【潔西家】容易混淆的 another, other, the other, the others 用法說明與練習 (上) 與練習題 (下)

潔西老實說,這兩支影片有空時會重錄,因為兩隻都是吃了藥,無意識的時後錄的,說了什麼一點都不記得,還講了超久,真誇張,有錯請見諒,找時間來聽聽看,覺得應該會蠻混亂的,講義應該是不太會錯,清醒的時候寫的,錄影片就完全沒印象,早上起來完全沒印象,啊!!!!!

 

從昨天寫了一整天寫到今天早上起來頭痛到爆,睡到四點去買無可救藥的燈,回家繼續肚子痛跟頭痛,悲慘的一天,沒寫出來又很不甘心。

第一部分是解說

 

一般限定詞 general determiner 代名詞 pronoun
單數 another friend is   另外一個朋友 another is
複數 other friends are  另外一些朋友 others are
特定限定詞 specific determiner 代名詞 pronoun
單數 the other friend is 剩下的那個朋友 the other is
複數 the other friends are 剩下的那些朋友 the others are

I have five foreign friends.   1, 2, 3, 4, 5

One is from France. Another is from Switzerland. Another is from Germany. Another is from Italy. The other is from Britain.

I have five foreign friends. 1, 2 3 4 5

One is from America. The others are from Canada.

I have five foreign friends. 1, 2, 3 4, 5

One is from South Korea. Another is from Japan. Others are from Thailand. The other is from Singapore.

I have five friends.   1 2, 3, 4 5

Two are engineers. Another is a designer. The others are accountants.

ANOTHER 的用法

1 當限定詞 (determiner) 用時,相當於形容詞的用法,後面要加單數可數名詞。當前面已經提過,

   很清楚的時候,可以用 another one 來代替,或直接用代名詞 (pronoun) another 來代替。

   Could I have another cookie?

   These cookies are delicious. Could I have another? / Could I have another one?

   May poured a glass of wine for me, and another for herself.

2 用來表示在前面說過的人事物之外,再來一個 one more,或是一個不同的 a different more,附加的 additional,額外的 extra 等意思。語意相當於 an + other ,一個其他的,但是不可以分開寫,一定要寫 another。

   additional 額外的

   Can I have another cookie?

   Would you like another piece of pie?

   Would you like another glass of wine?

   Would you like another drink?

   Buy two CDs and get another completely free.   Buy one get one free.  Three for two.

   Have another potato.

   He’s bought another car.

   different  不同的

   Let’s go to another restaurant for a change.

  I think we should paint it another color.

  They must have returned by another route.

  We finally moved to another apartment.

  I’m busy right now. Could you come back another time?

  Helen resigned from her last job and has yet to find another.

3 例外 (進階)

another

a 通常只用在可數名詞的單數,假如是不可數名詞跟可數複數名詞時,通常用 more 來表示更多,不會用 other 來表更多。

Would you like some more meat?

Would you like some more peas?

b 但是我們會在表達時間,金錢,距離時會用 another + few 或 another + 數字 + 複數名詞,用來表式額外的時間,金錢,距離。

I need another few minutes.  ( I need a few more minutes.)

I will be here for another three years. ( I need three more years to be here.)

I need another five dollars. ( I need five more dollars.)

We drove another three miles. (We drove three more miles.

OTHER  的用法  other friends = other ones = others

1 other 當限定詞時是形容詞的用法,後面加複數名詞,來表示除了先前提過的人事物外,其他的人事物,額外的一些,另外的一些。當前面已經提過很清楚的時候可以用 other ones 或 others 來表示前面提過的人事物。others 本身就是複數,後面不可以再加名詞。

The students in the class come from many countries. One of the students is from Mexico. Another student is from Iraq. Another is from Japan. Other students are from Spain. Others are from Algeria.

I spoke to John, Helen and a few other friends.

There are one or two other problems I’d like to discuss.

I’ve got some other friends I’d like to invite.

Do you have any other questions?

2 other : 不同的,用來指與前面提到過的是不同的人事物,其他不特定的幾個

David and Jessica were playing with two other children.

You’d better change into some other clothes.

Do you envy other women who seem to manage their lives better?

Can we discuss this some other time?

There is no other job I would rather do.

Saudi Arabia produces more oil than any other country.

I hope you will learn to show more respect for others (=other people).

Some people are at greater risk than others.

Some people like to stay home on weekends. Others like to go out and do outdoor activities.

Can you show me some other shoes?

Can you show me some others?

Some like dancing, and others don’t.

He couldn’t find the CD there, so he decided to check other stores.

Does this dress come in another color?

Does this dress come in other colors?

3 通常,other(s) 只會在當前面已經說過的名詞後才會單獨使用。另外時是用來表示其他人 others/ 

  the others 用來表示 other people, the other people,長用來指除了自己之外 beside oneself

  He never thinks of others.

  Jake’s arrived – I must tell the others.

  Why don’t you think more about other people?

THE OTHER, THE OTHERS  的用法

1 the other 用來表示在特定的一群東西中剩下的一個跟其他相似的

2 the others 用來表示在某些特定群組中其餘剩下的最後一些跟前面相似的東西。

I have three books. Two are mine. The other book is yours. (The other is yours.)

