E2A L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?

一個星期工作七天啊!沒辦法,先前出去玩的代價,呵呵。找不到同學作業哭泣中,哇!繼續找。星期天沒出門在家整理講義,然後希望下星期就不用那麼辛苦。繼續努力中。

 

 

E2A L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?                     Jess   P.1

                                   jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

週末,家事,休閒活動,假期

句型重點

過去簡單式

A. Warm-up Questions

  1. Do you hate to stand in a line?

Yes, I hate to stand in a line.

No, I don’t’ mind standing in a line.

No, I love to stand in a line.

  1. What else do you hate to do?

I hate to do laundry.

  1. What do you love to do?

I love to play mahjong. I can play mahjong 24 hours nonstop.

Vocabulary:

1. stand in line [laɪn]排隊 2. do laundry [ˋlɔndrɪ]洗衣服

3. travel to work/commute [kəˋmjut]通勤 4. go to the meetings[ˋmitɪŋz] 開會 5. exercise [ˋɛksɚ͵saɪz]運動 6. work in the yard [jɑrd]整理庭院

7. clean the house [klin]打掃家裡 8. open the mail 拆信

9. delete junk mail/spam  [dɪˋlit] [dʒʌŋk] [mel]/ [spæm]刪除垃圾郵件

10. do homework [ˋhom͵wɝk]寫作業  11. get up early/late 早起/晚起

12. take out the garbage [ˋgɑrbɪdʒ] 倒垃圾 13. go hiking [haɪk]爬山健行

14. surf the Net 上網  15. play computer games  玩電腦遊戲

 

B. I didn’t study!

Listen and correct the mistakes.

Michael:  Hi, Jennifer. Do you have a good weekend?

Jennifer: Well, I have a busy weekend, and I feel a little tired today.

Michael:  Really? Why?

Jennifer: Well, on Saturday, I exercise in the morning. Then my roommate

and I clean, do laundry, and shop. And then I visit my parents.

Michael:  So what do you do on Sunday?

Jennifer:  I study for the test all day.

Michael:   Oh, no! Do we have a test today? I don’t study! I just watch

television all weekend.

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.2

C. Simple Past 過去簡單式                                        

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

 

一、過去簡單式的使用時機

1. 英文用過去簡單式用來表達發生在過去的事件。

I went home late last night.

He got up early this morning.

 

2. 過去簡單式也用來表達在過去重複進行的活動、習慣。

We lived in America for five years when I was a child.

My grandmother went to church every Sunday morning.

 

二、過去簡單式的句型

(一)過去簡單式一般動詞的句型為S + V2(V2指的是動詞的過去式)

肯定句     S    +     V2

I              ate a big dinner last night.

Tina           got married when she was 18.

 

否定與問句需要用did這個助動詞來幫忙。否定句在助動詞後面加not

否定句    s  S   +    did not    +   V1

They        didn’t         do their homework.

He          didn’t         sing at the KTV last weekend.

 

Yes/No questions Yes/No 問句 把助動詞did放在主詞前面造問句

Did   +   S    +  V1

Did       you       sleep well last night?

Did       Tom       have a good time?

 

WH questions  WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞

WH             did   +   S    +   V1

What time    did        you        get up this morning?

Where         did        Linda       go last weekend?

 

三、過去簡單式的副詞如:this morning, last night, yesterday morning, five years ago, in 2005…等。

 

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.3

四、過去簡單式規則動詞過去式的拼字與發音變化的規則

  1. 規則動詞的過去式拼字變化如下:
  2. 大多數的動詞在過去式時只要在字尾加ed。

work-worked, help-helped, call-called, wash-washed

  1. 動詞字尾已經有e時,只要加d即可。

live-lived, die-died, dance-danced, smile-smiled

  1. 動詞字尾為子音加y時,必須去y加ied。

study-studied, cry-cried, worry-worried, copy-copied.

