【潔西家】基礎第五課,第一部分 打掃,過去進行式,自然發音 oo, ou, ow, oi, oy, au, aw, al,在禮品店 + Merry Christmas! 聖誕節快樂!

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本來想開直播講解的基礎第五課只翻了中文改寫完,其實沒翻完,但頭一直痛起來,先睡比較實在,頭痛到都快吐了,厚,聖誕節霸凌潔西啦!爛用霸凌,大家不要學。先放講義,頭不痛再來做影片,睡覺去,晚安:)

 

家事,過去進行式,自然發音,禮品店

My life is a mess. 我的生活一團亂。

My room is messy. My room is a mess. 我的房間很亂。

Let’s go. 我們走吧!

I’m full. 我飽了。

Could you pass the salt, please? 你可以遞鹽給我嗎?

Would you/Will you/Can you turn off the light, please? 可以幫我關燈嗎?

A Let’s clean it up! 我們來打掃吧!

A: This place is a mess. Let’s clean it up.

A: 這地方一團亂。我們來打掃吧!

B: Sure. What do you want me to do?

B: 好啊。你要我做什麼?

A: Well, you can vacuum the floor and do the dishes.

A: 恩,你可以吸地跟洗碗。

B: OK. No problem.

B: 好。沒問題。

A: And the garbage is full. Could you take it out?

A: 垃圾也滿了。你可以拿去倒嗎?

B: Yeah, I guess.

B: 好啊,我覺得。

A: And your bedroom is a mess, too. Your clothes are all over the floor. Could you pick

    them up and put them in the washing machine, please?

A: 你的房間也一團亂。你的衣服滿地。你可以把他們撿起來放到洗衣機嗎?

B: Wow. That’s a bit too much. What are you going to do then?

B: 哇!有點太多了吧。那你要做什麼。

A: Well, I’m going to do the laundry and mop the floor.

A: 恩,我會洗衣服跟拖地。

B. housework 家事 and chores 家務事

housework: the work of keeping a house clean and tidy

chore: a job or piece of work that is often boring or unpleasant but needs to be done regularly

bedroom 臥室,living room 客廳  dining room 飯廳  kitchen 廚房,spring cleaning 春季大掃除

spring clearance 春季大拍賣

do yoga 做瑜伽,do aerobics 做有氧運動,come out of the closet 出櫃

LGBT: lesbians, gay, bisexual, transgender 女同志,男同志,雙性戀,跨性別者

1 clean up 打掃  2 clean the bathroom 打掃浴室    3 clean out the closet 打掃衣櫃

4 sweep the floor 掃地  5 vacuum the floor 吸地    6 mop the floor 拖地   

7 wipe the windows 擦窗戶  8 wipe the table off 擦桌子

9 put the dishes away  把盤子收走   10 do the dishes 洗盤子 

11 dry the dishes 擦乾盤子  12 do the laundry 洗衣服  13 fold the laundry 摺衣服

14 hang up your clothes 把你的衣服掛起來 15 do gardening 整理花圃   

16 go/do grocery shopping 買菜(日常用品) 17 cook 做飯  18 make dinner 煮晚餐

19 dust the furniture 擦拭家具的灰塵    20 take out the garbage 倒垃圾

21 pay my electricity bill 繳我的電費帳單  22 pay my water bill 繳我的水費帳單

23 feed the dog 餵狗    24 walk the dog 遛狗    

Don’t wipe your nose on your sleeve!

1 What chores do you usually do? 

1 你通常都做什麼家務?

I wash the dishes, do the laundry, and clean the bathroom

我洗盤子,洗衣服,打掃浴室。

2 Which chores don’t you like to do?

2 你喜歡做哪些家務事?

I hate to take out the garbage.

我討厭倒垃圾。

3 How often do you do chores?

3 你多常做家務事?

I wash the dishes and do the laundry every day, and I clean the bathroom once a week.

我每天洗盤子跟洗衣服,我一個星期掃浴室一次。

4 Who does most of the chores in your family?

4 你家大部分的家務事都是誰在做?

My mother does most of the chores because she is a housewife.

我媽媽做大部分的家務事因為她是家庭主婦。

5 How old should children start to do chores?

5 小孩子幾歲應該開始做家事?

I think children should start do chores when they are 10 years old.

我覺得小孩子應該十歲的時候開始做家事。

6 Do you think women should do more housework than men? Why? Why not?

6 你覺得女人應該比男人做更多的家事嗎?為什麼?為什麼不用?

Yes, I think so. Because women are good at doing housework.

是的,我這麼認為。因為女生很會做家事。

No, I don’t think so.  Because it’s not fair.  stereotype 刻板印象,老派的觀念

ladyboy 人妖   PC politically correct 政治正確   guilty 罪惡感  taboo 禁忌

costume party  妝扮派對/化裝舞會 

C 過去進行式

May

I was cooking noodles when suddenly everything went dark. Luckily, I had some candles. No one else was at home. I was a bit scared, but I finished cooking my meal. I had a not so romantic candlelight dinner.

