潔西基礎英文教室第四課 可數名詞的單數與複數的拼字與發音規則,日常用品,人稱代名詞

今天來嚇嚇大家,哈哈哈。重感冒睡了兩天,無聊到開始玩 OBS,然後突然就發現,其實很簡單,設定,看一下 YouTube 善心人士的介紹,這樣以後潔西就可以開台了,耶!這次是用 YouTube 開台,但是開的時候是用私人的,所以沒有公開,但是很可怕的居然有一個觀看人數,都沒公開是誰還能跑來看,有點恐怖啊?總之呢,成功了,下次說不定就用開台講解,這樣有問題的人有可以提出來,不過很多東西都還不是很熟,一邊摸一邊學囉:) 有什麼問題在跟潔西說。聲音好像有點小,潔西沒有用麥克風,而且開冷氣,所以好像冷氣的聲音有點吵,只用攝影機的鏡頭收音的效果太差的話下次再用麥克風。不過今天測試了幾次是覺得用麥克風的收音跟用攝影機收音似乎差不多,所以就偷懶沒戴耳機。戴耳機應該還是會好一點吧?睡覺去。晚安:)

 

 

 

C 可數名詞:顧名思義就是可以數有幾個數量。

單數:只有一個的時候稱做單數,前面一定要加冠詞如 a, the, this, my等。

What’s this?   It’s a stamp.

I have sister. (X)  I have a sister.  I have three sisters.

This is book. (X)  This is a book.

I like apple. (X)  I like apples.

 

複數:兩個以上時叫做複數。複數的字尾多半要加s。複數時可以加數量詞如two, three等,也可以用some, a lot of 或many。

What are these?  They are keys.

an hours (X)   an hour

 

D 複數名詞的拼字與發音規則

拼字規則

1 大部分的名詞在字尾加s。

stamp-stamps, letter-letters, camera-cameras, ticket-tickets

 

2 當名詞字尾是s, ss, sh, ch, x, z時,則加es。

bus-buses, class-classes, dish-dishes, watch-watches, box-boxes

 

3 當名詞字尾為子音加y時,需將y去掉,加ies。

baby-babies, country-countries, city-cities, party-parties

day-days

 

4 有些名詞複數的變化是不規則的,需特別記住。

child-children, person-people, woman-women, mouse-mice

 

5 當名詞字尾為fe或f時,需將fe或f去掉,加ves。

wife-wives, life-lives, wolf-wolves, leaf-leaves

live (v) I have in Chungho.

life (n) We have difficult lives.

live (adj)  I like to watch live concerts.

有些名詞字尾為f,但是只要加s。

belief-beliefs, chief-chiefs, cliff-cliffs, roof-roofs

 

6 當名詞字尾為子音加o時,需加es。母音加o時,則只要加s即可。

這個規則有例外,不確定時最好查字典。有些字如zeros, zeroes兩者都可。

tomato-tomatoes, potato-potatoes, zoo-zoos, radio-radios

 

7 有些名詞複數的變化是不規則的,需特別記住。

child-children, person-people, woman-women, mouse-mice

 

8 有些字的單複數同型

one deer-two deer, one fist-two fish, one means-two means,

one series-two series, one species-two species

 

E 發音規則

1. 當名詞字尾是無聲子音如/k/, /p/, /t/,/θ/時,加s後,應讀做/s/。

book-books, lake-lakes, map-maps, student-students, month-months

 

2. 當名詞字尾是有聲子音如/r/, /n/, /l/,/d/等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。

car-cars, pen-pens, hole-holes, hand-hands, law, laws, day-days

 

3. 當名詞字尾為/s/, /z/, / ʃ /, / tʃ /, / dʒ /時,加s後,應讀做/ ɪz/。要注意的是,發音時看的是最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如place就是這一類。

bus-buses, house-houses, quiz-quizzes, dish-dishes, page-pages

 

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/,

/m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /,  / ɔɪ/,/ aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

1  battery _________   2 envelope ________    3 man ________   4 wallet _______

5 shop _________     6 brush ___________  7 leaf __________  8 day ________

9 choice ______  10 foot ______ 11 hamburger ________  12 person __________

 

1 batteries /z/  2 envelopes /s/   3 men  4 wallets 

5 shops /s/  6 brushes  / ɪz /  7 leaves /z/  8 days /z/

9 choices  / ɪz/  10 feet  , tooth- teeth  11 hamburgers /z/ 12 people

 

F Everyday Objects  

1 a wallet 皮夾  2 a purse 錢包  3 tissues 面紙 4 a smart phone 智慧型手機

5 a credit card 信用卡  6 an easy card 悠遊卡   7 a brush 梳子

8 earphones 耳機 9 a lip balm 護唇膏 10 hand cream 護手霜 11 clips 迴紋針

12 a mirror  鏡子  13 scissors  剪刀  14 a stapler  釘書機  15 a tape 膠帶

16 a correction tape  修正帶 17 an eraser 橡皮擦 18 eye drops 眼藥水

19 a USB flash drive 隨身碟 20. a mask  口罩

21 a power bank / portable battery charger 行動電源

 

A: What’s this?

B: It’s a wallet.

A: Is this your wallet?

B: No, it’s not. I think it’s Tom’s. Why don’t you ask him?

A: Okay. I’ll ask him.

 

A: What are these?

B: They’re clips.

A: Are these your clips?

B: No, they aren’t. I think they’re May’s. Why don’t you ask her?

A: Okay. I’ll ask her.

 

F. 人稱代名詞

主格 所有格 受格
第一人稱單數 I my me
第二人稱單數 you your you
第三人稱單數 he

she

it

his

her

its

him

her

it

第一人稱複數 we our us
第二人稱複數 you your you
第三人稱複數 they their them

 

I like my mother, and she likes me.

You like your mother, and she likes you.

He likes his mother, and she likes him.

She likes her mother, and she likes her.

It likes its mother, and it likes it.

We like our mother, and she likes us.

You like your mother, and she likes you.

They like their mother, and she likes them.

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