潔西家基礎英文教室 第二課 Part B 現在簡單式一般動詞 Part C 現在簡單式 be動詞與一般動詞改否定 Part D 現在簡單式Yes/No 問句 Part E 工作

潔西覺得自己真的是太可怕了,一個自言自語狂耶。一個晚上沒睡覺,然後錄影片每隻都可以錄個二三十分鐘,合起來應該超過上課得時間了,不好意思,這裡面廢話有點多,不過也有些補充啦。睡不著的原因,有點懶得說了,說起來好長喔,把昨天的糗事放上來好了。開心地大笑是好的一天的開始。

 

昨天發生的事:

 

小姐,你東西掉了!好心的妹妹追上來,潔西才發現筆電包的拉鏈忘記拉,非常潔西。還有什麼其他東西掉嗎?不知,沒印象放了什麼。

 

中午去買了路由器,滑鼠,網路攝影機,無線網卡後,要離開前臨時想到又回去敗了機械式鍵盤。但是要刷卡時怎麼樣都找不到卡片,翻遍皮夾包包手機都沒有,還問電員說,你真的有還我信用卡嗎?店員說跟收據ㄧ起給你了啊!

 

急得要命找了又找,最後是在桌上找到,被潔西已經買了的東西蓋住,也就是說假如潔西沒再買鍵盤,信用卡就留在桌上了,雖然說也不一定會丟,好心的店員有看到的話應該會幫潔西收起來,但是還是覺得自己太誇張,上次在頂好也是信用卡放在刷悠遊卡的地方就開心回家了。

 

今天要去拿良民證,到警察局,五點零六分到,以為五點半關門,結果是五點就關了,不要嫌前一班公車太多人又等了十來分的車就來得及了。暈倒。

 

上課前又衝到東區Sogo附近買耳機,到了店家,五點打烊,見鬼了,也太早。又跑到明耀,店員說撤櫃了,再到誠品,哇,都高檔貨,買不起。潔西只是要個全罩擋噪音的耳機有這麼難嗎?

 

不死心,下課後又衝到光南,這次有先👀時間開到十點半。終於買到了。 All’s well that ends well. 皇天不負苦心人,辛苦的一天,連十公里的蛋都孵出大甲。Today is definitely not my day. 還好今天只剩幾小時就結束了。

 

十點起床到現在只吃了一個貝果,因為太趕了,餓死了啦!明天會更好,安慰自己中。

 

繼續補充,剛剛拆了耳機發現是大接頭,那手機跟電腦不就不能聽?看了說明書,有附小接頭啊,怎麼找都找不到,最後最後,發現原來人家是鎖在上面,轉下來就好 = =

 

然後回到家又找不到鑰匙,出門前明明衝回家拿了丟進去了啊?感恩老弟來開門,後來想說不會不見吧?還好在袋子的深處。

 

然後今天大早起床沒多久就把滿滿的一杯水倒在桌子上,亂七八糟的桌子有一堆發票,一堆藥,滑鼠,滑鼠墊,鬧鐘,行動電源,錢包,遙控器,插頭,手機,講義,髮圈,擦到快暈倒,後來又發現發票的痕跡印在白色桌子上,怎麼擦都擦不掉,連碧蓮都拿出來了,最後找到一罐老弟給的不知道什麼東西的清潔液總算消失了,潔西氣到都想換新桌面了。真的是起床起錯邊,今天要換方向睡,明天換另一邊起床,看會不會順利點啊。

 

要來去吃非常不配的大麥克配排骨湯了,耶!

 

繼續 drama ,剛剛要看影片,螢幕,螢幕沒有東西,水沒噴到螢幕,螢幕怎麼會壞掉呢?不會吧?沒訊號,啊,清的時候有動到電腦,線動到了吧?怎麼可是沒鬆掉啊,拔出來再接回去還不行,那重開機好了,耶,有了。

 

但是但是,無線滑鼠不能動,可惡,早上泡水壞掉了嗎?然後發現,啊,忘記插 USB 了,昨天換下來用筆電玩 LoL 美服雷了別人一場。插上USB 還是不能動,可惡,真的壞了?結果是開關忘記開。但是了還是不能動。氣死了,漢堡都冷了。然後還好今天有買新滑鼠,耶,立馬換,換了還是動不了,有這麼誇張?買到壞的滑鼠?結果再換回無線滑鼠,還是不行,可惡,再換一次有線滑鼠,忘記裝電池嗎?有線不是不用電池嗎?看說明插上就可以用啊,氣死了,換個 USB 槽看看,又過了一下,噫,上面說這按這裡安裝驅動程式,啊,就滑鼠就不能動,怎麼按?什麼跟什麼啦?把鍵盤拿起來按半天,也沒動靜,然後剛剛才發現,恩,那個無線鍵盤是配合無線滑鼠的鍵盤,沒插 USB 當然不能動XD 最後他就自己跑一跑驅動程式跑完了就可以動了啊,哈哈哈。

