this, these, that, those, it, Can/Could/May I ….? Can/Could you…? 的用法

這都算簡單又實用的文法,不過簡單歸簡單,還是不少人會弄錯,尤其是this, that, these, those 的發音多練習一下喔。昨天整理的講義,想說放上來,程度比較基礎或想複習的人可以參考一下:)
潔西今天重回戰場,備課備很久,因為不一樣的課本,所以很多東西自己都重新整理過比較有概念。上星期弄了一個星期,昨天寫了一天的講義,有點睡眠不足,一早起來衝去上課,還好沒遲到,不過剛開始的基礎課程只有一個學生,兩個,最後第一堂課來了六個人,上的還挺開心的。潔西本來就是上課 high 型的。同學也都相當配合,真的很感激。
上第二堂課初級會話的時候有嚇到,只有一個人,最後也只有再來一個人,所以是一對二。啊!上星期的課好像還有七八個人的樣子。聽說大家好像都會跟老師的樣子,恩,那也沒辦法。不過兩個人還是可以上得很開心。不過補習班不會太開心,因為不符合成本吧。真的沒人的話會被關班,不過星期天上課真的是要很有毅力啊!下星期有個同學請假,所以希望下星期不要只剩一個人上課啊!
不過學生反應還算不錯,自我安慰中,要請假的學生請潔西幫他留講義。然後剛剛上去系統看,這補習班上完課學生可以給評價的樣子,八個人上課,有三個人給正評,其他沒有留,還好沒有負評,乎,好險。
好累喔,今天上完接著去上日文課,不錯的老師,講話超快就是了,潔西還沒從英文轉過來,教的東西不少,頗有條理,大家有蠻多發言的機會,老師也會提醒糾正,只是潔西今天精神超不濟,因為睡眠不足。坐捷運跟公車回家都差點睡過頭。
因為一早上課,又接著上日文,回到家四點多發現,啊,餓慘了。完全都沒吃,挖出昨天吃剩炒飯,吃完就昏迷過去了,睡到快八點起來,摸摸摸,再吃點東西,又想睡了。太早睡不小心又太早起,所以繼續發廢文,哈哈。下面也有練習題可以做做看喔。
潔西要繼續睡覺去了,怎麼怎麼睡都睡不飽啊。晚安:)
A this, these, that, those
1 this 這,單數; these 這些,複數
a 用來介紹或辨別(identify)人
Tom, this is Jenny.
These are my brothers, Mike and Alan.
b 用來表達靠近你的人或事
This is really good coffee.
These are the books I borrowed from the library.
c 用在電話中對話的開始
Hello. This is Stacy. Can I speak to Jane, please?
Ken, this is James. How are you?
2 that 那,單數; those,那些,複數
a 用來表達離你比較遠一點的人或事
This is my pen, and that is Bill’s pen over there.
Those are expensive shoes, but these shoes are cheap.
b 用來確認一個人的身份當你沒看到那個人的時候(電話,敲門,電鈴…)
Is that you, David?
Hi, is that Lucy?
3 可以用 this, that, these, those 來回應別人說過的話, that 是最常用的。
‘Coffee?’ ‘ That’s a good idea.’
‘Is that the London train?’ ‘Yes, that’s right.
‘I’ve got a new job!’ ‘That’s fantastic!’
B It
It的各種用法
a 用來表達時間跟日期
What time is it? It’s two o’clock. / It’s nine twenty.
What day is it today? It’s Sunday. / It’s the first of January.
b 用來表達天氣
It’s very cold. / It’s very hot and humid in summer in Taiwan.
I think it’s going to rain.
c 用it + since 來表示從上次到現在是多久的時間
It’s two weeks since I washed the car.
It’s a long time since you last had dinner with me.
d 用 it + 形容詞 + …ing/to+V1 來表達一般的想法,意見
It’s great living in Tainan. / It’s dangerous driving fast at night.
It’s easy for anyone to make a mistake. / It’s not safe to go out at night.
e 用 it + (that) … 來表達意見
It’s great that you passed your exams.
It’s a good thing that you speak English.
f 用 Who is it? 來問某個人是誰?
