現場做料理。中式料理有師傅在當場做麵條。義大利麵可以自己挑食材,師傅現做。我印象深刻是泰式料理,我在那邊一直看,看起來都很好吃,但吃不太下了,師傅不知道是太閒還是怎樣,一直推薦我嘗試,最後還幫我做了個小份的。一堆陳列美麗的製作精巧的甜點,真希望像牛一樣有四個胃啊。那天就吃得超飽。

想念那樣的自助餐。話說台灣也有類似的,但是都好貴,嗚嗚。別想太多,我要減肥啊!

What I want to say about buffet restaurants

After going to One Piece exhibition, my nephew, niece, and I went to Pizza Hut for its buffet. The time limit is 90minutes. After an hour of eating, my nephew said he could still eat, but he didn’t want to stuff himself. I told him not to eat anymore.

On my way home, I was thinking why in Taiwan quite a lot of people think if you don’t stuff yourself in an all-you-can-eat restaurant, you waste your money. I remember my mom used to say she wastes her money every time she went to a buffet restaurant because she could only eat a little bit. I really don’t know why people in Taiwan have this kind of concept about buffet restaurants.

For me, a buffet restaurant is a place where I can try many different kinds of food, so I never force myself to eat a lot. However, sometimes when there was so much delicious food, and I just couldn’t help stuffing myself.

When I go to a buffet restaurant, I usually take a look of the food to see what my choices are. Then I’ll get a plate and pick up a few things I’m interested in. Therefore, there are usually a small amount of different food on my plate. After the first plate, I will go try new things, and add some more of the food I just tasted and liked. I often jump into getting dessert or ice cream because I feel like eating them when I see them. Then I will come back to the entree. How strange I am.

The best buffet restaurant I have ever been to is a restaurant in a five-star hotel in Indonesia. The food was fresh, and there were dishes from different countries. The chefs cooked right in front of you. I remember seeing Chinese chef making noodles. You could choose your own ingredients and the Italian chef would cook for you. What impressed me most is Thai food. I was looking at different dishes wondering what to eat. Everything looked great, but I had already eaten a lot. I wasn’t sure the chef was bore or what. He recommended trying some made a small portion for me. There were a lot of delicate desserts. At that time I really wished I had four stomachs just like a cow. I ate so much that day.

I miss that kind of buffet restaurant. Of course we have something like that in Taiwan, but they’re so expensive. Sigh. I shouldn’t think about buffet restaurants too much. I need to lose weight!

翻得勉勉強強,寫完再看一次又改了一些地方,時態有時候會漏掉。我儘量按照我知道是對的文法寫。這每天一篇會死人,哈哈。先睡死去。晚安!

 

 

五大基本句型(Basic Sentence Patterns) 

英文有五個基本句型,但是這些句型會加上其他的詞性或子句而形成不同的句型。先記住基本的句型概念,在解讀句子跟選擇詞性方面都會比較容易。也比較容易寫出正確的句子。就像蓋房子,先打好地基,再把房子一層層往上蓋會比較容易。

 

1 S + V (主詞 + 不及物動詞)   I : intransitive verb

因為不及物動詞後不須加受詞,所以只要有主詞與不及物動詞就可以表達一個完整的句子。但是英文句子一般不會只有兩個字,而會加上修飾語來修飾。

Peter shaves every morning.

The children are dancing happily.

 

2 S + V + O (主詞 + 及物動詞 + 直接受詞)   T: transitive verb

及物動詞後要有接受動作的對象,所以一定要加受詞。受詞可以是人也可以是物。

Andrew calls his girlfriend every day.

My mother cleans the house twice a week.

 

3 S + V + SC (主詞 + 連綴動詞 + 主詞補語)   L : linking verb

連綴動詞是連接主詞語主詞補語的橋樑。補語主要是用來補充說明。主詞補語可為名詞或形容詞,用來說明或描述主詞。

Nancy is a housewife.

The boy became angry.