 

我才烤好的漢堡冷掉了啊 ,不過排骨湯熱好了,11:42分,終於可以吃到晚餐了啊QQ

 

一定要這麼曲折嗎?亂七八糟的房間吃飽飯起碼要整理個半個小時一個小時以上啊,吃飽才有力氣,無言的一天,吃飯去

 

吃飽飯,因為吃太飽看影片,然後開始想明天要上課的內容,想著想著翻了一堆書出來研究,不良嗜好,然後突然想到,啊,這星期上課的內容還沒有錄,真是心虛,就錄了起來,然後一說就停不了,真是恐怖,文章寫超長,自言自語習慣了,所以聊天就可以隨便就說一堆啊… 大家早安!

 

 

 

B Present Simple 現在簡單式   

I buy a clothes today. (X)  

I bought a T-shirt today.

I’m going to buy a T-shirt today. 

I buy clothes every month. 

 

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變

化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

 

一、現在簡單式的使用時機

1. 英文用現在簡單式用來表達重複進行的活動、習慣、嗜好。

I take a shower in the morning. / He plays basketball every weekend.

She takes a bus to school. / We don’t take the bus. We take the MRT.

2. 現在簡單式也用來表達事實、真理。

I’m a student. / He has two sons. / We love English.

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

sunrise   sunset

 

二、現在簡單式的句型

(ㄧ)一般動詞的句型為 S + V1 (V1指的是動詞的原形)

1. 肯定句    S  +     V1    (第三人稱單數動詞後要加s)

I          cook dinner every night.

My mother     cooks diner for me.

He/She/It      sleeps all the time.

 

2. 否定與問句需要有do或does這兩個助動詞來幫忙。在助動詞後面加not ,第三人稱單數主詞( he, she, it 或其他可以用這三個字代替的字)的動詞後面要用 doesn’t ,因為 doesn’t 這裡有第三人稱單數的 s 了,所以後面的動詞不可以再加 s ,要加原型動詞。 比方說 He speaks English. 他講英文。He doesn’t speak Spanish.  他不講西班牙文。

否定句     S   +    do not/does not    +    V1

I/You/We/They         do not/don’t              eat breakfast every day.

She/He/It           does not/doesn’t        like Japanese food.

brunch = breakfast + lunch  I don’t eat sashimi./salmon./ I like ramen.

 

3. Yes/No 問句 把助動詞放在主詞前面造問句

Do/Does   +   S    +  V1

Do                you       live with your parents?  Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

Does             Tom       speak English?   Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

Can you speak English?

Do you speak English? (polite)

Can she use knife and fork?    chopsticks

 

4. WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞,其他的部份

WH     do/does    +   S    +       V1

What time  do          you           finish work?       I finish work at 5.30.

Where     does        Linda          go to school?     She goes to Taiwan High School.

How       does        your father    like his job?     He loves it.

Why         do           you             study English?  Because it is useful.

 

三、現在簡單式副詞:every day, once a week, always, usually, often, never…等。

once a week, twice a month, three times a year

always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never

 

 

四、現在簡單式拼字與發音規則

英文在表達現在簡單式時,當主詞為第三人稱單數(任何可以用 he、she、it 代替的名詞)時,動詞後面要加s。加s的拼字與發音規則如下。

a. 拼字規則

1. 大部分的動詞在字尾加s。

talk-talks, learn-learns, read-reads, get-gets

2. 當動詞字尾是sh, ch, ss, x, z時,則加es。

wash-washes, watch-watches, kiss-kisses, fix-fixes, buzz-buzzes

3. 當動詞字尾為子音加y時,需將y去掉,加ies。

study-studies, cry-cries, fly-flies, try-tries

4. 當動詞字尾為母音 a, e, i, o, u 加y時,則只要加s,即可。

say-says, play-plays, pray-prays, pay-pays

5. 有幾個特別的變化需記住。

have-has, do-does, go-goes

Do you do exercise? / Do you exercise? / Do you do homework before dinner?

Have you a brother? (X) Do you have a brother? Have you got a brother?

Yes, I have a brother. / Yes, I’ve got a brother.

