Gerund vs Infinitive 動名詞與不定詞的用法

不定詞跟動名詞好像蠻多人弄不清楚用法,潔西剛好上到這個部分,其實昨天來不及上 = = 先前也講過一點的樣子,相同的東西多看幾次印象會更深刻吧?或許。

 

最近每天一直睡,睡十二個小時左右,早上不用上課的話,秋天真的很好睡吧?只是潔西睡不好,不是一直做夢就是一直被吵醒,所以更是想睡。

 

不睡覺可以做很多事,但是睡覺就當作養身體好了。昨天跟學校請假了有種不真實的感覺慢慢變成在生活中的事實。本來要錄影片,錄了好多次都失敗,很難錄啊。奇怪,明明自言自語很在行的XD

 

寫有點久,有練習題跟解釋,呆呆地最近,希望沒有寫錯的地方。有問題再麻煩提出來:)

 

然後很多時候這些就是與法的規定,沒有為什麼…

 

Gerund vs Infinitive 動名詞與不定詞

動名詞:V-ing, working, studying, eating, drinking

不定詞:to + V1, to work, to study, to eat, to drink

 

1 某些特定動詞後面加不定詞或加動名詞,意義皆相同

如:begin, bother, continue, like, love, hate, start

She started to laugh. 她開始大笑。

She started laughing. 她開始大笑。

 

2 某些特定動詞後面加不定詞與動名詞,意義不同。

如:forget, remember, stop, try

She stopped to cry. 她停下原本的動作開始哭泣。

She stopped crying. 她停下哭泣的這個動作。

 

3 某些特定動詞後面只可以加不定詞

如:agree, decide, happen, offer, seem, intend, expect

I decided to study abroad. 我決定要出國唸書。

 

4 某些特定動詞後面只可以加動名詞

如:consider, finish, imagine, miss, mind, spend

She finished doing her homework. 她寫完作業。

 

5 動名詞可以當名詞用,放在句首當主詞

Cooking Italian food is interesting. 做義大利菜很好玩。

 

6 It’s +形容詞/名詞 + 不定詞

It’s interesting to cook Italian food. 做義大利菜很好玩。

It’s fun to cook Italian food. 做義大利菜很好玩。

 

7 動詞片語(動詞+介系詞) 後面加動名詞

如:end up, keep on, think about, plan on

I wasn’t planning on leaving Taiwan. 我沒有計劃離開台灣。

 

8 介系詞後面一定要加動名詞

After having dinner, he had a cup of coffee. 吃完晚餐後他喝了一杯咖啡。

 

Gerund vs Infinitive Exercise Touchstone 4 Unit 3

1 It’s impolite to go to a friend’s home for dinner without __________ (bring) a gift.

2 ____________ (arrive) a little late is acceptable.

3 It’s not a good idea _______________ (invite) a friend without asking the host.

4 It’s polite ______________ (compliment) the host’s cooking.

5 If you don’t like something your host serves, it’s best ____________ (not say)

anything and leave it.

6 It’s customary ____________ (not ask) for second helpings of food.

7 __________ (talk) with your mouth full is considered rude.

8 It’s acceptable _____________ (not finish) the food on your plate.

9 ___________ (take) a call on your cell phone during dinner is bad manners.

10 You can upset your host by ________________ (not leave) until it’s very late.

11 A: How did you end up ___________ (study) here?

B: My friend recommended this school, so I decided ____________ (sign up) for this

class. How about you?

A: Well, I wasn’t planning on _________ (learn) English, but my company offered

___________ (pay) for my classes. I agreed ___________ (come), and here I am! I

want to keep on __________ (take) classes if I can.

 

 

答案

Gerund vs Infinitive Exercise Touchstone 4 Unit 3

1 It’s impolite to go to a friend’s home for dinner without __bringing__ (bring) a gift.

1 到朋友家沒有帶禮物是沒有禮貌的。

1 介系詞後面加動名詞

 

2 __Arriving__ (arrive) a little late is acceptable.

2 晚一點到是可以接受的。

2 動名詞當主詞用

 

3 It’s not a good idea __to invite__ (invite) a friend without asking the host.

3 沒有問主人就邀請朋友不是個好主意

3 It’s +名詞+不定詞

 

4 It’s polite __to compliment__ (compliment) the host’s cooking.

4 稱讚主人做的菜是有禮貌的。

4 It’s +形容詞+不定詞

 

5 If you don’t like something your host serves, it’s best __not to say__ (not say)

anything and leave it.

5 假如你不喜歡你的主人所提供的餐點,最好不要說任何話,留在盤子上。

5 It’s +形容詞+不定詞 (不定詞的否定,在 to 前面加 not)

 

6 It’s customary __not to ask__ (not ask) for second helpings of food.

6 通常不會要第二份食物。

6 It’s +形容詞+不定詞

 

7 __Talking__ (talk) with your mouth full is considered rude.

7 嘴巴有食物時講話被認為是沒禮貌的。

7 動名詞當主詞用

 

8 It’s acceptable __not to finish__ (not finish) the food on your plate.

8 不把盤子裡的食物吃完是可以接受的。

8 It’s +形容詞+不定詞

 

9 __Taking__ (take) a call on your cell phone during dinner is bad manners.

9 在吃飯的時候接電話是沒有禮貌的。

9 動名詞當主詞用

 

10 You can upset your host by __not leaving__ (not leave) until it’s very late.

10 留到很晚還不離開可能會讓主人不開心。

10 介系詞後面一定要加動名詞(否定的時候在動名詞前面加 not)

 

11 A: How did you end up __studying__ (study) here?

11 B: My friend recommended this school, so I decided __to sign up__ (sign up) for this class. How about you?

11 A: Well, I wasn’t planning on __learning__ (learn) English, but my company offered __to pay__ (pay) for my classes. I agreed __to come__ (come), and here I am! I want to keep on __taking__ (take) classes if I can.

11 A: 你怎麼會在這裡唸書的呢?(end up 表示出乎意料的結果)

11 B: 我的朋友推薦這間學校,所以我決定報名這個課程。你呢?

11 A: 恩,我沒有計劃要學習英文,但是我的公司提供要付我上課學費。我同意來上課,我就來了。我想要一直上課假如我可以的話。

11 end up studying 動詞片語後面加動名詞,decided to sign up 特定動詞後面加不定詞,planning on learning 動詞片語後面加動名詞,offered to pay 特定動詞後面加不定詞,agreed to come 特定動詞後面加不定詞,keep on taking 動詞片語後面加動名詞。

 

 

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