1 stay home
2 shop for clothes
3 go to the movies
4 play basketball
5 do yoga
6 listen to music
7 watch TV
8 eat a big dinner
9 chat with friends online
10 visit relatives
What do you usually do on weekends?
I usually stop for clothes, go to the movies, and eat a big dinner.
S + V1
What did you do last weekend?
I did yoga, listened to music, and chatted with friends online.
S + V2
F Simple Past 過去簡單式
I went home late last night.
He got up early this morning.
We lived in America for five years when I was a child.
My grandmother went to church every Sunday morning.
（一）過去簡單式一般動詞的句型為S ＋ V2(V2指的是動詞的過去式)
肯定句 S ＋ V2
I ate a big dinner last night.
Tina got married when she was 18.
否定句 s S ＋ did not + V1
They didn’t do their homework.
He didn’t sing at the KTV last weekend.
Yes/No questions Yes/No 問句 把助動詞did放在主詞前面造問句
Did ＋ S ＋ V1
Did you sleep well last night?
Did Tom have a good time?
WH questions WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞
WH did ＋ S ＋ V1
What time did you get up this morning?
Where did Linda go last weekend?
三、過去簡單式的副詞如：this morning, last night, yesterday morning, five years ago, in 2005…等。
時間說法：下面這些用法前面都不要加介系詞 at, on, in
yesterday 昨天 today今天 tomorrow明天
yesterday morning 昨天早上 this morning 今天早上 tomorrow morning 明天早上
yesterday afternoon 昨天下午 this afternoon 今天下午 tomorrow afternoon 明天下午
yesterday evening 昨天傍晚 this evening 今天傍晚 tomorrow evening 明天傍晚
last night 昨天晚上 tonight 今天晚上 tomorrow night 明天晚上
last Friday上週五 this Friday這星期五 next Friday下星期五
last week上星期 this week這星期 next week下星期
last January去年一月 this January今年一月 next January明年一月
last month上個月 this month這個月 next month下個月
last year去年 this year今年 next year明年
work-worked, help-helped, call-called, wash-washed
live-lived, die-died, dance-danced, smile-smiled
study-studied, cry-cried, worry-worried, copy-copied.
play-played, stay-stayed, enjoy-enjoyed, annoy-annoyed,
shop-shopped, plan-planned, tap-tapped, hop-hopped
1. 動詞字尾是無聲子音時，加ed後讀/ t /。無聲子音指的是除了/ t /之外的
/ k /, / f /, / s /, /ʃ /, / tʃ / 等。
cook-cooked, laugh-laughed, kiss-kissed, wash-washed, watch-watched
2. 動詞字尾是有聲子音或母音時，加ed後讀/d/。有聲子音指的是除了/ d /之外的
/ b /, /g /, / r /, / l /, / m /, / n /, / v / 等。
call-called, rain-rained, love-loved, play-played, try-tried
3. 動詞字尾的發音是/ t /, / d /的發音時，加ed後讀 /ɪd /。
want-wanted, need-needed, visit-visited, wait-waited
無聲子音(voiceless consonants)：/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,
有聲子音(voiced consonants)：/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/,
/r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/
母音：/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /,
/ɔɪ/, / aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /
Regular Verbs 規則動詞
1. clean 打掃 2. cook 做菜 3. exercise 運動 4. invite 邀請 5. listen 聽
6. need 需要 7. relax 放鬆 8. shop 購物 9. study 用功 10. talk 說話
11. visit 拜訪 12. wait 等待 13. walk 走路 14. watch 看 15. work 工作
/t/ 2 cooked 7 relaxed 8 shopped 10 talked 13 walked 14 watched 15 worked
/d/ 1 cleaned 3 exercised 5 listened 9 studied
/ɪd / 4 invited 6 needed 11 visited 12 waited
Irregular Verbs 不規則動詞
1. buy 買 – bought 2. come 來 – came 3. do 做 -did 4. eat 吃 -ate 5. feel 感覺 -felt
6. get 拿 – got 7. go 去 -went 8. have 有 – had 9. meet 碰面 -met 10. read 讀 – read
11. ride 騎 -rode 12. see 看 -saw 13. sit 坐 – sat 14. take 搭 -took 15. wear 穿 – wore
16. drink喝 – drank
1 What time did you get up? I got up at 7.30.
2 What time did you go to work/school? I went to work/school at 8.30.
3 How did you go to work/school? I rode a scooter.
4 What did you have for breakfast?
I had a sandwich and coffee. / I ate a sandwich and coffee. (X)
5 Where did you eat lunch? I ate lunch in the office. restaurant, cafeteria
6 What did you drink? I drank coffee, tea, water and beer.
7 How much did you spend? I spent $500.
8 Who did you talk to? I talked to my parents, my coworkers, and my friends.
9 What did you do in the evening? I went to the gym.
10 What time did you go to bed last night? I went to bed at 1 a.m.
12.00 am = midnight