情態助動詞 Suggestions 建議:Shall we…? Let’s…., Why don’t…?, Could, How about…?

 

今天要說的還是情態助動詞,做建議的時候,我們這麼做吧!不如這樣做吧?算是簡單又清楚的,只是同樣的字,比方說 could 有好幾種用法,一個個用法看很清楚,有時候看到他出現的時候,卻會不知道用法是什麼或究竟該在什麼時候用。其實這些用法都很日常,多去注意聽一些用法,久了就會知道在什麼時候用。學過後仔細聽電視影集或電影裡面用到的時機,跟時態一樣,慢慢地就會有感覺知道在什麼時候需要用哪個字,不過需要花時間多練習,多聽多看多讀,盡量用出來,不要怕用錯,雖然用錯有時候意思會差很多。這就是語言啊!Ces’t la vie! 這就是人生啊!週末愉快!

講解影片

 

1 Shall we …? 或 Let’s 可以用來做建議,接原型動詞。

It’s a nice day. Shall we go for a walk? – Yes, OK.

Let’s go for a walk. – Good idea.

Let’s not go for a walk. – Why not?

 

2 Why don’t …?是口語比較友善的建議,接原型動詞。

Why don’t we go to a movie?

Why don’t you take a break?

 

3 could 也可以用來做建議,其中也有可能性在內,接原型動詞。

We could watch a movie tonight. – Yes, why not?

Maybe we could go to Taipei. – Sounds good.

 

4 shall, should, can 可以用來問建議,接原型動詞。

What shall/should I do?

What can I get Tom for his birthday?

 

5 shall we 可以是 let’s 的附加問句.     It’s Friday, isn’t it?

Let’s go, shall we?

 

6 How about …? 用來表建議時,後面要加名詞或動名詞。

How about eating out tonight?

How about a movie tonight?

 

用Why not, Why don’t/doesn’t 表達建議的時候,並不是真正的問題,所以問的人不期待得到答案。

A: Why don’t you visit Jill in Hong Kong?

B: That’s a good idea.

 

A: Why don’t you eat meat?

B: Because I’m a vegetarian.

 

注意動詞的接續與標點符號。

原型:

Let’s take the MRT.

Maybe we could the the MRT.

Why don’t we take the MRT?

Why not take the MRT?

動名詞或名詞

How about taking the MRT?

How about the MRT?

 

 

 

 

練習五 用提示的字完成句子

1 A: I feel like having seafood for dinner, but we went to Tai Oak for seafood last night.

B: ____________________ (Why not / Let’s not) go again? The food’s great, and so is the view.

2 A: I’m really tired. ______________________ (Let’s / How about) resting before we go out?

B: That’s a good idea. I’m tired too.

3 A: I want to explore downtown Hong Kong.

B: _______________________________ (Let’s not / Why don’t we) take a minibus? We’ll see a lot

more that way.

4 A group of foreign students just checked in at the hostel.

B: _____________________________ (How about / Maybe we could) ask them to join us for

dinner.

5 A: I still need to buy some souvenirs before we leave.

B: ___________________________ (Let’s / How about) go shopping after dinner.

6 A: I don’t want to go home tomorrow. I’m having a really good time here.

B: So am I. ____________________ (Let’s not / Why not ) leave tomorrow.

 

1 我們今晚不要外食吧!

2 我們在圖書館唸書吧!

3 我們不如搭公車去吧?

4 不如搭計程車吧?

5 我們可以走路去百貨公司。

 

 

練習五 用提示的字完成句子

1 A: I feel like having seafood for dinner, but we went to Tai Oak for seafood last night.

B: _______Why not______ (Why not / Let’s not) go again? The food’s great, and so is the view.

2 A: I’m really tired. ____How about______________ (Let’s / How about) resting before we go out?

B: That’s a good idea. I’m tired too.

3 A: I want to explore downtown Hong Kong.

B: _______Why don’t we____________ (Let’s not / Why don’t we) take a minibus? We’ll see a lot

more that way.

4 A: A group of foreign students just checked in at the hostel.

B: __Maybe we could____________ (How about / Maybe we could) ask them to join us for

dinner.

5 A: I still need to buy some souvenirs before we leave.

B: _____Let’s______________________ (Let’s / How about) go shopping after dinner.

6 A: I don’t want to go home tomorrow. I’m having a really good time here.

B: So am I. __Let’s not_____________ (Let’s not / Why not ) leave tomorrow.

 

1 我們今晚不要外食吧! Let’s not eating out tonight?

2 我們在圖書館唸書吧! Let’s study in the library. Shall we study in the library?

3 我們不如搭公車去吧? Why don’t we take a bus?

4 不如搭計程車吧?       How about taking a taxi. / Why not take a taxi?

5 我們可以走路去百貨公司。 We could walk to the department store.

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