I have three books. One is mine. The other books are yours. (The others are yours.)

Tell the other people.

Tell the others.

One of my sisters is an officer worker, and the other is a college student.

Three of the club members came on time, but the others were late.

Tom was in the classroom, but the other students were playing outside.

Open the other hand. Open your other hand.

3 the/所有格/數量詞+other+複數名詞:表示不同的,前面沒有提到過的

the other books, my other books, three other books + 複數名詞

The other hotels were more expensive.

Ray agreed with me but my other friends said I was wrong.

Fall all other enquiries, phone this number.

4 the/所有格+other+單數名詞:表示前面沒有提到過的人或事

One of his sisters lives in France and his/the other sisters live in Australia.

5 the other (one) 用來表示一個先前已經提到過的人或事

He’s got two homes – one is in London and the other (one) is in Florida.

6 other 用來表示其他人 other people 或其他事 other things

Some people like sport and others aren’t interested in it at all.

the others 用來在一個團體中的人或一組事物當中的其他的

We arrived first and the others came later.

例題:答案在最下面

1

A: Do you like Haruki Murakami?

B: I’m not sure. I really enjoyed one of his books but I haven’t enjoyed any of ________ the other books he’s written.

2

A: Have you been to any __________  cities in Taiwan apart from Taiei?

B: Yes, on my __________  visit to this country last year, I went to Tainan.

3

A: Are you on your own?

B: Yes, but _________  are on their way. They’ll be here soon.

4

A: Is the company yo work for big?

B: It has two main offices. ________ office is in Tokyo and _______  is in Seoul.

5

A: Can we make a decision now?

B: No, I think we should have __________   discussion about the subject later.

6 Look at my hands. One is my left hand. ____________ is my right hand.

7  Look at my right hand. I have five fingers. One is my thumb. __________ is my index finger. _________ finger is my middle finger. __________  one is my ring finger. And ________ finger is my little finger.

8 Tom reads Apple Daily every morning. He doesn’t read any ___________ newspapers.

9 Some people prefer Korean dramas, but _________ prefer American TV series.

10 I’m almost finished. I just need ___________ few minutes.

11  Taipei has two basic problems. One is traffic, and _____________ is inflation.

12 Dr. Smith has three children. One is an accountant. ___________ is an engineer. ____________ is a doctor.

12 There are three colors in the French flag. One of the colors is blue. _________________ are white and red.

9 There are three colors in the French flag. One of the colors is blue. _______________ colors are white and red.

10 Many people like to get up early on weekends. ____________ like to sleep until noon.

11 Her boyfriend gave her a ring. She put it on her ring finger, but it didn’t fit. Therefore, she had to put it on ___________ finger.

12 I speak three languages. One is Mandarin. ____________ is Japanese. ____________ language is English.

Norman Coe, Mark Harrison, Ken Paterson, Oxford Practice Grammar, Basic, Oxford

出處

Michael Swan, Practical English Usage, Oxford

Michael Swan, Catherine Walter, How English Works, Oxford

Betty Schrampfer Azar, Understanding and Using English Grammar, Longman

Betty Schrampfer Azar, Fundamentals of English Grammar, Longman

朗文英文文法全集,石黑昭博,朗文

第二部分是解答

 

例題

1

A: Do you like Haruki Murakami?

B: I’m not sure. I really enjoyed one of his books but I haven’t enjoyed any of ________ the other books he’s written.

2

A: Have you been to any __________ other cities in Taiwan apart from Taipei?

B: Yes, on my __________ another visit to this country last year, I went to Tainan.

3

A: Are you on your own?

B: Yes, but _________  others are on their way. They’ll be here soon.

4

A: Is the company you work for big?

B: It has two main offices. ________ One office is in Tokyo and _______ the other one is in Seoul.

5

A: Can we make a decision now?

B: No, I think we should have __________  another  discussion about the subject later.

6 Look at my hands. One is my left hand. ____________ the other is my right hand.

7 Look at my right hand. I have five fingers. One is my thumb. __________  Another is my index finger. _________ Another finger is my middle finger. __________ Another one is my ring finger. And ________ the other finger is my little finger.

8 Tom reads Apple Daily every morning. He doesn’t read any ___________ other newspapers.

9 Some people prefer Korean dramas, but _________  others prefer American TV series.

10 I’m almost finished. I just need ___________  another few minutes.

11 Taipei has two basic problems. One is traffic, and _____________ the other is inflation.

12 Dr. Smith has three children. One is an accountant. ___________ Another is an engineer. ____________ The other is a doctor.

13 There are three colors in the French flag. One of the colors is blue. _________________ The others are white and red.

14 There are three colors in the French flag. One of the colors is blue. _______________  The other colors are white and red.

15 Many people like to get up early on weekends. ____________  others like to sleep until noon.

16 Her boyfriend gave her a ring. She put it on her ring finger, but it didn’t fit. Therefore, she had to put it on ___________ another finger.

17 I speak three languages. One is Mandarin. ____________ Another is Japanese. ____________ The other language is English.

  

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