學生常犯錯誤二

星期二下午,無聊嗎?試試看,你在說英文,寫英文的時候是不是也跟別人犯了同樣的錯誤呢?

 

下面句子請判斷每一句是正確的還是錯誤的,錯誤的請改正。有對也有錯喔,不是每一題都對,也不是每一題都錯,錯誤可能不止一個喔:)

1. I very like apple.

2. He really likes coffee.

3. They like action movie a lot.

4. I bought a new clothes yesterday.

5. My mother is a good cooker.

6. My wife is a housekeeper.

7. He is engineer.

8. I shopping everyday.

9. He call me every day.

10. Don’t let the problems of everyday life get you down.

 

 

 

 

不要偷看答案啦,全部都寫完再一起看。先對答案再一一講解

1. I very like apple.   (X)  I like apples very much. / I really like apples.  / I like apples a lot.

2. He really likes coffee. (O)

3. They like action movie a lot. (X) They like action movies a lot.

4. I bought a new clothes yesterday. (X) I bought some new clothes yesterday. / I bought a new T-shirt yesterday. / I bought new jeans yesterday.

5. My mother is a good cooker. (X) My mother is a good cook.

6. My wife is a housekeeper.  (O)

7. He is engineer. (X)  He is an engineer.

8. I shopping everyday. (X) I go shopping every day. / I shop every day.

9. He call me every day. (X) He calls me every day.

10. Don’t let the problems of everyday life get you down. (O)

 

呵呵,對了幾題呢?十題嗎?恭喜恭喜!這些都是基礎文法喔,雖然都是小地方,也不難,但是常常聽到學生說錯,基本的東西要學得扎實,給別人的印象也會比較好喔:)

 

 

解說一下

1. I very like apple. (X) I like apples very much. / I really like apples. / I like apples a lot.

2. He really likes coffee. (O)

3. They like action movie a lot. (X) They like action movies a lot.

4. I bought a new clothes yesterday. (X) I bought some new clothes yesterday. / I bought a new T-shirt yesterday. / I bought new jeans yesterday.

 

a. 很喜歡某樣東西的英文怎麼說?

很喜歡,非常喜歡在英文不可以用 very like,但是可以用really like或like … very much或 like … a lot.

中文說我很喜歡蘋果,英文可以用下面說法,但是不要用潔西常聽到的那個錯的喔:)

I really like apples. / I like apples very much. / I like apples  a lot.

 

 

b. 什麼時候用單數?什麼時候用複數?

英文的名詞分可數不可數,不可數永遠是單數,可數的話只有一個的時候前面要加a, the, this, my 等限定詞,複數的話後面要加s。代表整體時可數名詞需要用複數,不可數名詞前面不可以加a,後面也不可以加s,所以就用原本的字不變。

我喜歡蘋果,他們喜歡動作片,我喜歡咖啡,光靠中文看不出來名詞的單複數,但是英文每一個名詞都可以分為可數不可數,所以要先弄清楚這個名詞是可數還是不可數,用來表示整體時,可數名詞要用複數,不可數就用該單字。

可數名詞:I like apples. I like action movies. I like game shows. I like pandas.

不可數名詞: I like coffee. I like classical music. I like fresh air. I like basketball.

 

 

c. 我買一件衣服怎麼說?

clothes 這個字是複數,人們身上穿的衣服,念做/cloz/絕對不要看到es就把字尾念/ɪz/是錯誤的發音,也不能說 a cloth ,這也是錯的。cloth 是布的意思,本身不可數,clothes 是複數,表示衣服,clothing 衣物,不可數,特定的衣物,服飾,服飾店就叫clothing store。所以買一件衣服時通常會直接說買的衣服。

I bought a shirt. 我買一件襯衫。

I bought jeans. / I bought a pair of jeans. 牛仔褲jeans在英文是複數的所以用jeans,也可以用a pair of jeans。

I bought some clothes. 我買了一些衣服。

 

 

解說

5. My mother is a good cooker. (X) My mother is a good cook.

6. My wife is a housekeeper. (O)

7. He is engineer. (X) He is an engineer.

 

 

d. 我媽很會做菜怎麼說?

潔西常聽到同學說My mother is a cooker. (X) 我媽是個好鍋子,你媽應該很想K你,居然說她是個鍋子。很多人都覺得teach是教,teacher老師,sing是唱歌,singer是歌手,dance是跳舞,dancer是舞者,以此類推,不對啊,不是所以都可以這樣用。cook是做菜,但是廚師也是cook喔,另外也可以用chef,chef一般是說大廚,而且這個字是法文過來的,所以要念 [ʃɛf] ,ch會念做一般sh的音,比方說ship的sh,安靜的噓那個音,不可以念做much的ch的音,超多人念錯的啊。

My mother is a good cook. / My mother is a good chef. 我媽是個好廚師。感覺上工作可能是在餐廳的廚師。

My mother cooks well. 我媽很會做菜。用這樣就可以表達了:)

 

 

e. 我老婆是家庭主婦怎麼說?

