容易弄混淆或誤用的 been to, gone to, went to

現在完成式  Present Perfect 與過去簡單式

容易弄混淆或誤用的 been to, gone to, went to

 

下列句子有兩句是錯的,找不出來的話就看看影片囉。不要偷看最下面的答案喔!

I went to New York last year.

I have been to New York.

I have gone to New York.

He has gone to New York.

He has been to New York.

He has gone to New York last year.

 

 

1 been to: 

現在完成式:S + has/have been to + place.

用這個句型表達去過某個地方,但是現在回來了,不在哪個地方了。

He’s been to Paris. (He is now at home again.) 他去過巴黎(現在回來了)

I’ve been to Paris. (I am now at home again.) 我去過巴黎(現在回來了)

 

2 gone to:

現在完成式:S + has/have gone to + place.     V1: go, V2: went, V3: gone

用這個句型表人去了某個地方,人還在那裡,還沒有回來。所以表達自己去過某個地方絕對不要用這個句型。

He’s gone to Paris. (He is in Paris now.) 他去了巴黎(人現在在巴黎)

He has=He’s

I’ve gone to Paris. (X) 我人去了巴黎(錯誤的句子,因為說話時人在說話處)

 

3 went to:

過去簡單式:S + went to + place + past time expression

用這個句型表示過去的某個時間點去了某個地方。

I went to Paris last summer. (我去年夏天去了巴黎)

He went to Paris this morning. (他今天早上去了巴黎)

 

 

答案

I went to New York last year.

I have been to New York.

I have gone to New York. (X)

He has gone to New York.

He has been to New York.

He has gone to New York last year. (X)  He went to New York last year.

廣告

留言必須留下名字郵件地址經審核後才會出現

在下方填入你的資料或按右方圖示以社群網站登入:

WordPress.com Logo

您的留言將使用 WordPress.com 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

Twitter picture

您的留言將使用 Twitter 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

Facebook照片

您的留言將使用 Facebook 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

Google+ photo

您的留言將使用 Google+ 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

連結到 %s