E4B L12 Unit 14 Have you ever

結果發現很多檔案都不見的話,麻煩跟潔西聯絡。

 

 

E4B L12 Unit 14 Have you ever?                  Jess Lin      P.1

                                   jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

國家,經驗

句型重點

現在完成式與過去簡單式

  1. A.  Warm-up Questions
  2. What’s the most beautiful country in the world? I think Taiwan is the most beautiful country in the world.
  3. Which country do you think it the most dangerous? I’m not so sure. The United States seems very dangerous to me because it’s legal for people own guns.
  4. Which country has the best food?  Of course Taiwan has the best food.
  5. Which country has the most handsome men? I guess Italy has the most handsome men.
  6. Which country has the most beautiful women? In my opinion, Japan has the most beautiful women.
  7. Which country would you like to visit? Why? I would like to visit French because I heard it’s a very romantic country.

 

B. Flags

A: Which country’s flag is this?

B: I think it’s Thailand’s flag.

A: Have you ever been to Thailand?

for yes   B: Yes, I’ve been to Thailand.

A: What’s Thailand like?

B: It’s a shopping heaven and the water activities were great!

for no    B: No, I haven’t been to Thailand.

A: Would you like to visit Thailand someday?

B: Yes, I’d like to visit Thailand. It’s an interesting country.

No, I wouldn’t like to visit Thailand. It’s too hot for me.

C. for, since

現在完成式可表達一件在過去開始一直持續到現在的事。常與since, for連用。

I have taught English for ten years.

Julie has lived in New York since 1995. (since she was five.)

for + a period of time一段時間 (five hours, ten days, a week, a long time)

since + a time spot一個時間點(9.00, this morning, last month, five days ago)

E4B L12 Unit 14 Have you ever?                  Jess Lin      P.2

D. Continents and Countries

North America

Canada

the U.S

Mexico

Europe

the U.K.

France

Germany

Spain

Italy

Asia

Taiwan, Malaysia

China, India

Japan, Korea

Thailand, Singapore

the Philippines

South America

Brazil

Argentina

Chile

Peru

Colombia

Africa

South Africa

Egypt

Kenya

Ethiopia

Zimbabwe

Australia

Australia

New Zealand

Antarctica

E. 現在簡單式、過去簡單式、現在完成式

比較這三個句子    I go to Japan on business every month.

I went to Japan last month.

I have been to Japan twice.

一、現在簡單式主要用來表達事實跟習慣。所以第一句”我每個月去日本出差”是一個習慣,要用簡單式,句型是 S + V1(動詞原型)

二、過去簡單式表示過去某個特定時間發生的事或動作,所以第二句”我上個月去日本”是過去發生的單一事件,用過去式,句型是 S + V2 (動詞過去式)

三、現在完成式可用來表達經驗,表示從過去到現在曾經(或未曾)做過某件事,強調的經驗,而非動作發生時間。句型為 S + have + V3 (動詞過去分詞)

F.  already, yet, and just

現在完成式常與already跟yet這兩個副詞連用。

already用於肯定句,放在have跟過去分詞之間,也可放句尾,表事件已經發生。yet用於否定句,放在句尾,或放在have not跟過去分詞之間,表事件尚未發生。yet用於問句,一般放句尾,表示想知道是否事件發生了。

just 用在過去式,表示剛做過某件事。

Have you eaten lunch yet?

Yes, I’ve already eaten lunch.  I just ate lunch before I came here.

No, I haven’t eaten lunch yet.

E4B American Headway 1 L12 Unit 14 Have you ever?  Jess Lin     P.3

G. 現在完成式  Present Perfect

一、未來式的使用時機

1. 英文用現在完成式用來表達過去曾經發生(或未發生)在不確定時間的事件。重要的是經驗或該事件與現在的關係,時間並不重要。多與ever, never, already, yet, still, just 等副詞連用。

I have moved to a new apartment.

She has never seen snow.

2. 現在完成式也用來表達過去重複的活動,實際發生的時間並不重要。

常與次數(times), since, so far…等副詞連用。

I have met many nice people since I came to Taiwan.

He has been to Japan three times.

3. 現在完成式也用來表達一件在過去開始一直持續到現在的事件。

常與since與for連用。

I have taught English for ten years.

Jack has lived in New York since he was five.

 

二、現在完成式的句型為主詞+have/has

肯定句句型為S + have/has + V3 (V3指的是動詞的第三態,過去分詞)

肯定句                   S  +   have/has + V3

I        have     seen the movie.

My mother      has      been to Canada.

否定與問句需要有have或has這兩個助動詞來幫忙。否定句在助動詞後面加not

否定句                  S   +   have/has not    +   V3

They       have not        seen the movie.