‘Who’s that over there?’ ‘It’s Steven.’
g 用 it takes 來表花多少時間
‘How long does it take to get to Taipei?’ ‘It takes an hour by train.’
(潔西注:很多人都會說I take an hour by train. (X) 人的話會說 I spend…。但是通常這樣的問法固定就會回答 It takes….真的很常聽到學生說錯,要記住啊!)
C 請求 Requests
1 用 can, could, may 來做請求(request)。may最正式, could 比can 更客氣
Can I have a menu, please?
Could I have a sandwich?
May I ask you question?
2 用can, could, may 來請求允許(permission)
Can I sit here?
Could I look at your newspaper?
May I use your cell phone?
3 要求某人做某事
Can you lend me some money?
Could you help me?了。
練習
a
把下面句子填入正確的回答中
That’s a lot. / That’s all right. / That’s why you’re tired. / That’s great.
1 A: I’m sorry I broke your cup. B: _______________________.
2 A: These boots cost $900. B: _____________________.
3 A: We’re getting married. B: ____________________.
4 A: We danced all night. B: _____________________.
b 在格子內填入 this, that, these, those
1
A: Bill, ___________ is Wolfgang. (電話中)
B: Oh! Are you German?
A: Yes, ___________’s right.
2
A: I’m going to Greece on holiday.
B: __________’s nice.
3
A :Is __________ Jane? (電話中)
B: Yes, speaking. Who’s ___________?
A: _________ is Tom from next door.
4
A: Where are my shoes?
B: Are ___________ your shoes over there?
c 用下面句子完成對話
I didn’t like it very much on the plane.
It was a very long journey.
It’s four o’clock in the morning.
Was it very uncomfortable?
Eight o’clock.
I didn’t know it was so late.
It’s really nice to hear from you.
A: Did you have a god journey?
B: Not really. ___________________________.
A: Why not? __________________________.
B: No, it was comfortable, but _____________________.
A: What time is it over there?
B: ______________________. Why?
A: Well _______________________ here in Singapore.
B: Oh, I’m sorry. ______________________.
A: Don’t worry. ______________________.
d What request can you make in these places? 你可以在下面這些地方做什麼請求?
1 a bank 2 a garage 3 a post office 4 a hairdresser’s 5 a florist’s 6 a hotel
Find one request for each place. 每個地方用一個句子來做請求
Can have a room with a shower?
Could I cut my hair very short?
May change some money for me?
Can you repair my car today?
Could have a stamp, please
Can I have ten roses, please?
就是用 Can/Could/May I 或 Can/Could you 加上後面的句子來做請求。
比方說
1 a bank : Can you change some money for me?
2 a garage:
3 a post office:
4 a hairdresser’s:
5 a florist’s:
6 a hotel:
答案在下面,可以先練習看看再去看答案喔
a
把下面句子填入正確的回答中
1 A: I’m sorry I broke your cup. B: That’s all right.
2 A: These boots cost $900. B: That’s a lot.
3 A: We’re getting married. B: That’s great.
4 A: We danced all night. B: That’s why you’re tired.
b 在格子內填入 this, that, these, those
1
A: Bill, this is Wolfgang. (電話中)
B: Oh! Are you German?
A: Yes, that’s right.
2
A: I’m going to Greece on holiday.
B: That’s nice.
3
A :Is that Jane? (電話中)
B: Yes, speaking. Who’s that?
A: This is Tom from next door.
4
A: Where are my shoes?
B: Are those your shoes over there?
c 用下面句子完成對話
A: Did you have a good journey?
B: Not really. I didn’t like it very much on the plane.
A: Why not? Was it very uncomfortable?
B: No, it was comfortable, but It was a very long journey.
A: What time is it over there?
B: Eight o’clock Why?
A: Well it’s four o’clock in the morning here in Singapore.
B: Oh, I’m sorry.I didn’t know it was so late.
A: Don’t worry. It’s really nice to hear from you.
d What request can you make in these places? 你可以在下面這些地方做什麼請求?
1 a bank : Can you change some money for me?
2 a garage: Could you repair my car today?
3 a post office: May I have a stamp, please?
4 a hairdresser’s: Could you cut my hair very short?
5 a florist’s: Can I have ten roses, please?
6 a hotel: Could I have a room with a shower?
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