潔西家基礎英文教室 現在簡單式 be 與 星期,月份,日期

潔西家基礎英文教室 第一課 日常會話,星期,月份,日期,現在簡單式 be 第一個錄影帶上一篇放過,不過還是放在一起,全部有四支錄影帶,看過第一支的可以從第二個部分開始看

 

 

現在簡單式 Be 的句型: 主詞+Be+名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

  1. 肯定句

   主詞+現在式be動詞 +  名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

S  +  am/is/are  +  noun/adjective/preposition phrase

I          am                  a teacher.

You        are                  a student.

He         is                    thirsty.

She        is                    hungry.

It          is                    pretty.

We        are                   at home.

You       are                   in a good mood.

They      are                   on the bus.

 

  1. 否定句 : 英文句子改否定跟疑問時都需要助動詞,be本身就是助動詞。所以否定句只要在be後面加not。is與not可以縮寫成isn’t,are與not可以縮寫成aren’t。但是am跟not不可以縮寫。

S + am/is/are + not +           noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

I         am            not                a Japanese teacher.

You      are            not (aren’t)         busy.

He       is             not (isn’t)           in the living room.

She      is             not                 a model.

It        is             not                 new.

We       are            not                from Japan.

You      are            not                helpful.

They    are             not                over 18 years old.

 

 

  1. Yes/No 問句 : 英文句子疑問時要把助動詞放到主詞前面,be本身就是個助動詞。所以yes/no問句只要把be放在主詞前面就可以造問句

Am/Is/Are +        S       +   noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

Am                I               late?

Are              you              the only child?

Is                he               sick?

Is                she              friendly?

Is                it                broken?

Are              we               loud?

Are             you               American?

Are             they              engineers?

 

You are hungry?

 

  1. WH問句: 英文的疑問詞大致有what, where, when, why, who, how。把WH疑問詞放最前面再放be、主詞與其他部分就可造WH問句。

WH   be1 +  S  +   ( noun/ adjective / preposition phrase)

What 問什麼

What is your favorite color?   My favorite color is blue.

What is that on the table?    It is my new cell phone.

What day is it?              It’s Tuesday.

 

Where 問地點

Where am I?            You are in the hospital.

Where is your father?   He is in the bathroom.

Where are my books?    They are under the table.

 

When 問時間

When is your birthday?  It is on January 1st.

When is the party?   It is on Saturday.

When is the library open?  It is open at 9 a.m.

 

Why 問理由

Why are you so happy?  It is my birthday today.

Why is he late?  He overslept. (oversleep)

Why are they sleepy?  They got up early. (get)

 

Who問誰

Who is he?   He is my brother.

Who is Lisa?  She is the new assistant.

Who is in the bathroom? Tom is in the bathroom.

 

How 問如何

How are you? I am fine. Thank you.

How long is the movie?  It is about two hours.

How tall are you?  I’m 1 meter 65.  165 centimeters

 

特別Who 與 What 這兩個疑問詞可以當主詞,只要把be放在疑問詞後即可

Who is there?  That is my friend.

What is on the table?  It is Tom’s new toy.

 

 

 

E-a Complete with am, is, are

1 My last name _______ Chen.

2 We ________ from Hong Kong.

3 I ________ Joe.

4 You ________ in level 3.

5 The teacher ________ French.

6 Julie and Sam ______ in room 5.

 

E-b Write the sentences in negative

1 I’m Taiwanese. _______________________

2 They’re Japanese. __________________________

3 It’s Korean food. _____________________

4 He’s in the kitchen. __________________________

5 You’re busy. _________________________

6 We’re hungry. _______________________________

 

E-c Write the questions

1 teacher’s/what’s/your/name ?

2 in/we/level 2/are ?

3 from/your/are/where/parents ?

4 last/Lee/is/your/name ?

5 Japan/from/you/are ?

 

 

 

答案

 

E-a Complete with am, is, are

1 My last name is Chen.

2 We are from Hong Kong.

3 I am Joe.

4 You are in level 3.

5 The teacher is French.

6 Julie and Sam are in room 5.

 

E-b Write the sentences in negative

1 I’m Taiwanese. — I’m not Taiwanese.

2 They’re Japanese. — They’re not Japanese. / They aren’t Japanese.

3 It’s Korean food. — It’s not Korean food. / It isn’t Korean food.

4 He’s in the kitchen. — He’s not in the kitchen. / He isn’t in the kitchen.

5 You’re busy. — You’re not busy. / You aren’t busy.

6 We’re hungry. — We’re not hungry. / We aren’t hungry.

 

 

E-c Write the questions

1 teacher’s/what’s/your/name ? — What’s your teacher’s name?

2 in/we/level 2/are ? — Are we in level 2?

3 from/your/are/where/parents ? — Where are your parents from?

4 last/Lee/is/your/name ? — Is your last name Chen?

5 Japan/from/you/are ? — Are you from Japan?

 

 

潔西家基礎英文教室 第一課         https://jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

A Everyday Conversation

A-1

A: Could you pass the salt, please?

B: Sure. Here it is.

A: Thanks.

B: And the pepper?

A: No, thanks.

 

1 salt/pepper   2 sugar/milk   3 bread/butter   4 ketchup/mustard

 

A Everyday Conversation

everyday 形容詞, every day 副詞  I get up at 7:00 every day.

A-1

A: Could you pass the salt, please?  ( Could you turn on/turn off the air conditioner, please?)

B: Sure. Here it is. (Here you are. / There you go.)

A: Thanks.

B: And the pepper?  (pepper/paper)

A: No, thanks.

 

1 salt/pepper   2 sugar/milk   3 bread/butter   4 ketchup/mustard

 

A-2

A: Hi, A beer, please.

