頻率副詞 Frequency Adverbs

頻率副詞多半會在現在簡單式看到,看到這些副詞大部分是現在簡單式,但是也有例外,可以用在現在進行式,表示煩人的習慣,也可以用在過去式過去的習慣,也可以跟現在完成式連用,表示過去一直到現在一直…,另外要記得是注意頻率副詞放在一般動詞前,be 動詞後面。

 

頻率副詞Frequency Adverbs

A 頻率副詞常出現在現在簡單式的句子中,用來表達做某件事情的頻率有多頻繁。

How often可以用來問頻率,回答的時候要注意下列的句型。

肯定句

1. 主詞+頻率副詞+一般動詞      S + F.A. + V.

She usually comes to class late.

 

2. 主詞+be動詞+頻率副詞         S + Be + F.A.

She is usually late for class.

 

否定句

3. 主詞+頻率副詞+don’t/doesn’t+一般動詞 (除了always跟ever之外)

She usually doesn’t come to class late.

She doesn’t always come to class late.

 

4. 主詞+be動詞+not+頻率副詞

She isn’t usually late for class.

 

疑問句

5. 助動詞+主詞+頻率副詞+一般動詞?

Does she usually come to class late?

 

6. be動詞+主詞+頻率副詞?

Is she usually late for class?

How often do you exercise?

always                                 100%

almost always

usually

often                                    75%

frequently

generally

I   sometimes       exercise.

occasionally

seldom                                   25%

rarely                                    10%

hardly ever

almost never

never / not ever                        0%

 

頻率副詞除了usually, often, frequently, generally, sometimes, occasionally可以放句首,句尾外,其他通常只會放在句中。

 

I always sleep late.

I’m always sleepy.

 

B  另外一種回答How often的句型可以用時間副詞來表達頻率,記得通常都放在句尾,而且不要與頻率副詞一起用。

How often do you exercise?

I exercise every morning/every night/every day/every month/every year.

I exercise once a week/twice a month/three times a year./

I exercise every other day/every other week/every two weeks.

I exercise three times every two weeks

 

I exercise every morning/afternoon/night/day/week/month/year.

I exercise once/twice/three times/four times a week.

I exercise every other day/week/month/year/Monday.

I exercise every two weeks/three months/five years

at least …, at most …, about …, no more than …

 

Daily Routine     English Firsthand Unit 3 When do you start?   P.35

Read about Erika’s schedule. Fill in the spaces. Use the words. There is one extra.

work, watch, go to bed, drive, takes, get up, work out, eat, is, get, read

I almost always _____________ at 6.45. Then I _________ breakfast and get ready for work till about 8.30. I ______________ to work. It _____________ about 20 minutes. I usually ___________ from 9:00 to 5:00, but I sometimes have to work overtime. My lunch break _________ from 12:00 to 1:00. Sometimes I eat in the company cafeteria, and sometimes I go to a restaurant with coworkers. I often go to the health club to _______________ after work for an hour or so, and I usually get home around 6:30 or 7:00. Then I have dinner, work at my computer for a while, and __________ books. I hardly ever ______________ TV. I usually _________ at about 11:00 during the week, but not until 12:00 or 1:00 on weekends.

 

答案

get up, eat, drive, takes, work, is, work out, read, watch, go to bed

 

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