  1. 動詞字尾為母音加y時,則只要加ed即可。

play-played, stay-stayed, enjoy-enjoyed, annoy-annoyed,

  1. 只有一個音節的動詞字尾發音為短母音加子音時,重複字尾再加ed。

shop-shopped, plan-planned, tap-tapped, hop-hopped

  1. 規則動詞的過去式發音的變化如下:
  2. 動詞字尾是無聲子音時,加ed後讀/ t /。無聲子音指的是除了/ t /之外的

/ k /, / f /, / s /, /ʃ /, / tʃ / 等。

cook-cooked, laugh-laughed, kiss-kissed, wash-washed, watch-watched

  1. 動詞字尾是有聲子音或母音時,加ed後讀/d/。有聲子音指的是除了/ d /之外的/ b /, / g /, / r /, / l /, / m /, / n /, / v / 等。

call-called, rain-rained, love-loved, play-played, try-tried

  1. 動詞字尾的發音是/ t /, / d /的發音時,加ed後讀/ɪd /。

want-wanted, need-needed, visit-visited, wait-waited

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /,

/ ɔɪ/, / aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

D. Regular Verbs 規則動詞

1. clean 打掃  2. cook 做菜  3. exercise 運動 4. invite 邀請 5. listen 聽

6. need 需要  7. relax 放鬆  8. shop 購物   9. study 用功  10. talk 說話

11. visit 拜訪  12. wait  等待 13. walk 走路  14. watch 看  15. work 工作

/t /

/d /

/ɪd /

     
     
     
     
     
     

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.4

原型V1 過去式V2 過去分詞V3 現在分詞V-ing
1. be 是

2. buy 買

3. come 來

4. do 做

5. drink 喝

6. drive 開車

7. eat 吃

8. find 找

9. fly 飛

10. forget忘記

11. get 拿

12. give 給

13. go 去

14. have 有

15. know 知道

16. leave 離開

17. lose 輸,遺失

18. make  做

19. meet 碰面

20. quit戒,辭職

21. read 閱讀

22. ride 騎

23. run 跑

24. see 看

25. sell 賣

26. sing 唱歌

27. sit 坐

28. sleep 睡

29. speak 說

30. spend 花費

31. swim 游泳

32. take 拿

33. think 想

34. wear 穿

35. win 贏

36. write 寫

was/were

bought

came

did

drank

drove

ate

found

flew

forgot

got

gave

went

had

knew

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

rode

ran

saw

sold

sang

sat

slept

spoke

spent

swam

took

thought

wore

won

wrote

been

bought

come

done

drunk

driven

eaten

found

flown

forgotten

gotten

given

gone

had

known

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

ridden

run

seen

sold

sung

sat

slept

spoken

spent

swum

taken

thought

worn

won

written

being

buying

coming

doing

drinking

driving

eating

finding

flying

forgetting

getting

giving

going

having

knowing

leaving

losing

making

meeting

quitting

reading

riding

running

seeing

selling

singing

sitting

sleeping

speaking

spending

swimming

taking

thinking

wearing

winning

writing

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.5

E. Irregular Verbs 不規則動詞

1. buy 買  2. come 來  3. do 做   4. eat 吃  5. feel 感覺

 

6. get 拿  7. go 去   8. have 有  9. meet 碰面  10. read 讀

 

11. ride 騎 12. see 看  13. sit 坐 14. take 搭   15. wear 穿 16. drink喝

 

Change the verbs above into past tense then fill into the grids.

 

Bingo

 

 

 

 

     
 

 

 

 

     
 

 

 

 

     
 

 

 

 

     

 

Take turns to make sentences.

S   +  V2                         +  past  time expression

EX:  I     ate a sandwich for breakfast     this morning.

My mom  rode a scooter to work          yesterday.

My boss  bought a coffee for me         last week.

They     drank juice                   five minutes ago.

 

 

 

 

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.6

F. Last weekend

Did you study English last weekend?

Yes, I studied English last weekend.

No, I didn’t study English last weekend but I studied English yesterday.

  1. Did you shop for clothes last weekend?
  2. Did you exercise last weekend?
  3. Did you watch TV last weekend?
  4. Did you stay up late last weekend?
  5. Did you cook last weekend?
  6. Did you call your parents last weekend?
  7. Did you visit your friends last weekend?
  8. Did you listen to music last weekend?
  9. Did you clean the house last weekend?
  10. Did you work last weekend?

