情態助動詞:請求允許 May I, Could I, Can I, Do you mind if I …?

繼續講情態助動詞,這部分 May I, Can I, Could I 很容易跟 Would you, Will you, Could you, Can you 弄混淆。一個是請求允許,一個是要求某人做某事,兩個用的主詞也不一樣,要特別注意。先想清楚你要表達的,思考一下主詞,然後要怎麼問。

比方說要借錢,因為主詞不同,借這個動詞也會不同,借入或借出要用的是不同的字。

May I borrow some money?

Could you lend me some money?

這裡先說請求允許,要求某人做某事的下次再說。

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健康很重要,大家要多多保重啊!天氣變化大,換季,過敏感冒的都相當容易,要讓自己保持清爽自在需要花相當功夫呢!祝大家小週末快樂!

影片

 

B Permission 請求允許:May, Can, Could, Do you mind if …?

a 主詞為 I 的請求: May I …, Could I …, Can I …?

May I 與 Could I 用在正式的請求,較有禮貌,could 這裡沒有過去的意思,加 please 比較客氣。

Can I … 用來表達非正式的請求,雙方很熟的時候用

May I help you?

Could I call you tonight?

Can I borrow your pen, please?

 

回答時這樣的問題時,不可以用 could ,可以用 can 跟 may 。may 跟 not 注意不能縮寫。

回應是允許的話可以用下面的這些詞語。

Certainly. / Yes, certainly. / Of course. / Yes, of course. / Go ahead. 非正式 Sure.

回應是不允許的話,通常會道歉,給解釋。

A: May I borrow your phone?

B: Yes, of course you may.   Or B: No, you may not.

A: Could I close the window?

B: Yes, you can. Go ahead.   Or B: I’m sorry, but I don’t feel well and I need some fresh air.

 

b Do you mind if …? 用在當你的行為可能妨礙到他人,要請求允許時。假如介意的話回答 yes,不介意就回答 No. / Not at all.

A: Do you mind if I clean up the table? (In a restaurant)

B: Yes, actually I haven’t finished yet.

A: Do you mind if I take away the empty dishes?

B: Not al all.

 

練習二 按照提示,填入適當的代名詞與適當時態的助動詞

A: _________________________ into the test room now?

( could / come)

B: Yes, ____________________. Please show your registration form as you come in.

C: My brother isn’t taking the test. ___________________________ in the room with me?

( Do you mind / stay)

B: Yes, ____________________. Sorry, only people with tickets are permitted inside.

D: ____________________ a pen to write my name on the test booklet?

( May / use)

B: No, ____________________. You must use a pencil. And everyone please remember, ____________________ the test until I tell you to.

(can’t / start)

D: Jamie, _________________________ this pencil. I only brought a pen.

(do you mind if / borrow)

E: ____________________. Take it. I brought a few.

B: OK, ____________________ your test booklets and read the instructions now.

(may / open)

F: I’m late because my train broke down. ____________________ in?

(Can / come)

B: No, ____________________. We’ve already started the test.

 

翻譯

1 可以給我一杯水嗎?

2 我可以借你的筆嗎?

3 你介意我接電話嗎?

4 可以給我帳單嗎?

5 我可以請假一天嗎?

 

 

練習二 按照提示,填入適當的代名詞與適當時態的助動詞

A: ___Could I come______________________ into the test room now?

( could / come)

B: Yes, ___certainly. / go ahead_________________. Please show your registration form as you come in.

C: My brother isn’t taking the test. ___Do you mind if he stay________________________ in the room with me?                                   ( Do you mind / stay)

B: Yes, __I do__________________. Sorry, only people with tickets are permitted inside.

D: __May I use__________________ a pen to write my name on the test booklet?

( May / use)

B: No, ____you may not________________. You must use a pencil. And everyone please remember, _____you can’t start_______________ the test until I tell you to.

(can’t / start)

D: Jamie, __do you mind if I borrow_______________________ this pencil. I only brought a pen.

(do you mind if / borrow)

E: __Not at all__________________. Take it. I brought a few.

B: OK, ___you may open_________________ your test booklets and read the instructions now.

(may / open)

F: I’m late because my train broke down. ____Can I come________________ in?

(Can / come)

B: No, ___you can not_________________. We’ve already started the test.

 

1 可以給我一杯水嗎? Can I have a class of water?

2 我可以借你的筆嗎? Can I borrow your pen?

3 你介意我接電話嗎? Do you mind if I answer the phone?

4 可以給我帳單嗎? Can I have the bill, please?

5 我可以請假一天嗎? May I have a day off, please?

 

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