 

b. 發音規則

1. 當動詞字尾是無聲子音如/f/, /k/, /p/, /t/, 時,加s後,應讀做/s/。

laugh-laughs, cook-cooks, stop-stops, meet-meets

2. 當動詞字尾是有聲子音如/d/, /n/, /l/, /v/ 等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。

read-reads, learn-learns, sell-sells, live-lives, know-knows, see-sees

3. 當動詞字尾為/s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/, / dʒ /時,加s後,應讀做/ɪz/時。要注意的是,發音時看的是最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如dance就是這一類。

miss-misses, buzz-buzzes, wish-wishes, match-matches, judge-judges,

英文字母的母音(vowels)為a, e, i, o, u,其餘為子音(consonants)。

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/,

/r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, /ɪ/, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ / , / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /, / ɔɪ/

/ aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

1 speak _________________   2 do _________________         3 study _________________

4 read _________________     5  watch _________________   6 play _________________

7 kiss _________________      8 have _________________      9 eat _________________

10 close _________________

 

 

1 speaks /s/  2 does /z/  3 studies /z/  4 reads /z/  5 watches /ɪz/

6 plays /z/  7 kisses /ɪz/  8 has /z/  9 eats /s/  10 closes /ɪz/

 

 

Where are you from?  I am from Taipei.

Where do you come from? I come from Taipei.

Where are you come from? (X)   I am come from Taipei. (X)

Where in Taipei are you from?  Xinyi District, near Taipei City Hall MRT station

 

 

 

 

C Present Simple affirmatives and negatives practice 現在簡單式肯定句,否定句練習

記住現在簡單式可分為be動詞的句型跟一般動詞的句型。

a. be動詞句型:造否定句跟疑問句都要用be動詞,造否定句只要在be動詞後面加not即可。

b. 一般動詞句型:造否定句時跟疑問句時都需要助動詞do或does的幫忙。第三人稱單數he/she/it或任何可以用這三個代名詞代替時,用does。造否定句在does後面加not即可。

Make the following sentences opposite.

將下列句子改成相反的句子,肯定改否定,否定改肯定

I live in Taipei. – I don’t live in Taipei.

You are sad. – You aren’t sad.

She doesn’t play basketball. – She plays basketball.

They aren’t tired. – They’re tired.

題目

1. President Tsai speaks Japanese.

2. Beckham is Taiwanese.

3. My mother enjoys cooking.

4. My father has a car.

5. We’re tired and we want to go to bed.

6. Ben goes shopping in the night market.

7. They smoke and they drink.

8. Linda works at home because she has a computer.

9. He doesn’t go to bed early.

10. I’m not interested in English.

11. Tom isn’t happy because he doesn’t have a new car.

12. We don’t take the MRT to school.

13. She doesn’t want to get married.

14. We aren’t busy today because it isn’t a holiday.

15. They don’t work on weekends.

16. He doesn’t do exercise at home.

 

 

 

答案

1. President Tsai speaks Japanese.

Present Tsai doesn’t speak Japanese.

2. Beckham is Taiwanese.

Beckham isn’t Taiwanese.

Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie are married.

Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie aren’t married.

3. My mother enjoys cooking.

My mother doesn’t enjoy cooking.

4. My father has a car.

My father doesn’t have a car.

5. We’re tired and we want to go to bed.

We aren’t tired and we don’t want to go to bed.

6. Ben goes shopping in the night market.

Ben doesn’t go shopping in the night market.

7. They smoke and they drink.

They don’t smoke and they don’t drink.

8. Linda works at home because she has a computer.

Linda doesn’t work at home because she doesn’t have a computer.

9. He doesn’t go to bed early.

He goes to bed early.

10. I’m not interested in English.

I am interested in English.

11. Tom isn’t happy because he doesn’t have a new car.

Tom is happy because he has a new car.

12. We don’t take the MRT to school.

We take the MRT to school.

13. She doesn’t want to get married.

She wants to get married.

14. We aren’t busy today because it isn’t a holiday.

We are busy today because it is a holiday.

15. They don’t work on weekends.

They work on weekends.

16. He doesn’t do exercise at home.

He does exercise at home.

 

 

 

D Present Simple Questions

1. Do you sing in the shower? Yes, I do. I always sing in the shower.

2. Do you read the newspaper in the morning? No, I don’t. I read online news.

3. Do you study English in the morning? No, I don’t.

4. Do you exercise every day? No, I don’t. I never exercise. Because I’m too lazy.

5. Do you like the Internet? Yes, I love it. I use it every day. I can’t live without it.

6. Do you have a computer? Yes, I do. I have a laptop computer.

notebook computer, desktop computer, tablet computer – iPad

7. Do you have a cell phone? Yes, I do. I have an iPhone 6s Plus.

knock the wood, mobile phone, mobile games, smartphone, dumb phone

cell phone addict/addiction, cell phone overuse, phubber = phone + snub +er

8. Do you have two brothers? No, I don’t. I have two sisters.

older brother, younger brother

9. Do you walk to class? No, I don’t. I take the MRT.

10. Do you speak three languages? No, I don’t. I only speak Mandarin and English.

Chinese = dialect, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Hakka, Cantonese

11. Do you play online games? No, I don’t. I don’t like online games.

He is addicted to online games.

