表達未來的 be going to 跟 will

這是潔西昨天代課的基礎課程的內容,有關於表達未來時,什麼時候用 be going to ,什麼時候用 will 。其實還有很多更複雜的,這邊是基礎的課程,所以講解的比較簡單一點,可以參考一下:)

 

 

 

 

 

前面是原本的講義,後面是講解補充的講義

 

B 未來式用法,be going to 與will的區別:

1 我們可以用 be going towill 來表示預測 prediction 或猜想 guess

It is going to rain tomorrow.

It will rain tomorrow.

 

2 也可用 be going to 或 will 來談論未來將做的事

be going to 來表示先前做的決定

What’s your plan for the weekend?

I’m going to see a movie this weekend.

will 來表示當下立刻做的決定

What’s your plan for the weekend?

I don’t know. Maybe I will see a movie.

 

3 用 be going to 來表達計劃,我們知道即將發生的事

I’m going to study abroad next year.

 

4 用 be going to 來表達現在的狀況會導致未來的行為或結果

Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain.

 

5  用 will 來表示承諾的事,提供幫助

I’ll always love you.

I’ll help you.

 

6 用 will 來表示你認為在未來會發生的事

Don’t touch the dog. It’ll bite you.

 

7 不是百分之百確定的時候常會用may, might,或用I guess, I think , maybe,

probably 跟will 連用。

I may/might go to a movie tonight.

I’ll probably work tonight.

 

I’m going to visit my friend tomorrow.                 100 % sure

I’m working tonight.

I’ll probably go shopping this weekend.

I might go to a movie.

Maybe I’ll go swimming next Sunday.

I may stay home tomorrow. I’m awfully tired.

If it’s a nice day, I might play tennis.                  less sure

 

 

 

 

C 未來 The Future  with be going to

be going to 可以用來表達未來的計劃或預測

 

肯定句 S + be  going to  + V1  + (future time)

I    am   going to    cook dinner   tonight.

You   are   going to    visit your parents next week.

He    is    going to    take a vacation next month.

 

否定句S + be not   going to  + V1  + (future time)

I    am not  going to    cook dinner   tonight.

You   are not  going to    visit your parents next week.

He    is not   going to    take a vacation next month.

 

Yes/No問句be   +  S  +  going to  + V1  + (future time)

Am      I       going to    go to the party tomorrow?

Are     you     going to    play tennis tonight?

Is      she     going to     celebrate her birthday tonight?

 

WH問句 WH word + be  + S +  going to  + V1  + (future time)

What      am     I      going to    do

How       are    you     going to    get there?

Who       is     she     going to    playing mahjong with?

 

Future questions

  1. What are you going to do for your birthday? I’m going to have a birthday party at a KTV. I’m going to eat a lot and drink a lot.
  2. What are you going to do after class? I’m going to eat some snacks.
  3. How are you going to get home? I’m going to take the bus.
  4. What are you going to do this weekend? I’m going to Kenting.
  5. What are you going to do next month?

I’m going to the U.S. to visit my sister.

  1. What are you going to do for Dragon Boat Festival?

I’m going to eat two or three rice dumplings and watch the dragon boat races on TV.

  1. What are you going to do tomorrow? I’m going to work as usual.
  2. What time are you going to get up? I’m going to get up at 8.15.
  3. Where are you going to eat breakfast tomorrow? I’m going to eat breakfast in the office.
  4. When are you going to get married/have a baby/retire?

I’m going to get married when I’m 35 years old.

I don’t know. Maybe I’ll retire when I’m 65.

  1. Are you going to go to surf the Internet tonight? Yes, I am.
  2. Are you going to do exercise next week? No, I’m not.

G 未來The Future with Will

will 可以用來表示預測,承諾,提供協助,當下的決定。

I/You/He/She/It/We/They will be late.

I/You/He/She/It/We/They won’t be late.