 

4 S + Vt + IO + DO = S + Vt + DO + Preposition + IO

    (主詞 + 及物動詞 + 間接受詞 + 直接受詞

     主詞 + 及物動詞 + 直接受詞 + 介係詞 + 間接受詞)

有些及物動詞比較特殊,這些動詞又叫授與動詞。授與動詞有兩個受詞,一個為間接受詞,多為人,另一個為直接受詞,多為物。當動詞後先接直接受詞時要加上介係詞才再加上間接受詞。

授與動詞加 to :send, give, bring, lend, offer, pass, read, sell, show, teach, tell, write

授與動詞加 for : buy, make, cook, draw, find, get, order, save, leave, pick

    The secretary made the boss a cup of coffee.

= The secretary made a cup of coffee for the boss.

 

     Kenny bought his wife a diamond ring.

= Kenny bought a diamond ring for his wife.

 

    Tom sent me a message.

= Tom sent a message to me.

 

5 S + V + O + OC  (主詞 + 及物動詞 + 受詞 + 受詞補語)

少數的特殊及物動詞後即使加了受詞,語意還是不完整所以還要再加上受詞補語來讓語意完整。受詞補語可以是名詞或形容詞。這些特殊動詞不多,常用的記住就可以了。如:elect, vote, appoint, consider, label, designate, name, prove, declare, think, call, believe, pronounce…等。

The voters elected Donald Trump president.

The students considered the class interesting.

 

主詞+(不及物)動詞

主詞+(及物)動詞+受詞

主詞+(連綴)動詞+主詞補語

主詞+(授與)動詞+間接受詞+直接受詞

主詞+(及物)動詞+受詞+受詞補語

 

五大基本句型(Basic Sentence Patterns) 

Examples

1. S + V                 Time flies.

2. S + V + O            I love you.

3. S + V + SC          You are late.

4. S + V + IO + DO   He wrote her a letter.

5. S + V + O + OC    We elected Tom class leader.

 

將下列句子翻譯成英文,並將句子的主詞、動詞、受詞、補語等標出, 並決定該句子為五大句型中的哪一個句型。

一 咖啡聞起來很香。 

二 小寶寶正在哭。 

三 我媽媽每天做菜給我們的家人吃。  

四 時間就是金錢。 

五 時光飛逝。 

六 他每天寫情書給他的女友。 

七 法官證明(prove)了那個女人的無辜(innocent)。 

八 她在海邊(seashore)賣貝殼(seashell)  

九 我弟弟買了一條項鍊(necklace)給我媽。 

十 他感到他的心跳得很快。 

 

決定下面是那個句型

I am his sister.

I didn’t know you had a brother.

We have a table for seven at 6:30.

I’m sorry.

I’ve forgotten your name.

She’s going to the gym tonight.

You look familiar.

I’m waiting for the bus.

I work in the human resource department.

 

 

 

答案:

一 咖啡聞起來很香。3

The coffee smells good. / The coffee tastes good.

          S      V      SC

二 小寶寶正在哭。1

The baby is crying.

      S           V

三 我媽媽每天做菜給我們的家人吃。 4

My mom cooks dinner for our family every day.

    S        V       O1            O2

四 時間就是金錢。3

Time is money.

  S    V  SC

五 時光飛逝。1

Time flies.

  S   V

六 他每天寫情書給他的女友。4

He writes a love letter to his girlfriend every day.

S     V           O1                 O2

七 法官證明(prove)了那個女人的無辜(innocent)。5

The judge proved the woman innocent.

     S         V            O         OC

八 她在海邊(seashore)賣貝殼(seashell) 2

She sells seashells on the seashore.

  S    V      O

九 我弟弟買了一條項鍊(necklace)給我媽。4

My brother bought a necklace for my mom.

      S           V         O1              O2

十 他感到他的心跳得很快。5

He felt his heart beating fast.

S   V        O         OC

 

 

 

3 I am his sister.

2 I didn’t know you had a brother.

2 We have a table for seven at 6:30.

3 I’m sorry.

2 I’ve forgotten your name.

1 She’s going to the gym tonight.

3 You look familiar.

1 I’m waiting for the bus.

1 I work in the human resource department.

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