附加問句

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Tag Questions 附加問句                                      來源: Grammar Express, Longman

1

我們通常用附加問句來核對我們認為是對的資訊或對一個狀況下評論

John lives in Taipei, doesn’t he?

It’s a nice day, isn’t it?

2

附加問句有一個直述句跟一個附加部分。直述句表達了假設,而附加部分則是問對嗎?

a 假如直述句的動詞是肯定的,附加問句的動詞會是否定的。

b 假如直述句的動詞是否定的,附加問句的動詞會是肯定的。

You’re from Taipei, aren’t you?

You’re not from Taichung, are you?

You speak English, don’t you?

You don’t speak Korean, do you?

3

附加問句部分永遠是 be 動詞或助動詞(be, have, do, will, 或情態助動詞比方說 can, could, should)

特別注意 I am 的附加問句是 aren’t I 。另外附加問句裡一定只用代名詞。當直述句的主詞是 this 或 that 時,附加問句的主詞用 it。

It’s a beautiful day, isn’t it?

You’ve lived here for a long time, haven’t you?

You come from Taiwan, don’t you?

You can swim, can’t you?

I’m next, aren’t I?

John works here, doesn’t he?

That’s a good idea, isn’t it?

4

當你用附加問句來核對資訊或評論一個狀況時,你的語調會是下降。你期待你的聽眾同意或表現出他們正在聆聽。

A: It’s getting warmer, isn’t it?

B: Yeah. It seems more like summer.

附加問句也可以用來得到資訊。當你的聲音在最後上揚時,表示你期待一個答案。

A: You’re not moving, are you?

B: Yes. We’re returning to Tainan. or No, we’re staying here.

練習一:寫出附加問句

1 You’ve call the movers, __________________

2 They’re coming tomorrow, __________________

3 This isn’t going to be cheap, __________________

4 You haven’t finished packing, __________________

5 We don’t need any more boxes, __________________

6 Paul is going to help us, __________________

7 We can put some things in storage, __________________

8 Jack isn’t buying our bookcase, __________________

9 The movers aren’t packing the books for us, __________________

10 Moving is hard, __________________

練習二:填空

A: You’ve lived in Hollywood for many years, __________________?

B: Since I was eighteen and came here to write my first screenplay.

A: You didn’t know anyone here at first, __________________

B: No. And I didn’t have a cent to my name. Just some ideas and a lot of hope. It sounds crazy, __________________?

A: But things have worked out for you, __________________? You’re working on another screenplay now, __________________?

B: Yes. It’s a comedy about some kids who become invisible.

A: Speaking of kids, you have some of your own, __________________?

B: Two boys and a girl — all very visible!

A: I know what you mean. Do you ever wish they were invisible?

B: Now, that’s an interesting thought, __________________?

練習三:改錯

A: It’s been a long time, Joe, haven’t it?

B: That depends on what you mean by a long time, doesn’t that?

A: What are you doing around here, anyway? It’s dangerous.

B: I can take care of myself. I’m still alive, amn’t I?

A: Yes, but you’re still wanted by the police, are you?

B: Look, I need a place to stay. You have a place, don’t you? Just for one night.

A: I have to think of my wife and kids. You can find someplace else, can you?

B: No. You’ve got to help me!

A: I’ve already helped you plenty. I went to jail for you, haven’t I?

B: Yeah, OK, Ben. You remember what happened in Vegas, do you?

A: OK, OK. I can make a call.

練習一:寫出附加問句

1 You’ve called the movers, ____haven’t you?______________

2 They’re coming tomorrow, __aren’t they?________________

3 This isn’t going to be cheap, ___isn’t it?_______________

4 You haven’t finished packing, ____have you?______________

5 We don’t need any more boxes, ____do you?______________

6 Paul is going to help us, ____isn’t he?______________

7 We can put some things in storage, ____can’t we?______________

8 Jack isn’t buying our bookcase, ____is he?______________

9 The movers aren’t packing the books for us, ____are they?______________

10 Moving is hard, ___isn’t it?_______________

練習二:填空

A: You’ve lived in Hollywood for many years, ____haven’t you______________?

B: Since I was eighteen and came here to write my first screenplay.

A: You didn’t know anyone here at first, ___did you?_______________

B: No. And I didn’t have a cent to my name. Just some ideas and a lot of hopes. It sounds crazy, ____doesn’t it______________?

A: But things have worked out for you, _____haven’t they_____________? You’re working on another screenplay now, ___aren’t you_______________?

B: Yes. It’s a comedy about some kids who become invisible.

A: Speaking of kids, you have some of your own, ___don’t you_______________?

B: Two boys and a girl — all very visible!

A: I know what you mean. Do you ever wish they were invisible?

B: Now, that’s an interesting thought, ____isn’t it______________?

練習三:改錯

A: It’s been a long time, Joe, hasn’t it?

B: That depends on what you mean by a long time, doesn’t it?

A: What are you doing around here, anyway? It’s dangerous.

B: I can take care of myself. I’m still alive, aren’t I?

A: Yes, but you’re still wanted by the police, aren’t you?

B: Look, I need a place to stay. You have a place, don’t you? Just for one night.

A: I have to think of my wife and kids. You can find someplace else, can’t you?

B: No. You’ve got to help me!

A: I’ve already helped you plenty. I went to jail for you, didn’t I?

B: Yeah, OK, Ben. You remember what happened in Vegas, don’t you?

A: OK, OK. I can make a call.

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