E2A L11 Unit 12 What’s the matter?

拼完第一千篇,這一千零一篇也出來了,今天要考試,大家不要太緊張,就回答一些問題,可以先看Review的部分。快三點了,早餐吃香蕉,午餐吃荔枝,恩,還要吃點別的東西,不然沒精力備課啊!

 

 

E2A L11 Unit 12 What’s the matter?                Jess    P.1

                                    

課程主題

口試,身體,健康問題,忠告,藥物

文法重點

使役動詞

 A.  Review Questions

  1. What’s your last name?  My last name is Lin.
  2. How do you spell your name?  It’s J-E-S-S-I-E.
  3. What’s your phone number? It’s 0912-344-567.
  4. What are your hobbies?  I like swimming and baking.
  5. What’s in your bag?  I have a book, a cell phone and a wallet in my bag.
  6. Is this your pen?  Yes, it is. / No, it’s not.
  7. Where’s your wallet?  It’s in my bag.
  8. What’s this called in English?   It’s an eraser.
  9. Where are you from?  I’m from Taipei, Taiwan.
  10. Are you from Taipei?  Yes, I am. / No, I’m from Taichung.
  11. Is your first language Taiwanese?  Yes, it is. / No, it’s not.
  12. How old is your father?  He’s fifty-five years old.
  13. What’s your mother like?  She’s short and heavy. She’s friendly.
  14. What color is your bag?  It’s black.
  15. What’s your favorite color?  It’s orange.
  16. Are these your handouts?  Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.
  17. Who’s book is this?  It’s Mandy’s.
  18. How’s the weather today?  It’s hot and sunny.
  19. What time is it?  It’s eight thirty.
  20. What time do you get up?  I get up at 7.30.
  21. What are you doing?  I’m talking to you.
  22. What’s your father doing?  I guess he’s watching TV.
  23. What do you do?  I’m an assistant.
  24.  How do you like your job?  I love it. It’s very interesting.
  25. Is your job difficult?  No, it’s not.
  26.  What does your father do?  He’s a taxi driver.
  27. What foods do you like?  I like pasta, mangoes, and ice cream.
  28.  What foods don’t you like?  I don’t like noodles, beef, and greens.

E2A L11 Unit 12 What’s the matter?                Jess    P.2

29. What do you usually have for breakfast?  I often have a sandwich and coffee.

30. Do you drink coffee in the morning?  Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

31. What do you do in your free time?  I surf the Net.

32. How often do you exercise?  I never exercise.

33. Can you dance?  Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.

34. When is your birthday?  It’s on July 25th.

35. What are you going to do after class?  I’m going to go home.

36. What are you going to do this weekend?  I’m going to see a movie.

 

B.  Body parts 身體部位

1. ankle [ˋæŋk!]腳踝2. arm [ɑrm]手臂  3. back [bæk]背 4. chest[tʃɛst]胸部

5. chin[tʃɪn]下巴  6. ear[ɪr]耳朵  7. elbow[ˋɛlbo]手肘  8. eye [aɪ]眼睛

9. eyebrow[ˋaɪ͵braʊ]眉毛 10. eyelash[ˋaɪ͵læʃ]眼睫毛 11. finger [ˋfɪŋgɚ]手指頭

12. foot/feet [fʊt]/ [fit]腳 13. hair [hɛr]頭髮 14. hand [hænd]手

15. head [hɛd]頭 16. knee [ni] 膝蓋 17. leg [lɛg]腿  18. lip [lɪp]嘴唇

19. mouth [maʊθ]嘴巴  20. neck [nɛk]脖子  21. nose [noz]鼻子

22. shoulder [ˋʃoldɚ]肩膀 23. stomach [ˋstʌmək]胃  24. throat [θrot]喉嚨

25. thumb [θʌm]拇指  26. toe [to]腳趾 27. tooth/teeth [tuθ]/ [tiθ]牙齒

28. wrist [rɪst] 手腕

 

A: Point to your neck.   [pɔɪnt]指

B: This is my neck. Point to your feet.

A: These are my feet.

 

 

C.  Conversation  I feel homesick.  我想家  P.79

1. actually [ˋæktʃʊəlɪ]實際上地  2. What’s the matter? [ˋmætɚ]怎麼了?

3. better [ˋbɛtɚ]比較好的  4. already [ɔlˋrɛdɪ]已經

 

 

E2A L11 Unit 12 What’s the matter?                Jess    P.3

D.  Health Problems疾病

英文的疾病,按照用的是名詞或形容詞,表達方式不同,有些疾病是可數名詞,所以a不要忘掉了。如:I have a headache. 就是中文的我頭痛。

 

I have a + noun名詞      I have a stomachache.

