E4B L7 Unit 7 Then and Now

發現忘記放講義了。整個人還在空白發呆中,還是沒動力,應該是缺乏燃料吧!吃個飯會好點。吃飯去!

 

聽力的圖檔偷懶沒放上來,哈哈,改天再來放。

 

E4B L7 Unit 7 Then and now                      Jessie Lin        P.1

 

課程主題

過去活動,日期

句型重點

過去簡單式一般動詞,規則與不規則動詞

A. Warm-up questions

1.     How was your day?         It was O.K. I was busy working.

2.    Where were you born?  I was born in Taipei.

When were you born?   I was born in 1971. I was born on July 25th, 1971.

3.    Where were your parents born? When were they born?

My father was born in Tainan. My mother was born in I-lan.

I guess my mother was born in 1951, but I’m not sure about my father’s age.

4. How old were you when you could speak English?

I could speak English when I was in junior high school.

5. What could you do when you were ten years old?

I could clean the house, wash the dishes, and take out the garbage.

6. Could you ride a scooter when you were 18 years old?

Yes, I could ride a scooter when I was 18.

No, I couldn’t. I still can’t ride a scooter now.

B. Regular Verbs  What did you do last night?

Josh: Let me think. I stayed home, watched TV, and listened to a new CD. That’s it.

Mari: I tried to study for a math exam while my roommate played her flute.

Peter: Well, my wife rented a DVD, so we watched a movie. But I didn’t like it much.

Melissa: I didn’t want to go out, so I invited a couple of friends over, and we cooked

dinner.

Rachel: Oh, I just worked late and then cleaned the house. You know – the usual.

Stephen: I chatted online with my friend Jay. He’s living in Italy.

How about you? What did you do last night?

  1. I _________ (watch) TV last night.
  2. I  _________ (clean) the house.
  3. My friend and I  _________ (chat) online.
  4. I  _________ (study) English.
  5. I  _________ (play) a computer game.
  6. I  _________ (cook) a big meal.
  7. I  _________ (e-mail) a couple of friends.

E4B L7 Unit 7 Then and now                             Jess Lin      P.2

C. 過去簡單式Simple Past                                    

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

一、過去簡單式的使用時機

英文用過去簡單式用來表達發生在過去的事件。

I went home late last night.

He worked all night and finally finished his homework in the morning.

過去簡單式也用來表達在過去重複進行的活動、習慣。

We lived in America for five years when I was a child.

My grandmother went to church every Sunday morning.

二、過去簡單式的句型

(一)過去簡單式一般動詞的句型為S + V2(V2指的是動詞的過去式)

肯定句     S  +   V2

I              ate a big dinner last night.

Tina          got married when she was 18.

 

否定與問句需要用did這個助動詞來幫忙。否定句在助動詞後面加not

否定句     S   +    did not    +   V1

They        didn’t         do their homework.

He          didn’t         sing at the KTV last weekend.

 

Yes/No questions Yes/No 問句 把助動詞did放在主詞前面造問句

Did   +   S    +  V1

Did       you       sleep well last night?

Did       Tom       have a good time?

 

WH questions  WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞

WH             did   +   S    +   V1

What time    did        you        get up this morning?

Where         did        Linda       go last weekend?

 

三、過去簡單式的副詞如:this morning, last night, yesterday morning, five years ago, in 2005…等。

E4B L7 Unit 7 Then and now                             Jess Lin      P.3過去簡單式Simple Past                              

四、過去簡單式規則動詞過去式的拼字與發音變化的規則

動詞的變化有四種。

第一個是動詞原型V1,也就是在字典中查到的字典型如eat。用在現在簡單式,但是第三人稱單數的現在簡單式要加s,如eat, eats。

第二種是過去式動詞,在過去式時使用的第二態V2,動詞可分規則動詞與不規則動詞,規則動詞加ed,如cooked,不規則則需牢記,如ate。

第三態又叫過去分詞V3,用在完成式與被動。一樣分規則變化與不規則變化兩種。規則變化則加ed,與第二態過去式一樣,如cooked。不規則的第三態與過去式V2有時相同,有時不同,也需牢記,如eaten。

