My life is a mess. 我的生活一團亂。
My room is messy. My room is a mess. 我的房間很亂。
Let’s go. 我們走吧！
I’m full. 我飽了。
Could you pass the salt, please? 你可以遞鹽給我嗎？
Would you/Will you/Can you turn off the light, please? 可以幫我關燈嗎？
A Let’s clean it up! 我們來打掃吧！
A: This place is a mess. Let’s clean it up.
B: Sure. What do you want me to do?
A: Well, you can vacuum the floor and do the dishes.
B: OK. No problem.
A: And the garbage is full. Could you take it out?
B: Yeah, I guess.
A: And your bedroom is a mess, too. Your clothes are all over the floor. Could you pick
them up and put them in the washing machine, please?
B: Wow. That’s a bit too much. What are you going to do then?
A: Well, I’m going to do the laundry and mop the floor.
B. housework 家事 and chores 家務事
bedroom 臥室，living room 客廳 dining room 飯廳 kitchen 廚房，spring cleaning 春季大掃除
spring clearance 春季大拍賣
do yoga 做瑜伽，do aerobics 做有氧運動，come out of the closet 出櫃
LGBT: lesbians, gay, bisexual, transgender 女同志，男同志，雙性戀，跨性別者
1 clean up 打掃 2 clean the bathroom 打掃浴室 3 clean out the closet 打掃衣櫃
4 sweep the floor 掃地 5 vacuum the floor 吸地 6 mop the floor 拖地
7 wipe the windows 擦窗戶 8 wipe the table off 擦桌子
9 put the dishes away 把盤子收走 10 do the dishes 洗盤子
11 dry the dishes 擦乾盤子 12 do the laundry 洗衣服 13 fold the laundry 摺衣服
14 hang up your clothes 把你的衣服掛起來 15 do gardening 整理花圃
16 go/do grocery shopping 買菜(日常用品) 17 cook 做飯 18 make dinner 煮晚餐
19 dust the furniture 擦拭家具的灰塵 20 take out the garbage 倒垃圾
21 pay my electricity bill 繳我的電費帳單 22 pay my water bill 繳我的水費帳單
23 feed the dog 餵狗 24 walk the dog 遛狗
1 What chores do you usually do?
I wash the dishes, do the laundry, and clean the bathroom
2 Which chores don’t you like to do?
I hate to take out the garbage.
3 How often do you do chores?
I wash the dishes and do the laundry every day, and I clean the bathroom once a week.
4 Who does most of the chores in your family?
My mother does most of the chores because she is a housewife.
5 How old should children start to do chores?
I think children should start do chores when they are 10 years old.
6 Do you think women should do more housework than men? Why? Why not?
Yes, I think so. Because women are good at doing housework.
No, I don’t think so. Because it’s not fair. stereotype 刻板印象，老派的觀念
ladyboy 人妖 PC politically correct 政治正確 guilty 罪惡感 taboo 禁忌
costume party 妝扮派對/化裝舞會
I was cooking noodles when suddenly everything went dark. Luckily, I had some candles. No one else was at home. I was a bit scared, but I finished cooking my meal. I had a not so romantic candlelight dinner.
fortunately 幸運地 unfortunately 不幸地
While my girlfriend and I were watching a movie at home, the lights went out. It was really hot and boring, so we left home and took a walk in the moonlight. It was kind of romantic.
I’m a bit hungry. 我有點餓。
I was sleeping at this time yesterday. 昨天的這個時候我正在睡覺。
past —————x———————now ————————— future
I was cooking noodles. My girlfriend and I were watching a movie.
Everything went dark. The lights went out.
I was cooking noodles when everything went dark.
While I was cooking noodles, everything went dark.
My girlfriend and I were watching a movie when the lights went out.
While my girlfriend and I were watching movie, the lights went out.
While I was sleeping, he called. 當我在睡覺的時候，他打電話來。
When he got home, his family was having dinner. 當他到家的時候，他的家人在吃晚餐。
I was eating lunch at 12.30.
I was eating lunch while he was reading.
I saw you last night. You were waiting for a bus.
When I got home, my parents were having dinner.
We were walking in the park when it started to rain.
When I got home, my parents and I had dinner.
We stood under a tree when it started to rain.
2 常與過去進行式連用的副詞：at that time, at five o’clock yesterday, at seven o’clock, last night, in 2001 還有其他表達過去時間的副詞。
I/he/she/it: was , wasn’t we/you/they: were, weren’t
過去進行式肯定句 S + was/were + V-ing
I was eating brunch at 3:00.
He was reading a book last night.
old fashioned 觀念老舊 renovated 創新的
過去進行式否定句 S + wasn’t/weren’t + V-ing
I wasn’t looking.
He wasn’t listening.
They weren’t studying.
I work in a bank. / I don’t work in a bank.
He works in a bank. / He doesn’t work in a bank.
I worked in a bank. / I didn’t work in a bank.
He worked in a bank. / He didn’t work in a bank.
do, does, did 後加原型
過去進行式 Yes/No問句 Was/Were + S + V-ing?
Were you sleeping when I called?
Was he cooking?
過去進行式WH 問句 WH Questions Words + was/were + S + V-ing?
What were you doing at this time yesterday?
Where were you going when I saw you last night?
D Exercise 練習題
a Complete with a verb in the past continuous.
1 He met his wife when he _______________ in Australia. (work)
2 They _______________ for us when we arrived. (wait)
3 _______________ she _______________ a jacket when she went out? (wear)
4 What _______________ you _______________ at 10.00 pm last night? (do)
5 I _______________ when you gave the instruction. (not listen)
6 I _______________ when you called me. (drive)
7 It _______________ when I woke up this morning. (not rain)
1 He met his wife when he was working in Australia.
2 They were waiting for us when we arrived.
3 Was she wearing a jacket when she went out?
4 What were you doing at 10.00 pm last night?
5 I wasn’t listening when you gave the instruction.
b Put the verbs into the simple past or past continuous.
She arrived when we were having dinner. (arrive, have)
1 I _______________ my arm when I _______________ soccer. (break, play)
2 ____________ you ______ fast when the police _______________ you? (drive, stop)
3 It _______________ when we _______________ the theater. (snow, leave)
4 I _______________ the game because I _______________ . (not watch, work)
5 When you _______________ me, I _______________ to my boss. (call, talk)
1 I broke my arm when I was playing soccer.
2 Were you driving fast when the police stopped?
3 It was snowing when we left the theater.
4 I didn’t watch the game because I was working.
5 When you called me, I was talking to my boss.