B: Uh, are you eighteen?

A: Yes, I am.

B: OK. Here you are.

A: Thanks. How much is that?

B: $2.15.

 

1 a beer/$2.15   2 a Scotch and soda/$3.50   3 a bourbon and water/$3.20  

4 a double Scotch and ice/$5.40

 

 

A-2

A: Hi, A beer, please.

B: Uh, are you eighteen?

A: Yes, I am.   (Could you show me your ID/driver’s license, please?)

B: OK. Here you are.

A: Thanks. How much is that?

B: $2.15. (two dollars fifteen cents / two fifteen)

 

1 a beer/$2.15   2 a Scotch and soda/$3.50   3 a bourbon and water/$3.20  

4 a double Scotch and ice/$5.40    espresso : single, double

 

fifty/fifteen  50/15

13/30, 14/40, 15/50, 16/60, 17/70, 18/80, 19/90

thirteen/thirty, fourteen/forty, fifteen/fifty, sixteen/sixty, seventeen/seventy, eighteen/eighty, nineteen/ninety

 

How much is this cell phone?  It’s NT$20,000. (two thousand NT dollars)

How much are those glasses? They’re $7,500. (seven thousand five hundred dollars)

 

this, that, these, those

 

 

 

 

B Conversation Monday morning

A: It’s Monday morning … again!

B: Do you get up early on weekdays?

A: Yes, I do. I get up at 5:30 a.m.

B: Wow! That is early!  (late)

A: And I study all morning and afternoon.

B: Do you study in the evenings, too?

A: No, I don’t. I cook dinner, exercise, and go to bed late, after midnight.

B: That’s not good. What about on weekends?

A: On weekends, I sleep!

 

 

S + V1

I watch Korean dramas, go swimming, and do yoga.

I watch Korean dramas, American TV series, and YouTube videos.

 

That sounds good. / That sounds great. / That sounds terrible.

 

go to bed late / stay up late 晚睡  stay up all night  熬夜

sleep late / sleep in  晚起

 

 

7:00 am, 8 am, 12:00 pm = noon = midday, 1 pm, 2 pm, 11 pm, 12:00 midnight

 

days of the week

weekdays [ˋwik͵de] 平日:

Monday [ˋmʌnde] 星期一

Tuesday [ˋtjuzde] 星期二

Wednesday [ˋwɛnzde] 星期三

Thursday [ˋθɝzde] 星期四

Friday [ˋfraɪ͵de] 星期五

 

weekend [ˋwikˋɛnd] 週末:

Saturday [ˋsætɚde] 星期六

Sunday [ˋsʌnde] 星期天

 

weeknights [ˋwiknaɪt] 平日的晚上

Monday night

Thursday night

 

What day is today?  It’s Wednesday.

 

 

 

C Months and ordinal numbers

1 January /’dʒænjuˈɛrɪ/ 一月

2 February /’fɛbruˈɛrɪ/ 二月

3 March /mɑrtʃ/ 三月

4 April /’eprəl/ 四月

5 May /me/ 五月

6 June  /dʒun/ 六月

7 July /dʒu’laɪ/ 七月

8 August /ɔ’gʌst/  八月

9 September/sɛp’tɛmbɚ/ 九月

10 October/ɑk’tobɚ/ 十月

11 November/no’vɛmbɚ/ 十一月

12 December/dɪ’sɛmbɚ/十二月

 

What day is today? It’s Monday.

What date is today? What’s today’s date? It’s June 1st.  / It’s September 12th.

 

I live on the first floor.  I live on the second floor.

It’s September the 12th.

 

C Ordinal numbers 序數

1st: first [fɝst]

2nd: second [ˋsɛkənd ]

3rd: third [θɝd]

4th: fourth [forθ]

5th: fifth [fɪfθ]

6th: sixth [sɪksθ]

7th: seventh [ˋsɛvnθ]

8th: eighth [etθ]

9th: ninth [naɪnθ]

10th: tenth [tɛnθ]

11th: eleventh [ɪˋlɛvnθ]

12th: twelfth [twɛlfθ]

13th: thirteenth [ˋθɝtinθ]

14th: fourteenth  [ˋforˋtinθ]

15th: fifteenth [ˋfɪfˋtinθ]

16th: sixteenth [ˋsɪksˋtinθ]

17th: seventeenth [͵sɛvnˋtinθ]

18th: eighteenth [ˋeˋtinθ]

19th: nineteenth [ˋnaɪnˋtinθ]

20th: twentieth [ˋtwɛntɪəθ]

21st: twenty-first [͵twɛntɪˋfɝst]

22nd: twenty-second

23rd: twenty-third

24th: twenty-fourth

25th: twenty-fifth

26th: twenty-sixth

27th: twenty-seventh

28th: twenty-eighth

29th: twenty-ninth

30th: thirtieth [ˋθɝtɪəθ]

31st: thirty-first

 

A: When is your birthday?

B: It’s on December 21st, 1985. nineteen eighty-five

 

1963, 1988

 

2000, 2001, 2002, 2010, 2016

 

Birthday Survey

names            birthdays

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

 

D Favorites

1 What’s your favorite day of the week? I like Saturday best because I can stay up late.

2 What’s your favorite month of the year? My favorite month is December because of Christmas.

3 What’s your favorite season? I like fall because the weather is nice.  Spring, summer, fall, winter

4 What’s your favorite color?

I like pink and yellow. My favorite color is pink. My favorite colors are pink and yellow.

5 What’s your favorite festival? I like Moon Festival because we always have a barbecue.

Moon cake, pomelos

 

 

 

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