Will I/you/he/she/it/we/they be late?

Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they will.

No, I/you/he/she/it/we/they won’t.

I’ll call you.

I won’t tell anyone.

I’ll help you with your homework.

I’ll open the door for you.

I won’t have the fish. I’ll have the steak.

We’ll take the 8.30 train

 

H-a Complete with going to + a verb.

be, buy, get married, not go, not pass, see, snow, stay

 

What movie are you going to see tonight?

1 He’s very lazy. I’m sure he __________________ his exams.

2 ________ your sister __________ a new house?

3 You _________________ in my class next year.

4 We _________________ camping next summer. We ______________ at a hotel.

5 A: When ___________ they ______________________ ?

B: In October.

6 It’s very cold, but I don’t think it _____________________ today.

 

H-b Write sentences and questions with will / won’t.

it / be difficult +   = It’ll be difficult.

it / be difficult —  = It won’t be difficult.

it / be difficult ?   = Will it be difficult?

1 they / win —

2 the meeting / be long ?

3 he / get the job  —

4 you / see him at the party ?

5 it / be impossible to park +

6 you / like the movie —

7 she / love the chocolates we bought her +

8 there / be a lot of traffic at 6:00 —

9 you / can find a good job +

 

 

 

  1. A: Have you cleaned your room?

B: Oh, no, I forgot. I ______________ (clean) it now.

  1. Oh, no! It’s starting to rain! I think I _______________(take) a taxi.
  2. Look out! The ladder _________________ . (fall)
  3. We ___________________ (have) a baby.
  4. Don’t touch the knife. You _________________ (cut) yourself.
  5. Don’t smoke. You ___________________ (be) sick.
  6. It’s raining. Don’t go out now. You __________________ (get) wet.
  7. I ____________________ (make) some spaghetti tonight.

 

 

 

下面是加了補充說明的講義跟練習題的解答

 

B 未來式用法,be going to 與will的區別:

1 我們可以用 be going towill 來表示預測 prediction 或猜想 guess

It is going to rain tomorrow.

It will rain tomorrow.

2 也可用 be going to 或 will 來談論未來將做的事

be going to 來表示先前做的決定

What’s your plan for the weekend?

I’m going to see a movie this weekend.

will 來表示當下立刻做的決定

What’s your plan for the weekend?

I don’t know. Maybe I will see a movie.

3 用 be going to 來表達計劃,我們知道即將發生的事

I’m going to study abroad next year.

4 用 be going to 來表達現在的狀況會導致未來的行為或結果

Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain.

5  用 will 來表示承諾的事,提供幫助

I’ll always love you.

I’ll help you.

6 用 will 來表示你認為在未來會發生的事

Don’t touch the dog. It’ll bite you.

 

7 不是百分之百確定的時候常會用may, might,或用I guess, I think , maybe,

probably 跟will 連用。

I may/might go to a movie tonight.

I’ll probably work tonight.

I’m going to visit my friend tomorrow.                 100 % sure

I’m working tonight.

I’ll probably go shopping this weekend.

I might go to a movie.

Maybe I’ll go swimming next Sunday.

I may stay home tomorrow. I’m awfully tired.

If it’s a nice day, I might play tennis.                  less sure

C 未來 The Future  with be going to

be going to 可以用來表達未來的計劃或預測

肯定句 S + be  going to  + V1  + (future time)

I    am   going to    cook dinner   tonight.

You   are   going to    visit your parents next week.

He    is    going to    take a vacation next month.

否定句S + be not   going to  + V1  + (future time)

I    am not  going to    cook dinner   tonight.

You   are not  going to    visit your parents next week.

He    is not   going to    take a vacation next month.

Yes/No問句be   +  S  +  going to  + V1  + (future time)

Am      I       going to    go to the party tomorrow?

Are     you     going to    play tennis tonight?

Is      she     going to     celebrate her birthday tonight?