我在煮麵的時候突然間一切都暗下來了。幸運地是,我有蠟燭。沒有其他人在家。我有點怕,但是我還是煮完我的晚餐。我吃了一頓不太浪漫的燭光晚餐。

fortunately 幸運地 unfortunately 不幸地

Sam

While my girlfriend and I were watching a movie at home, the lights went out. It was really hot and boring, so we left home and took a walk in the moonlight. It was kind of romantic. 

山姆

當我的女朋友跟我在家看電影的時候,燈熄了。真的很熱又無聊,所以我們離開家裡,在月光下散步。還有點浪漫。

I’m a bit hungry. 我有點餓。

I was sleeping at this time yesterday. 昨天的這個時候我正在睡覺。

past —————x———————now ————————— future

I was cooking noodles.   My girlfriend and I were watching a movie.

Everything went dark.  The lights went out.

I was cooking noodles when everything went dark.

While I was cooking noodles, everything went dark.

My girlfriend and I were watching a movie when the lights went out.

While my girlfriend and I were watching movie, the lights went out.

While I was sleeping, he called.  當我在睡覺的時候,他打電話來。

When he got home, his family was having dinner.  當他到家的時候,他的家人在吃晚餐。

1 過去進行式的使用時機

a

過去進行式用在表達過去某個時間持續進行的動作。強調動作過程,而非動作的完成。

I was eating lunch at 12.30.

十二點半的時候在吃午餐。

I was eating lunch while he was reading.

我在吃午餐的時候他在看書。

b

過去進行式用來描述過去某時正在進行中的事情。所描述的活動或情況已經開始,而在

當時仍未結束。

I saw you last night. You were waiting for a bus.

我昨天晚上有看到你。你正在等公車。

c

當描述過去發生的事時,假如要描述一個持續進行的動作被另一個短暫的動作打斷時,用過去進行式來表達持續進行的動作,用過去簡單式來表達短暫打斷的動作。

When I got home, my parents were having dinner.

我到家時,爸媽正在吃飯

We were walking in the park when it started to rain.

我們在公園散步到一半時,雨開始下起來了

    

但是,要描述某事件在另一事件之後發生,則兩者都需使用過去簡單式。

When I got home, my parents and I had dinner.

當我到家後,我跟爸媽一起吃飯。

We stood under a tree when it started to rain.

當雨開始下了起來後,我們站到樹下去。

  

2 常與過去進行式連用的副詞at that time, at five o’clock yesterday, at seven o’clock, last night, in 2001 還有其他表達過去時間的副詞。

3 過去進行式的句型

I/he/she/it: was , wasn’t   we/you/they: were, weren’t

a

過去進行式肯定句  S + was/were + V-ing

I was eating brunch at 3:00.

我在三點的時候吃早午餐。 

He was reading a book last night.

他昨天晚上在看一本書。

marketing 行銷

old fashioned 觀念老舊  renovated 創新的

b

過去進行式否定句  S + wasn’t/weren’t + V-ing

I wasn’t looking.

我沒有在看。 

He wasn’t listening.

他沒有在聽。

They weren’t studying.

他們沒有在唸書。

I work in a bank. / I don’t work in a bank.

He works in a bank. / He doesn’t work in a bank.

I worked in a bank.  / I didn’t work in a bank.

He worked in a bank. / He didn’t work in a bank.

do, does, did 後加原型

c

過去進行式 Yes/No問句  Was/Were + S + V-ing?

Were you sleeping when I called?

我打電話給你的時候你在睡覺嗎?

Was he cooking? 

他在做菜嗎?

d

過去進行式WH 問句  WH Questions Words + was/were + S + V-ing?

What were you doing at this time yesterday?

你昨天的這個時候在做什麼?

Where were you going when I saw you last night?

我昨天看到你的時候你要去哪裡?

D Exercise 練習題

a Complete with a verb in the past continuous.

用動詞完成進行式。

1 He met his wife when he _______________ in Australia. (work)

2 They _______________ for us when we arrived. (wait)

3 _______________ she _______________ a jacket when she went out? (wear)

4 What _______________ you _______________ at 10.00 pm last night? (do)

5 I _______________ when you gave the instruction. (not listen)

6 I _______________ when you called me. (drive)

7 It _______________ when I woke up this morning. (not rain)

1 He met his wife when he was working in Australia.

2 They were waiting for us when we arrived.

3 Was she wearing a jacket when she went out?

4 What were you doing at 10.00 pm last night?

5 I wasn’t listening when you gave the instruction.

b Put the verbs into the simple past or past continuous.

用過去簡單式或過去進行式來完成句子

She arrived when we were having dinner. (arrive, have)

1 I _______________ my arm when I _______________ soccer. (break, play)

2 ____________ you ______ fast when the police _______________ you? (drive, stop)

3 It _______________ when we _______________ the theater. (snow, leave)

4 I _______________ the game because I _______________ . (not watch, work)

5 When you _______________ me, I _______________ to my boss. (call, talk)

1 I broke my arm when I was playing soccer.

2 Were you driving fast when the police stopped?

3 It was snowing when we left the theater.

4 I didn’t watch the game because I was working.

5 When you called me, I was talking to my boss.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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