He         has not         been to Canada.

Yes/No 問句把助動詞have/has放在主詞前面造問句

Have/Has  +   S    +  V

Have        you       seen the movie?

Has         Tom       been to Canada?

WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞

WH       have/has    +   S    +   V3

Where      have          you         been?

How long    has          May         studied English?

三、現在簡單式的副詞如:never, ever, already, yet, so far, lately, this week, recently, these days, for, since…等。

 

E4B American Headway 1 L12 Unit 14 Have you ever?  Jess Lin     P.4

原型V1 過去式V2 過去分詞V3 現在分詞V-ing
1. be 是

2. buy 買

3. come 來

4. do 做

5. drink 喝

6. drive 開車

7. eat 吃

8. find 找

9. fly 飛

10. forget忘記

11. get 拿

12. give 給

13. go 去

14. have 有

15. know 知道

16. leave 離開

17. lose 輸,遺失

18. make  做

19. meet 碰面

20. quit戒,辭職

21. read 閱讀

22. ride 騎

23. run 跑

24. see 看

25. sell 賣

26. sing 唱歌

27. sit 坐

28. sleep 睡

29. speak 說

30. spend 花費

31. swim 游泳

32. take 拿

33. think 想

34. wear 穿

35. win 贏

36. write 寫

was/were

bought

came

did

drank

drove

ate

found

flew

forgot

got

gave

went

had

knew

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

rode

ran

saw

sold

sang

sat

slept

spoke

spent

swam

took

thought

wore

won

wrote

been

bought

come

done

drunk

driven

eaten

found

flown

forgotten

gotten

given

gone

had

known

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

ridden

run

seen

sold

sung

sat

slept

spoken

spent

swum

taken

thought

worn

won

written

being

buying

coming

doing

drinking

driving

eating

finding

flying

forgetting

getting

giving

going

having

knowing

leaving

losing

making

meeting

quitting

reading

riding

running

seeing

selling

singing

sitting

sleeping

speaking

spending

swimming

taking

thinking

wearing

winning

writing

 

E4B L12 Unit 14 Have you ever?                  Jess Lin      P.5

H. Present Perfect Questions

1. Have you eaten dinner/lunch/breakfast? What did you eat?

Yes, I have eaten dinner. I had beef noodles.

2. Have you ever lost anything important? What did you lose?

Yes, I’ve lost something important. I’ve lost my wallet.

3. Have you ever bought your mother a gift? What did you buy?

Yes, I’ve bought my mother a gift. I bought her a necklace.

4. Have you ever won a lottery? How much did you win?

Yes, I have. I won around five hundred dollars.

5. Have you ever had a pet? What did you have?  Yes, I have had a pet. I had two dogs and a fish when I was in elementary school.

6. Have you ever rented a car or a bike? Where did you rent it?

Yes, I’ve rented a car many times. I rented it in Tamsui.

7. Have you taken a trip to Green Island? When did you go there?

Yes, I’ve taken a trip to Green Island. I went there in 1998.

8. Have you ever eaten Thai food? How did you like it?

Yes, I’ve eaten Thai food. I love it.

9. Have you ever seen a Japanese movie? How did you like it?

Yes, I’ve seen many Japanese movies. I like some of them, not all.

10. Have you ever made someone cry? What happened? Yes, I’ve made someone cry. My ex-boyfriend cried when I told him I wanted to break up with him.

11. Have you ever done a stranger a favor? What did you do?

Yes, I’ve done a stranger a favor. I told him the directions.

12. Have you ever had red wine? How did you like it? Yes, I’ve had red wine, white wine, and sparkling wine. I don’t like red wine. I like sparkling wine better.

13. Have you bought anything at 7-11 today? What did you buy?

Yes, I’ve bought something at 7-11 today. I bought a drink and a sandwich.

14. Have you seen a movie this month? What did you see?

No, I haven’t seen a movie this month. I have been very busy.

15. Have you ever been to a wedding? Whose wedding was it? Yes, I’ve been to many weddings. I went to my friends’, coworkers’, and relatives’ weddings.

16. How long have you had your current hair style?

I’ve had this hair style for more than one year.

17. How long have you lived in Taipei? I’ve lived in Taipei since I was born.

18. How long have you studied in this school? I’ve studied here for 6 months.

19. How long have you known your best friend? I’ve known her since college.

20. How have you felt this week? I’ve felt down because I don’t like rainy days.

 

E4B L12 Unit 14 Have you ever?                  Jess Lin      P.6

I. 現在完成式與過去簡單式的比較

1. 用現在完成式來表達生活中的經驗。 Have you ever been to Japan?

2. 用過去簡單式來說明某件事發生確切時間。I went to Japan last year.

