9 潔西大小事

【潔西家】從頭學文法七:八大詞性之七連接詞與八感嘆詞

好多事要做的潔西今天偷懶,不翻譯中文了,有空再來翻,還有好多事要做,明天的課要還沒備好就快十一點了。yabai ヤバイ,糟糕囉!房間真的很亂,是沒地方睡的亂,嗚嗚,我還是不要跟大家分享我的床上有什麼好了,大概只有A4的空間剩下,超誇張。這都要歸功於昨天去動物園跟今天去海賊展。昨天走了十三公里,一萬八千步。似乎有點小中暑。

頭髮從八點多洗到現在居然還是濕的,啊!I’d better get going. 我最好趕快動起來的意思。想錄每日一句想超久。床不會自己變整齊的,小叮噹在哪裡啊?

 

 

七 conjunction (conj.) 連接詞

A conjunction joins words, phrases, and clauses together. There are three types of conjunctions: coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions, and correlative conjunctions.

連接詞是用來連接單字,片語,跟子句。有三種連接詞,對等連接詞,從屬連接詞,跟關係連接詞。

1 對等連接詞:and, but, so, or, yet, for, nor  (fanboys)

   連接詞單字跟字群,兩者間是同等重要性的

   and 和

   The pilot and the crew boarded the plane.

   Hurry up and open the door.

   

   but 但是 

   It was hot, but they went jogging at noon.

   so 所以

   I got lost, so I didn’t go to the party.     lame excuse

   or 或者,否則

   Is it Monday or Tuesday?

   You shouldn’t eat too much, or you’ll be sick.

   

   for 因為 (正式) 

   I cannot tell whether she is older or you, for I have never seen her.

   

   yet 然而   

   Kelly was a convicted criminal, yet many people admired him.

   

   nor 也不

   Kent was not at the meeting, nor was he at work yesterday.

   Kent was not at the meeting, and he was not at work yesterday.

 

 

2 從屬連接詞:before, after, because, if, unless, as, since

   帶領從屬子句,而這個從屬子句會是從屬於一個主要子句。主要子句比較重要,而從屬子句是

   附屬於它。

   Although it was hot, they went jogging at noon.

   I got home before it started to rain.

   If I have time, I will help you.

   Since we are late, let’s skip class.

   

3 關係連接詞:both …and, either…or, neither…nor, whether…or, not only…but also

   每組都有兩個或以上的字一起。很像對等連接詞,在句子中的地位是同等重要的。

    I speak both English and Japanese.

    He’s the kind of person you either love or hate.

    I neither know nor care what happened to him.

    I’m leaving, whether you like it or not.

    Not only did he turn up late, but he also forgot his books.

    He turned up late, and he forgot his books.

 

 

八 interjection 感嘆詞

Interjections are words that express surprise or emotion.

感嘆詞是表達驚訝或情感的字

Ouch!

Wow!

Help!

Fire!

Hey!

Hi!

Yuck!

Ew!

 

1 名詞 n  2 代名詞 pron  3 動詞 v 4 形容詞 adj   5 副詞 adv  6 介系詞  prpe  7 連接詞  conj

8 感嘆詞

形容詞修飾名詞,代名詞

副詞修飾動詞,形容詞,副詞

連接詞連接單字,片語跟子句

Paris is a romantic city with some beautiful old buildings. 

Paris: n, is: v, a: adj, romantic: adj, city: n, with: prep, some: adj, beautiful: adj, old: adj, buildings: n

 

It has a very famous tower.

It: pron, has: v, a: adj, very: adv, famous: adj, tower: n

 

Taipei is a noisy city, and it’s very crowded.

Taipei: n, is: v, a: adj, noisy: adj, city: n, and: conj, it: pron, is: v, very: adv, crowded: adj

 

My towel is on the hook behind the door.

My: adj, towel: noun, is: v, on: prep, the: adj, hook: n, behind: prep, the: adj, door: n

 

 

文法出處

MINIMUM ESSENTIAL OF ENGLISH Second Edition

Fred Obrecht

Barron’s Educational Series, Inc.

 

例句出處

Longman Dictionary

Cambridge Dictionary

Tactics for Listening Basic

廣告

發表迴響

在下方填入你的資料或按右方圖示以社群網站登入:

WordPress.com 標誌

您的留言將使用 WordPress.com 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Google photo

您的留言將使用 Google 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Twitter picture

您的留言將使用 Twitter 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

Facebook照片

您的留言將使用 Facebook 帳號。 登出 /  變更 )

連結到 %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.