WH問句 WH word + be  + S +  going to  + V1  + (future time)

What      am     I      going to    do

How       are    you     going to    get there?

Who       is     she     going to    playing mahjong with?

Future questions

1. What are you going to do for your birthday? I’m going to have a birthday party at a KTV. I’m going to eat a lot and drink a lot.

2. What are you going to do after class? I’m going to eat some snacks.

3. How are you going to get home? I’m going to take the bus.

4. What are you going to do this weekend? I’m going to Kenting.

5. What are you going to do next month?

I’m going to the U.S. to visit my sister.

6. What are you going to do for Dragon Boat Festival?

I’m going to eat two or three rice dumplings and watch the dragon boat races on TV.

7. What are you going to do tomorrow? I’m going to work as usual.

8. What time are you going to get up? I’m going to get up at 8.15.

9. Where are you going to eat breakfast tomorrow?  I’m going to eat breakfast in the office.

10. When are you going to get married/have a baby/retire?

I’m going to get married when I’m 35 years old.

I don’t know. Maybe I’ll retire when I’m 65.

11. Are you going to go to surf the Internet tonight? Yes, I am.

12. Are you going to do exercise next week? No, I’m not.

G 未來The Future with Will

will 可以用來表示預測,承諾,提供協助,當下的決定。

I/You/He/She/It/We/They will be late.

I/You/He/She/It/We/They won’t be late.

Will I/you/he/she/it/we/they be late?

Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they will.

No, I/you/he/she/it/we/they won’t.

I’ll call you.

I won’t tell anyone.

I’ll help you with your homework.

I’ll open the door for you.

I won’t have the fish. I’ll have the steak.

We’ll take the 8.30 train

H-a Complete with going to + a verb.

be, buy, get married, not go, not pass, see, snow, stay

What movie are you going to see tonight?

1 He’s very lazy. I’m sure he __________________ his exams.

2 ________ your sister __________ a new house?

3 You _________________ in my class next year.

4 We _________________ camping next summer. We ______________ at a hotel.

5 A: When ___________ they ______________________ ?

B: In October.

6 It’s very cold, but I don’t think it _____________________ today.

H-b Write sentences and questions with will / won’t.

it / be difficult +   = It’ll be difficult.

it / be difficult —  = It won’t be difficult.

it / be difficult ?   = Will it be difficult?

1 they / win —

2 the meeting / be long ?

3 he / get the job  —

4 you / see him at the party ?

5 it / be impossible to park +

6 you / like the movie —

7 she / love the chocolates we bought her +

8 there / be a lot of traffic at 6:00 —

9 you / can find a good job +

1. A: Have you cleaned your room?

B: Oh, no, I forgot. I ______________ (clean) it now.

2. Oh, no! It’s starting to rain! I think I _______________(take) a taxi.

3. Look out! The ladder _________________ . (fall)

4. We ___________________ (have) a baby.

5. Don’t touch the knife. You _________________ (cut) yourself.

6. Don’t smoke. You ___________________ (be) sick.

7. It’s raining. Don’t go out now. You __________________ (get) wet.

8. I ____________________ (make) some spaghetti tonight.

 

 

 

 

現在,過去,未來

現在簡單式 Simple Present, Present Simple  

S + V1 / S + am/is/are + noun/adj/prep phrase

I get up at 7.30 every morning.       He gets up at 7.30 every morning.

I am a teacher.   You are tall.    He is at home.

 

過去簡單式  Simple Past , Past Simple

S + V2 / S + was/were + noun/adj/prep phrase

I got up at 8.30 this morning.      He went home late last night.

I was a student. You were single. /  I was married. 

He was in the office last night.

 

B 未來式用法,be going to 與will的區別:

1 我們可以用 be going towill 來表示預測 prediction 或猜想 guess

It is going to rain tomorrow.

It will rain tomorrow.

It is going to be sunny tomorrow.

It will be sunny tomorrow.