1. a backache [ˋbæk͵ek]背痛 2. an earache [ˋɪr͵ek]耳朵痛

3. a headache [ˋhɛd͵ek]頭痛  4. a stomachache [ˋstʌmək͵ek]胃痛

5. a toothache[ˋtuθ͵ek]牙痛 6. a cold [kold]感冒 7 a cough [kɑf]咳嗽

8. a fever[ˋfivɚ]發燒 9. the flu[flu]流行性感冒 10. sore eyes [sor] [aɪz]眼睛酸 11. a sore throat [sor] [θrot]喉嚨痛

 

I feel + adj.形容詞   I feel sick.

Adj: 1. homesick 想家的 2. sick 生病的 3. terrible 糟糕的

 

Positive Adj 正面的形容詞:

  1. fine好的 2. great很好的 3. terrific[təˋrɪfɪk]很棒的
  2. fantastic [fænˋtæstɪk]非常好的

Negative Adj 負面的形容詞:

  1. sick生病的 2. awful[ˋɑfʊl]極壞的 3. terrible[ˋtɛrəb!]糟糕的
  2. miserable [ˋmɪzərəb!]淒慘的

 

E.  Exercise 練習題

  1. A: 怎麼了?  B: 我頭痛。
  2. A: 你覺的怎麼樣?  B: 我不舒服。
  3. A: 你喉嚨痛嗎?  B: 不,不是。我發燒。
  4. A: 我覺得很糟。我胃痛。 B: 我感到很遺憾。
  5. A: 你今天過得如何?  B: 不太好。
  6. A: 你為什麼這麼累?  B: 我不知道。我就是晚上睡不著。
  7. 每天晚上吃完晚餐後吃一顆。
  8. 在床上休息。
  9. 不要喝咖啡,茶,或汽水。
  10. 不要太努力工作。

 

E2A L11 Unit 12 What’s the matter?                Jess    P.4

E.  Exercise 練習題 答案

    1. A: What’s the matter?  B: I have a headache.
    2. A: How do you feel?  B: I don’t feel well.
    3. A: Do you have a sore throat?  B: No, I don’t. I have a fever.
    4. A: I feel terrible. I have a stomachache.  B: I’m sorry to hear that.
    5. A: How are you today?  B: Not so good.
    6. A: Why are you so tired?  B: I don’t know. I just can’t sleep at night.
    7. Take one pill every night after dinner.
    8. Rest in bed.
    9. Don’t drink coffee, tea, or soda.
    10. Don’t work too hard.

 

 

F. Common Medications常用藥劑  

1. antacid [æntˋæsɪd]制酸劑  2. aspirin [ˋæspərɪn]阿司匹靈

3. muscle cream [ˋmʌs!] [krim]肌肉酸痛軟膏

4. cough syrup [kɑf] [ˋsɪrəp]咳嗽糖漿 5. cough drops [kɑf] [drɑps]咳嗽喉糖

6. cold pills [kold] [pɪlz]感冒藥7. eye drops [aɪ] [drɑps]眼藥水

 

G. Imperatives 使役動詞,是用來表達如命令、建議等。主要的文法點就是主詞的你(或你們)省略了,以動詞原形來開始一個句子,跟一般英文句子要有主詞動詞不太一樣。否定時則以Don’t 加動詞原形。如:

Take a pill every four hours.四個小時吃一顆。

Rest in bed. 在床上休息。

Listen to relaxing music. 聽放鬆的音樂。

Don’t work too hard. 不要太辛苦工作。

Don’t stay up late. 不要熬夜。

Don’t eat any candy. 不要吃任何糖果。

 

  

E2A L11 Unit 12 What’s the matter?                Jess    P.5

H. What’s wrong?

問人家怎麼了?不舒服嗎?好嗎?覺得如何?可以用

What’s the matter?   What’s wrong?

How are you?   How do you feel?

 

回答時假如是名詞要用I have的句型,形容詞則用I feel 的句型,如:

I have a headache. I have a cold.

I feel homesick. I don’t feel well.

 

A: How do you feel today?

B: I feel fine, thanks. What about you?

A: Not so good. (Act out a health problem)

B: Do you have a headache?

A: No, I don’t.

B: Do you have a fever?

A: Yes, that’s right.

B: I’m sorry to hear that. Get well soon!

 

I’m sorry to hear that. 是用來表達遺憾。通常聽到不好的消息時會這麼說。還有例如問到對方的親人,假如是死亡或生病了,也常用這個方式表達遺憾。

I’m glad to hear that. 正好相反,用來表達聽到好消息。

That’s good. That’s too bad. 也常用來對於聽到好消息與壞消息的回應。

 

 

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