最高級 Superlatives

先前講過同級比較 Tom is as tall as John.,比較級 Peter is taller than Tom.,今天要看的是最高級,用在三個人以上,三件事以上 Peter is the tallest in class.。沒有很難,要記住的是最高級前面需要 the ,形容詞或副詞本身要加 est 或 most ,通常會有個界定的範圍。剛剛吃太飽,有點笨笨的啊,講話都講不太好,請見諒。

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形容詞與副詞最高級 Adjectives and Adverbs Superlatives

1 S + be + the + adj-est/most adj + in ___/of ______ (in/of表示範圍)

這個句型常用來表示特定的人,事物,地點相當突出,而跟其他的人,事物,地點的不同。

You are the best parents in the world.

It’s the most expensive hotel in Oxford.

August is the hottest month of the year.

 

2 S + be + the adj-est/most adj + n + S + V

   S + be + the adj-est/most adj + n + S + have/has + (ever) + V3.

最高級常常搭配形容詞子句使用,尤其是表示經驗地完成式的句子。

That was the most delicious meal that I have ever eaten.

You are the most wonderful friend I have ever had.

You have the loveliest smile I have ever seen.

Mandy is the nicest person you could meet.

 

3 S + be + one of the adj-est/most adj + Ns + in ____/of_____/ever

這句型可以用來表示同為最高級之一

He is one of the best students in this class.

Madonna is one of the most famous pop singers ever.

 

4 S + V + the adv-est/most adv + of _____

用來表示特定的動作比其他的動作突出特別。

Bryant worked the hardest.

He scored the most frequently of anyone in the team.

 

練習

A Complete the sentences with a superlative.

  1. Yesterday was ____________ day of the year. (hot)
  2. This is _______________ time of day to drive downtown. (bad)
  3. She’s _______________ person in the class. (friendly)
  4. This is ________________ part of the test. (difficult)
  5. The _______________ month to visit is September. (good)
  6. It’s ________________ city in the world. (polluted)
  7. The ______________ I’ve ever flown is to Australia. (far)
  8. Is this _______________ city in the world? (noisy)

 

B Write sentences with ever.

  1. it / good / movie / I / see
  2. he / unfriendly person / I / meet
  3. it / hard test / he / take
  4. they / expensive shoes / she / buy
  5. it / long book / I / read
  6. she / beautiful woman / I / see
  7. it / bad meal / I / eat
  8. it / hot country / I be to

 

答案

A Complete the sentences with a superlative.

  1. Yesterday was ___the hottest_________ day of the year. (hot)
  2. This is __the worst_____________ time of day to drive downtown. (bad)
  3. She’s ___the friendliest____________ person in the class. (friendly)
  4. This is __the most difficult______________ part of the test. (difficult)
  5. The ___the best____________ month to visit is September. (good)
  6. It’s ___the most polluted_____________ city in the world. (polluted)
  7. The ___farthest___________ I’ve ever flown is to Australia. (far)
  8. Is this __the noisiest_____________ city in the world? (noisy)

 

B Write sentences with ever.

  1. it / good / movie / I / see: It’s the best movie I’ve ever seen.
  2. he / unfriendly person / I / meet: He’s the most unfriendly person I’ve ever met.
  3. it / hard test / he / take: It’s the hardest test he’s ever taken.
  4. they / expensive shoes / she / buy: They are the most expensive shoes she’s ever bought.
  5. it / long book / I / read: It’s the longest book I’ve ever read.
  6. she / beautiful woman / I / see: She’s the most beautiful woman I’ve ever seen.
  7. it / bad meal / I / eat: It’s the worst meal I’ve ever eaten.
  8. it / hot country / I be to: It’s the hottest country I’ve ever been to.

 

形容詞與副詞比較級與最高級變化規則

1 一個音節的形容詞或副詞在字尾加er形成比較級,加est形成最高級。

cheap-cheaper-cheapest, slow-slower-slowest, fast-faster-fastest, hard-harder-hardest

 

2 一個音節的形容詞或副詞字尾為e時,只要加r形成比較級,加st形成最高級nice-nicer-nicest, safe-safer-safest, close-closer-closest, late-later-latest

 

3 一個音節的形容詞或副詞(多為三或四個字母)字尾結構是子音加母音加子音時,則要重複字尾加er來形成比較級,加est形成最高級

big-bigger- biggest, hot-hotter-hottest, slim-slimmer-slimmest

 

4 兩個音節的形容詞或副詞字尾為y時,則去y加ier形成比較級,加iest形成最高級。

pretty-prettier-prettiest, friendly-friendlier-friendliest, funny-funnier-funniest

 

5 兩個或兩個音節以上的形容詞或副詞則在前面加more形成比較級,加most形成最高級。字尾是ly的副詞通常在前面加more或most。

convenient-more convenient-most convenient, comfortable-more comfortable-most comfortable, skillfully-more skillfully-most skillfully, handsome-more handsome-most handsome

 

6 有少數特殊變化需牢記。

good-better-best, bad-worse-worst, far-farther/further-farthest/furthest (兩者都可表物理上的距離,但是只有further可以表更進一步)

 

Write the comparative and superlative forms for the following words.寫出下列單字的比較及與最高級

  1. boring 2. cheap 3. fine 4. full 5. funny 6. handsome 7. hard 8. honest 9. interesting 10. lazy 11. light 12. nervous 13. sad 14. safe 15. silly 16. sorry 17. stupid 18. uncomfortable 19. useful 20. violent 21. wet 22. thin 23. late

 

1 most boring 2 cheapest 3 finest 4 fullest 5 funniest 6 most handsome 7 hardest

8 most honest 9 most interesting 10 laziest 11 lightest

12 most nervous 13 saddest 14 safest. 15 silliest 16 sorriest

17 most stupid 18 most uncomfortable 19 most useful 20 most violent

21 wettest 22 thinnest 23 latest

 

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