 

2 也可用 be going to 或 will 來談論未來將做的事

be going to 來表示先前做的決定

What’s your plan for the weekend?

I’m going to see a movie this weekend.

I’m going to study English this weekend.

I’m going to work this weekend.

 

will 來表示當下立刻做的決定

What’s your plan for the weekend?

I don’t know. Maybe I will see a movie.

I will just stay home.

 

I’m going to get married next year.

I don’t know. Maybe I will get married next year.

I’ll have the steak.

 

What are you going to have for lunch?

I’m going to have beef noodles.

I’ll have beef noodles.

 

3 用 be going to 來表達計劃,我們知道即將發生的事

I’m going to study abroad next year.

I’m going to teach Chinese tomorrow.

 

 

4 用 be going to 來表達現在的狀況會導致未來的行為或結果

Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain.

Look out! The car is going to crash.

 

5  用 will 來表示承諾的事,提供幫助

I’ll always love you.

I’ll call you.

I’ll help you.

I’ll open the door for you.

 

6 用 will 來表示你認為在未來會發生的事

Don’t touch the dog. It’ll bite you.

Don’t cheat or you’ll be kicked out.

 

7 不是百分之百確定的時候常會用 may, might,或用 I guess, I think , maybe,

probably 跟will 連用。

I may/might go to a movie tonight.

I’ll probably work tonight.

maybe     may be

Maybe I will go to bed early.   / Maybe it will rain tomorrow.

I may go to bed early.   / It may rain tomorrow. / It may be sunny tomorrow.

 

 

I’m going to visit my friend tomorrow.                 100 % sure

I’m working tonight.

I’ll probably go shopping this weekend.

I might go to a movie.

Maybe I’ll go swimming next Sunday.

I may stay home tomorrow. I’m awfully tired.

If it’s a nice day, I might play tennis.                  less sure

 

 

 

 

C 未來 The Future  with be going to

be going to 可以用來表達未來的計劃或預測

 

肯定句 S + be  going to  + V1  + (future time)

I    am   going to    cook dinner   tonight.

You   are   going to    visit your parents next week.

He    is    going to    take a vacation next month.

 

否定句S + be not   going to  + V1  + (future time)

I    am not  going to    cook dinner   tonight.

You   are not  going to    visit your parents next week.

He    is not   going to    take a vacation next month.

 

Yes/No問句be   +  S  +  going to  + V1  + (future time)

Am      I       going to    go to the party tomorrow?

Are     you     going to    play tennis tonight?

Is      she     going to     celebrate her birthday tonight?

 

WH問句 WH word + be  + S +  going to  + V1  + (future time)

What      am     I      going to    do?

How       are    you     going to    get there?

Who       is     she     going to    playing mahjong with?

 

 

G 未來The Future with Will

will 可以用來表示預測,承諾,提供協助,當下的決定。

I/You/He/She/It/We/They will be late.

I/You/He/She/It/We/They won’t be late.

Will I/you/he/she/it/we/they be late?

Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they will.

No, I/you/he/she/it/we/they won’t.

I’ll call you.

I won’t tell anyone.

I’ll help you with your homework.

I’ll open the door for you.

I won’t have the fish. I’ll have the steak.

We’ll take the 8.30 train

 

 

H-a Complete with going to + a verb.

be, buy, get married, not go, not pass, see, snow, stay

 

What movie are you going to see tonight?

1 He’s very lazy. I’m sure he _____________  his exams.

2 ________  your sister _______________  a new house?

3 You _________________ in my class next year.

4 We _________________ camping next summer. We ______________ at a hotel.

5 A: When ___________ they ______________________ ?

B: In October.