第四種是現在分詞,也就是動詞後面加ing,用在進行式。不規則動詞的變化與分詞都可以在字典中查到,需要牢記。

規則動詞的過去式拼字變化如下:

1. 大多數的動詞在過去式時只要在字尾加ed。

work-worked, help-helped, call-called, wash-washed

2. 動詞字尾已經有e時,只要加d即可。

live-lived, die-died, dance-danced, smile-smiled

3. 動詞字尾為子音加y時,必須去y加ied。

study-studied, cry-cried, worry-worried, copy-copied.

4. 動詞字尾為母音加y時,則只要加ed即可。

play-played, stay-stayed, enjoy-enjoyed, annoy-annoyed,

5. 只有一個音節的動詞字尾發音為短母音加子音時,重複字尾再加ed。

shop-shopped, plan-planned, tap-tapped, hop-hopped

 

規則動詞的過去式發音的變化如下:

1. 動詞字尾是無聲子音時,加ed後讀/ t /。無聲子音指的是除了/ t /之外的

/ k /, / f /, / s /, / ʃ /, / tʃ, /θ / 等。

cook-cooked, laugh-laughed, kiss-kissed, wash-washed, watch-watched

2. 動詞字尾是有聲子音或母音時,加ed後讀/d/。有聲子音指的是除了/ d /之外的/ b /, / g /, / r /, / l /, / m /, / n /, / v / 等。

call-called, rain-rained, love-loved, play-played, try-tried

3. 動詞字尾的發音是/ t /, / d /的發音時,加ed後讀/ɪd /。

want-wanted, need-needed, visit-visited, wait-waited

 

 

E4B L7 Unit 7 Then and now                             Jess Lin     P.4

原型V1 過去式V2 過去分詞V3 現在分詞V-ing
1. be 是

2. buy 買

3. come 來

4. do 做

5. drink 喝

6. drive 開車

7. eat 吃

8. find 找

9. fly 飛

10. forget忘記

11. get 拿

12. give 給

13. go 去

14. have 有

15. know 知道

16. leave 離開

17. lose 輸,遺失

18. make  做

19. meet 碰面

20. quit戒,辭職

21. read 閱讀

22. ride 騎

23. run 跑

24. see 看

25. sell 賣

26. sing 唱歌

27. sit 坐

28. sleep 睡

29. speak 說

30. spend 花費

31. swim 游泳

32. take 拿

33. think 想

34. wear 穿

35. win 贏

36. write 寫

was/were

bought

came

did

drank

drove

ate

found

flew

forgot

got

gave

went

had

knew

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

rode

ran

saw

sold

sang

sat

slept

spoke

spent

swam

took

thought

wore

won

wrote

been

bought

come

done

drunk

driven

eaten

found

flown

forgotten

gotten

given

gone

had

known

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

ridden

run

seen

sold

sung

sat

slept

spoken

spent

swum

taken

thought

worn

won

written

being

buying

coming

doing

drinking

driving

eating

finding

flying

forgetting

getting

giving

going

having

knowing

leaving

losing

making

meeting

quitting

reading

riding

running

seeing

selling

singing

sitting

sleeping

speaking

spending

swimming

taking

thinking

wearing

winning

writing

 

E4B L7 Unit 7 Then and now                        Jess Lin        P.5

D. Regular Verbs

a. smile  微笑 b. laugh  大笑 c. yawn   打呵欠 d. sneeze   打噴嚏        e. cough  咳嗽 f. shave  刮鬍子 g. push  推  h. pull  拉

i. sign  your name 簽你的名字  j. count   your fingers 數數             k. ask   a question 問問題  l. wash   your hands 洗手

m. touch   the floor 碰地板 n. point   at the door 指門

o. close  the door 關門 p. open   the door開門 q. pick   up your pen 撿筆 r. fold   a piece of paper 摺紙 s. erase   the board  擦黑板

t. add   two and two on the board 在黑板上寫 2+2

A: What did I do? (mime)  B: You washed your hands.