 

時間說法:下面這些用法前面都不要家介系詞at, on, in

 

yesterday昨天 today今天 tomorrow明天
yesterday morning

昨天早上

this morning

今天早上

tomorrow morning

明天早上

yesterday afternoon

昨天下午

this afternoon

今天下午

tomorrow afternoon

明天下午

yesterday evening

昨天傍晚

this evening

今天傍晚

tomorrow evening

明天傍晚

last night

昨天晚上

tonight

今天晚上

tomorrow night

明天晚上

last Friday上週五 this Friday這星期五 next Friday下星期五
last week上星期 this week這星期 next week下星期
last January去年一月 this January今年一月 next January明年一月
last month上個月 this month這個月 next month下個月
last year去年 this year今年 next year明年

 

a few minutes ago幾分鐘前, three hours ago三個小時前, two days ago兩天前, four months ago四個月前, five years ago五年前, at 8.30在八點半, on Monday在星期一, in February在二月, in 1989在一九八九年

 

 

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.7

G. Conversation  Did you like it?  P.95

1. anywhere [ˋɛnɪ͵hwɛr]任何地方  2. Arizona [͵ærɪˋzonə]美國亞利桑那州

3. Grand Canyon [grænd] [ˋkænjən]大峽谷 4. ride horses [hɔrsɪz] 騎馬

5. go white-water rafting [ˋræftɪŋ]  泛舟

6. Colorado River [͵kɑləˋrædo] [ˋrɪvɚ]美國科羅拉多河

 

H. Listening  I didn’t go anywhere.   P.96

1.

A: Hello, Andy. Did you have a good summer?

B: Oh, I had an OK summer, I guess. I visited my brother in Vancouver.

A: That’s nice! Did you go to the beach very much?

B: No, I didn’t. It rained all summer, so we usually did nothing indoors.

 

2.

A: Hi, Gail. How are you? Did you have a good summer?

B: Yes, I did, thanks. I just relaxed.

A: Did you see any good movies?

B: Movies? Well, no, … but I read a lot of good books!

 

3.

A: So, Patrick, did you do anything interesting last summer?

B: Oh, yeah! You know how I love sports. I played tennis and went bike-riding every day!

A: Tennis and bike riding! You’re a really good athlete!

B: Yeah… Well, I try.

 

4.

A: Did you have a job last summer, Fran?

B: Well, no, … but I did a lot of work.

A: Why? Did you take a class with a lot of homework?

B: No. But I helped my parents pain our house. I also cleaned the basement and worked in the yard.

 

  1. C.   Regular Verbs 規則動詞答案

/t/: cooked, relaxed, shopped, talked, walked, watched, worked

/d/: cleaned, exercised, listened, studied, watched

/ɪd /: invited, needed, visited, waited

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.8

J. Yesterday

  1. What time did you get up? I got up at 7 a.m.
  2. What did you wear?  I wore a dress.
  3. What did you eat for breakfast?  I ate a sandwich and drank coffee.
  4. How did you get to work?  I took the MRT.
  5. Where did you have lunch?  I had lunch in my office.
  6. Did you drink coffee yesterday afternoon?  No, I drank milk tea.
  7. What did you do after work?  I went shopping with my coworkers.
  8. Did you read the newspaper?  No, I read news online.
  9. What time did you go to bed?  I went to bed at 12 a.m.
  10. How did you feel before you go to bed?  I felt tired.

K. 翻譯練習

  1. A: 你玩得開心嗎?  B:是的,我們是。我們過得非常快樂的時光。
  2. A: 你的週末過得好嗎?  B: 恩,我有個忙碌的週末,我今天覺得有點累。
  3. A: 你星期天做了什麼事?  B: 我整天都在念考試的書。
  4. 我們去買日常生活用品。我們沒有去買衣服。
  5. 他邀請一些朋友來家裡,我們做了一頓大餐。
  6. 我做功課。我沒有洗衣服。
  7. 我們跟同學碰面。我們沒有跟老師碰面。
  8. 他去博物館。他沒有去圖書館。
  9. A: Erica喜歡她的假期嗎?  B: 是的,她喜歡。她非常喜歡。
  10. A: 你去年夏天有去任何地方嗎? B: 有,我有。我姐姐跟我去了Arizona。

 

K. 翻譯答案

  1. A: Did you have a good weekend?  B: Well, I had a busy weekend, and I feel a bit tired today.
  2. A: What did you do on Sunday?  B: I studied for the test all day.
  3. We shopped for groceries. We didn’t shop for clothes.
  4. He invited some friends over, and we cooked a great meal.
  5. I did my homework. I didn’t do laundry.
  6. We met our classmates. We didn’t meet our teacher.
  7. He went to the museum. He didn’t go to the library.
  8. A: Did Erica like her vacation?  B: Yes, she did. She liked it a lot.
  9. A: Did you go anywhere last summer?  B: Yes, I did. My sister and I went to Arizona.
  10. A: Did you have fun?  B: Yes, we did. We had a great time.

 

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