除非你老婆是在飯店做客房服務打掃的,或去人家家裡幫人家打掃的幫傭。不然麻煩你不要說My wife is a housekeepr. 喔。housekeeper是飯店客房部,打掃客房的人員,或者是去有錢人家裡幫忙打掃的幫傭,管家等等。不要說錯了喔。

My wife is a housewife. / My wife is a homemaker. 我老婆是家庭主婦。第二個homemaker是美式用法。

 

 

f. 他是工程師。

其實潔西本來要說我是工程師,阿,真的,很多工程師都說 I’m engineer. (X) I’m a engieer. (X) 聽很多,但是怕被工程師打,哈哈,說錯沒關係,下次說對就好了。英文表示職業時,因為職業通常可數,所以前面要加個 a 或 an。一些像是會計 accountant, 助理 assistant, 工程師 enginner 等母音開頭的職業不要忘記前面要加冠詞 an 。中文可以說我是學生。英文不可以說 I am student. (X) 切記切記,工作前面只有一個工作要加 a 或 an 喔:)

He is an engineer. 他是工程師。 I am a student. 我是學生。 I am an English teacher. 我是英文老師。

 

 

解說

8. I shopping everyday. (X) I go shopping every day. / I shop every day.

9. He call me every day. (X) He calls me every day.

10. Don’t let the problems of everyday life get you down. (O)

 

 

g. everyday 跟 every day 一樣嗎?

不一樣啊,考試也還挺喜歡考,主要是詞性不同,用法也不同。

everyday 一個字,形容詞,每天的,日常的  everyday chores 每天的瑣事。只可以放在名詞前面修飾名詞。

every day 兩個字組合的片語,是個副詞,每天的,通常放句尾。 I get up at noon every day. 我每天中午起床。頹廢的潔西啊XD

 

 

h. 逛街怎麼說啊?

逛街的動詞可以用 go shopping 或 shop,但是不可以直接用shopping,也有人會用go to shopping也是錯。假如是只看不買可以用 window shopping

I go shopping every day. / I shop every day. 我每天逛街。怎麼這麼閑啊XD

 

 

i. 他每天打電話給我怎麼說?

這題很簡單啦,只是要考第三人稱單數的he/she/it後面的動詞要加s。同學最會忘的,因為中文沒有什麼動詞加s的麻煩規則,記一下囉:)

He calls me every day. / He gives me a call every day.

 

j. 日常生活怎麼說?

everyday life 就可以了。所以這句 Don’t let the problems of everyday life get you down. 不要讓日常生活的問題讓你不開心。就是潔西跟自己說的。

 

 

潔西真的很容易受周遭事物影響,在某個層面上,有好有壞,容易開心也容易不開心。You have to take the good with the bad. 好的壞的通通要接收啊。自己個性如此也就是這樣了,好好的調整一下。

 

昨天又寫了安眠藥文啊,早上起來看到,暈倒,我什麼時候寫了一大篇文章,完完全全沒印想,唉。不過說出來真的好多了,睡了一場覺,起來第一件事居然是掉眼淚,通常睡前掉眼淚,很少一起床掉眼淚的,真的是暈倒,算了,不要想,再睡再睡,所以今天睡到中午,睡超飽,心情好一點。不看中文新聞,偷偷去聽英文新聞,聽到NPR News裡面說到馬來西亞首相對家屬宣布壞消息時,家屬們大哭,暈倒,救護車的聲音,尖叫,咆哮聲,對攝影記者大吼,不準他們拍照等等,聽到描速的太好的記者說的,潔西眼淚又掉下來,立馬關掉新聞。逃避一下現實。其實就像潔西昨天跟老弟說的,推測,還沒法完全證實真的掉到海裡,因為還沒有找到殘骸,但是其實大家也都心知肚明這麼久了,應該沒什麼希望,但這一宣布,把家屬的僅存的希望也滅絕了。唉。

 

原本寫完要去曬太陽,走走運動運動,但是太會摸,太陽又下山,要去上課了,啊!!!!來不及檢查,有錯再告知,感恩。那個哪裡好玩哪裡去就明天或晚點再說囉:)

 

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7 thoughts on “學生常犯錯誤二

  1. jedy wei says:

    Hi jessie,

    I have a question about “housekeeper" and “housewife". If my wife looked after our house rather than going out to work, would she be a housewife or housekeeper?

  2. jedy wei says:

    The answer you put after questions is
    6. My wife is a housekeeper. (O)

    The explanation (e) 我老婆是家庭主婦怎麼說? is correct.
    The last mail I sent you because I didn’t read the explanation. I feel sorry for disturbing you.

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