問經驗的時候會先用現在完成式來問,回答也用現在完成式。但是接下來的問題會用過去式來問,以得到其他更詳盡的資料,而回答時也用過去式。

Have you ever been to Korea ?          Yes, I’ve been to Korea.

When did you go there?                         I went there last July.

Who did you go there with?                I went there with my family.

How long were you there?                 I was there for five days.

1

A: _______ you ever _________ anyone famous? (meet)

B: Yes, I ______, actually.  When I ______ in Mexico on vacation. (be)

A: Really? Who _____ you ______ ? (meet)

B: Michael Jackson. He _____ in the same restaurant as me. (be)

2.

A: ________ you ever ________ a diary? (write)

B: Yes, I _______. I _______ one when I was a teenager. (write)

A: ________ you ________ it every day? (write)

B: No, I _________. Only when I ______ on holiday. (be)

3.

A: ________ you ever _______ to France? (go)

B: Yes, I _______. I _______ there six years ago. (go)

A: Where ______ you _______ ? (stay)

B: I _______ an apartment near Bordeaux. (rent)

4.

A: ______ your mother ever _____ to a rock concert? (go)

B: Yes, she _____. She _______to one or two when she was young. (go)

A: Who _____ she _______? (see)

B: Well, I know she _____ David Bowie before he ______famous. (see,

become)

5.

A: ______ you ever _____ to play an instrument? (learn)

B: No, I ________. What about you?

A: Well, I _____ to learn the piano at school. (try)

B: ______ you any good? (be)

A: No, I ______ no idea what I was doing! (have)

 

E4B L12 Unit 14 Have you ever?                  Jess Lin      P.7

J. Useful Expressions

1. Whose is it? 這是誰的東西?

A: I found a watch.

B: Whose is it?

2. When are you paying me back?  你什麼時候還我錢?

A: When are you paying me back?

B: I am sorry. My budget is still tight.

3. Talk to you later.  待會兒再跟你談

A: The meeting will be held in three more minutes.

B: OK. I will talk to you later then.

4. It’s really interesting.  太有趣了

A: This book is really interesting. I have already read it twice.

B: What is the title of the book?

5. It stinks.  好臭!

A: Who farted? It stinks!

B: Not me.

6. I didn’t notice.  我沒注意

A: Was that Tim who just passed us?

B: I didn’t notice.

7. Awesome 讚

A: You look awesome in that purple shirt.

B: Really? Thank you!

8. Nobody knows. / Who knows? 沒人知道(答案)/ 誰知道?

A: Who did it?

B: Nobody knows.

9. That’s fine with me. 我沒意見

A: What do you think of this?

B: That’s fine with me.

10. I am too fat. 我太胖了

A: Want some more cakes?

B: No, thanks. I am too fat.

 

E4B L12 Unit 14 Have you ever?                  Jess Lin      P.8

K.At the airport

Vocabulary

1. departure lounge 候機室2. board the plane 登機 3. cart 手推車

4. luggage 行李 5. arrive 抵達 6. check in 登記 7. boarding pass 登機證

8. monitor 螢幕 9. gate 登機門  10. flight number 航班號碼

11. destination 目的地 12. remarks 附註 13. on time 準時 14. delayed 延遲  15. now boarding 登機中 16. standby 準備中 17. announcement 廣播

18. carry-on luggage 手提行李 19. suitcase 行李箱

20. aisle seat/window seat  走廊位置/窗戶位置

 

L. Vocabulary:

1. immigration officer  移民局官員   2. ma’am=madam 女士

3. purpose  目的   4. conference 會議   5. colleague 同事

6. San Francisco 舊金山   A: Immigration Officer     B: Traveler

A: Good evening, ma’am/sir.

B: Good evening.

A: Where are you arriving from?

B: From London.

A: What’s the purpose of your visit?

B: Business. I’m here for a conference.

A: How long are you staying in the US?

B: A week.

A: Where are you staying?

B: In San Francisco. At the Pacific View Hotel.

A: Do you know anybody here?

B: Yes, Mark Ryder.

A: Is he family or a friend?

B: He’s a colleague – and a friend.

A: Do you have his phone number?

B: Yes, his mobile is 405-655-7182.

A: Is this your first visit to the US?

B: Yes, it is.

A: Enjoy your stay in San Francisco.

B: Thank you.

 

解答

I. 現在完成式與過去簡單式的比較

1.

Have, met

have, was

did, meet

was

2.

Have, written

have, wrote

Did, write

didn’t, was

3.

Have, been

have, went

did, stay

rented

4.

Has, been

has, went

did, see

saw, became

5.

Have, learned

haven’t

tried

were

had

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