6 It’s very cold, but I don’t think it _____________________ today.

1 He’s very lazy. I’m sure he’s not going to pass his exam.

2 Is your sister going to buy a new house?

3 You are going to be in my class next year.

4 We aren’t going to go camping next summer. We arguing to stay at a hotel.

5 When are they going to get married?

6 It’s very cold, but I don’t think it is going to snow today.

 

 

H-b Write sentences and questions with will / won’t.

it / be difficult +   = It’ll be difficult.

it / be difficult —  = It won’t be difficult.

it / be difficult ?   = Will it be difficult?

1 they / win —

2 the meeting / be long ?

3 he / get the job  —

4 you / see him at the party ?

5 it / be impossible to park +

6 you / like the movie —

7 she / love the chocolates we bought her +

8 there / be a lot of traffic at 6:00 —

9 you / can find a good job +

1 They won’t win.

2 Will the meeting be long?

3 He won’t get the job.

4 Will you see him at the party?

5 It will be impossible to park.

6 You won’t like the movie.

7 She will love the chocolates we bought her.     Godiva : 72%   400, 240, 270  85

8 There won’t be a lot of traffic at 6:00.    There have five people in my family. (X)

9 You will be able to find a good job.

 

 

 

  1. A: Have you cleaned your room?

B: Oh, no, I forgot. I ______________ (clean) it now.

  1. Oh, no! It’s starting to rain! I think I _______________(take) a taxi.
  2. Look out! The ladder _________________ . (fall)
  3. We ___________________ (have) a baby.
  4. Don’t touch the knife. You _________________ (cut) yourself.
  5. Don’t smoke. You ___________________ (be) sick.
  6. It’s raining. Don’t go out now. You __________________ (get) wet.
  7. I ____________________ (make) some spaghetti tonight.

1 I’ll clean it now.

2 I think I’ll take a taxi.

3 The ladder is going to fall.

4 We are going to have a baby.

5 You’ll cut yourself.

6 You’ll be sick.

7 You’ll get wet.

8 I am going to make some spaghetti tonight.

 

 

Future questions

  1. What are you going to do for your birthday?

I’m going to have a birthday party at a KTV. I’m going to eat a lot and drink a lot.

hangover 宿醉

I’m not sure. Maybe I’ll just stay home.

  1. What are you going to do after class? I’m going to eat some snacks.

snake, snack,  late night snack, midnight snack

I guess I’ll go to the night market.

I’m going to go to the night market. / I’m going to the night market.

  1. How are you going to get home? I’m going to take the bus.

I’m going to the the MRT.   I’m going to ride a scooter.

  1. What are you going to do this weekend? I’m going to Kenting.

I’m going to the movies. / I’ll play basketball with my friends.

follow-up questions

Which movie are you going to see?

Who are you going to the movies with?

Where are you going to see the movie?

 

I travel alone.  I travel by myself.  I travel on my own.

  1. What are you going to do next month?

I’m going to the U.S. to visit my sister.

I have no idea what I am going to do.

  1. What are you going to do for Dragon Boat Festival? Double Tenth Festival?

I’m going to eat two or three rice dumplings and watch the dragon boat races on TV.

I’m going to watch the beautiful fireworks.

  1. What are you going to do tomorrow? I’m going to work as usual.

I’m going to sleep in.  sleep late

  1. What time are you going to get up? I’m going to get up at 8.15.

a quarter after 8 , ten to ten   9.50

  1. Where are you going to eat breakfast tomorrow? I’m going to eat breakfast in the office.

I’m going to eat breakfast on my way to work. / on the train/on the bus.

on my way home / on my way to school / on my way to the bank

  1. When are you going to get married/have a baby/retire?

I’m going to get married when I’m 35 years old.

I don’t know. Maybe I’ll retire when I’m 65.

I’m not sure. I’ll probably have a baby before I’m 35.

  1. Are you going to go to surf the Internet tonight? Yes, I am.

go online   online shopping

Which websites do you usually visit?

Which websites are you going to visit?

  1. Are you going to do exercise next week? No, I’m not.

Why aren’t you going to do exercise next week?

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