12. Do you work at night? Yes, I do. I sometimes work overtime. / work late

13. Do you work on weekends? No, I don’t. I work from Monday to Friday only.

I work from 9 to 5.

14. Do you work in Taipei? No, I don’t. I work in Chungho.

15. Do you live alone? No, I don’t. I live with my coworkers.

16. Do you live in the suburbs? Yes, I do. I live in Tucheng.

downtown, suburb, suburban area

17. Do both your parents work?

No. My father works, but my mother is a housewife.

18. Do you eat dinner with your family every day? Yes, I do. I’m very lucky.

19. Do you stay home on weekends? No, I don’t. I go to the movies.

What do you usually do on weekends?

What kind of movies do you like?

Who do you go to the movies with?

Where do you see the movies?

When do you go to the movies? I go to the movies when there’s a good one.

20. Do you get up before 7.00 A.M. on weekdays? Yes, I do. I get up at 6.00

 

 

 

E What do you do?  

   (What do you do for a living?)  What does your father do?

A: What do you do?

B: I’m a student. I study math. / Physical Education/ PE  I’m a full-time student.

A: Where do you go to school?

B: I go to National Taiwan University.

A: Wow! How do you like your classes?

B: I like them a lot.   I very like them. (X)  I’m very happy.

I love it. / I like it a lot. / I really like it.

A: Where does your father work?

B: He works in a restaurant. / He works at Tasty.

He works in a hospital. / He works at National Taiwan University.

A: What does he do?

B: He is a chef.  watch, ditch, switch, watch-swatch

ship, shop,  cook v/n  cooker – rice cooker

A: Oh? How does he like it?

B: He doesn’t really like it.

He doesn’t like it. / He hates it.

 

Job Questions

1 What do you do?  I’m an engineer./I’m a student./I’m a housewife./I’m retired.

an assistant, an accountant

2 Where do you work?  I work in a bank./I work at Taiwan Bank.

Where do you go to school?  I go to Taipei High School.

3 Do you like your job?  Yes, I like it very much. It’s interesting. / challenging

Do you like your classes? No, I don’t really like them. They’re boring.

4 How do you like your coworkers?  I like them. They’re easygoing.

How do you like your classmates? I love them. They’re friendly.

5 What time do you start work?  I start work at 9.00.

What time do you start school?  I start school at 7.30.

6 What time do you finish work?  I finish work at 5.30.

What time do you finish school?  I finish school at 4.10.

12.10, 12.05, 3.07, 15.30 military time  3.30 p.m. = 3.30 in the afternoon

7 How do you relax after work? I do yoga, read novels, and play online games.

How do you relax after school?  I use my smartphone to chat with friends, watch

YouTube videos and listen to music.

 

Jobs

1 actor 演員 actress 女演員   2 boss 老闆/你的上司  owner

3 businessman 商人 businesswoman  businessperson  PC= politically correct

waiter, waitress, server  4 cook/chef 廚師

5 dentist 牙醫   6 doctor 醫生   7 driver 司機  8 farmer 農夫  9 fisherman 漁夫

10 footballer 足球選手   12 hairdresser 美髮師  13 nurse 護士

14 mail carrier/postman 郵差  15 pilot 機師   16 police officer 警察  the police

18 pop singer 流行歌手  19 shop assistant 店員  20 shopkeeper 店主

21 singer 歌手  22 soldier 軍人  23 student 學生  24 taxi driver 計程車司機

25 teacher 老師  26 tourist guide 導遊   27 waiter/waitress/server 服務生

28 worker 勞工/工人  construction worker 建築工人 29 writer 作家  author

30 flight attendant 空服員  check-in agent 地勤

 

Adjectives

Think of one job for each adjective. Do your classmates agree?

1 easy 容易的     2 difficult 困難的   3 safe 安全的        4 dangerous 危險的

5 boring 無聊的   6 exciting 刺激的   7 relaxing 輕鬆的   8 stressful 有壓力的

A teacher has an easy job. / A teacher’s job is easy.

A doctor has a difficult job. / A doctor’s job is difficult.

A: I think a teacher has an easy job.

B: I agree with you. A teacher’s job is easy.    I think so. / I don’t think so.

C: I don’t really agree. A teacher’s job is stressful.

 

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