 

E. Star Signs 星座

Aquarius

/ə’kwɛrɪəs/

January 21-

February 19 水瓶座

Leo

/’lio/

July 23-

August 23獅子座

Pisces

/’paɪsiz/

February 20-

March 20 雙魚座

Virgo

/’vɝgo/

August 24-

September 22 處女座

Aries

/’ɛriz/

March 21-

April 20 白羊座

Libra

/’librə/

September 23-

October 23 天枰座

Taurus

/’tɔrəs/

April 21-

May 21 金牛座

Scorpio

/’skɔrpɪo/

October 23-

November 21 天蝎座

Gemini

/’dʒɛməˈnaɪ/

May 22-

June 21 雙子座

Sagittarius

/ˈsædʒɪ’tɛrɪəs/

November 22-

December 22 射手座

Cancer

/’kænsɚ/

June 22-

July 22 巨蟹座

Capricorn

/’kæprɪˈkɔrn/

December 22-

January 20  魔羯座

 

E4B L7 Unit 7 Then and now                        Jess Lin        P.6

F. Past Tense Questions

  1. When did you last take a vacation?  I took a vacation last July.
  2. When did you last go to a KTV?     I went to a KTV this February.
  3. When did you last take a photograph? I took a photograph last weekend.
  4. When did you last give someone a kiss?  I gave my niece a kiss last night.
  5. When did you last go shopping?   I went shopping this afternoon.
  6. When did you last have dinner in a restaurant?I had dinner in a restaurant tonight.
  7. When did you last send an email?  I sent an email three days ago.
  8. When did you last use the computer? I used the computer two hours ago.
  9. When did you last get a gift?   I got a gift last Christmas.
  10. When did you last lose something?  I lost my umbrella yesterday.
  11. Where did you go last weekend?  I didn’t go anywhere. I stayed at home.
  12. What did you buy today?   I bought breakfast at 7-11.
  13. Who did you have lunch with today? I had lunch with my coworkers.
  14. Why did you choose this school to study English?I chose this school because my friend told me it’s a good school.
  15. What did you do after work/school yesterday? I went to the gym.
  16. How did you feel yesterday?  I felt tired.
  17. What did you do on Mother’s Day? I bought my mom a necklace and took her out for dinner.
  18. How did you get to school today?   I got to school by MRT.
  19. Who did you spend the weekend with?   I spent the weekend with my family.
  20.  What did you have for breakfast?  I had soybean milk and a rice roll.

 

 

E4B L7 Unit 7 Then and now                        Jess Lin        P.8

G. Listening

Tactics for Listening Basic Unit 5 Dates

3. Let’s Listen (Page 19)

1.

This is Dr. Costello’s office. We’re calling to change your dental appointment to August 3rd at 9:30 in the morning. Thank you.

 

2.

Hi, Don. It’s Sue. I’m calling about Cindy’s birthday party. It’s on July 28th at 8 p.m. Are you free? I’ll call you later.

 

3.

Hello, Don. This is Aunt Betty. How are you, darling? Listen, I’m coming to town next month and I’d love to see you. I’m arriving on August the tenth at 11:15 in the morning. I’ll call you from the airport. Bye!

 

4.

Hi, Don. This is Ted. Listen, we can’t play tennis on Saturday. Are you free Sunday afternoon, July 26th, around three?

 

5.

Hello, Don. This is Francis. I’ll be back from my trip on Tuesday, September 22nd. Let’s meet in my office that Tuesday around 6 p.m., okay? Let me know.

 

6.

This is Star Travel. We’ve booked your flight to New Orleans for next month. You leave on August 2nd on flight 101 from Kennedy Airport at 2 p.m.

 

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