E2A L6 Unit 6 My Sister Works Downtown

半夜三點寫講義,這樣明天就可以放心睡到中午XD

 

E2A L6 Unit 6 My sister works downtown.            Jessie   P.1

                                      jessielinhuiching@gmail.com

 

課程主題

交通工具,家庭,日常活動,星期

句型重點

現在簡單式,時間介系詞

 

A. Warm-up Questions 暖身問題

1. What time do you get up?          I get up at 7.30.

2. What time do you go to work?      I go to work at 8.15.

3. How do you get to work?           I ride a scooter.

4. How long does it take?             It takes 30 minutes.

5. What time do you finish work?      I finish work at 5.45.

6. How do you get here?              I get here by scooter.

7. How long does it take?             It takes 10 minutes.

 

B. Transportation 運輸工具

1. drive [draɪv]開車 2. walk [wɔk]走路 3. take the bus [bʌs]搭公車

4. take the subway [ˋsʌb͵we]搭地鐵  5. take the train [tren]搭火車

6. ride a bike [baɪk]騎腳踏車 7. take a taxi/cab [kæb] 搭計程車

8. ride a motorcycle [ˋmotɚ͵saɪk!]/scooter [ˋskutɚ]  騎機車

9. take the MRT 搭捷運10. take the ferry [ˋfɛri]搭渡輪

11. someone gives me a ride [raɪd]某人載我一程

How do you get to work?      I take the bus. / I get to work by bus.

I walk. / I get to work on foot.

My father gives me a ride.

C. Family 家庭

1. grandparent [ˋgrænd͵pɛrənt]祖父/母 2. grandfather [ˋgrænd͵fɑðɚ]祖父

3. grandmother [ˋgrænd͵mʌðɚ]祖母 4. parents [ˋpɛrənt]父/母親

5. father [ˋfɑðɚ]父親 6. mother [ˋmʌðɚ]母親 7. son [sʌn]兒子

8. daughter [ˋdɔtɚ]女兒 9. husband [ˋhʌzbənd]丈夫 10. wife [waɪf]妻子

11. brother [ˋbrʌðɚ]兄弟 12. sister [ˋsɪstɚ]姊妹

13. brother-in-law [ˋbrʌðərɪn͵lɔ]姐夫/妹婿 14. sister-in-law [ˋsɪstərɪn͵lɔ]小姑 15. niece [nis]姪女/外甥女 16. nephew [ˋnɛfju]姪子/外甥

17. uncle [ˋʌŋk!]伯叔舅姑丈姨丈 18. aunt [ænt]阿姨伯母姑姑

19. cousin [ˋkʌzn]堂表兄弟姊20. relative [ˋrɛlətɪv]親戚

Tell your partner about your family.

There are five people in my family. I live with my parents, my brother, and my sister. My family and I live in the suburbs. My mother drives to work. My father is retired. He uses public transportation when he visits his friends.  My bother takes the MRT to work. My sister rides a scooter to school. I take the bus to work.

E2A L6 Unit 6 y sister works downtown.               Jess   P.2

D. Present Simple 現在簡單式

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變

化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

一、現在簡單式的使用時機

  1. 英文用現在簡單式用來表達重複進行的活動、習慣、嗜好。

I take a shower in the morning. / He plays basketball every weekend.

She takes a bus to school. / We don’t take the bus. We take the MRT.

2. 現在簡單式也用來表達事實、真理。

I’m a student. / He has two sons. / We love English.

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

 

二、現在簡單式的句型

(ㄧ)一般動詞的句型為S + V1 (V1指的是動詞的原形)

 

1. 肯定句     S  +   V1    (第三人稱單數動詞後要加s)

I      cook dinner five days a week.

My mother    cooks diner for me.

 

2. 否定與問句需要有do或does這兩個助動詞來幫忙。在助動詞後面加not

否定句     S   +   do/does not    +   V1

They        do not           eat breakfast every day.

He         does not          like Japanese food.

 

3. Yes/No 問句 把助動詞放在主詞前面造問句

Do/Does   +   S    +  V1

Do             you       live with your parents?

Does           Tom       speak English?

 

4. WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞,其他的部份

WH     do/does    +   S    +       V1

What time  do          you           finish work?

Where     does        Linda          go to school?

How       does        your father    like his job?

When       do        your parents    go on vacation?

當疑問詞what或who當主詞時,則不需要助動詞,而且動詞應用第三人稱單數。

What                              makes your happy?

Who                               cooks dinner for you?

 

三、現在簡單式副詞:every day, once a week, always, usually, often…等。

 

E2A L6 Unit 6 My sister works downtown.               Jess   P.3

D. Present Simple 現在簡單式

四、現在簡單式拼字與發音規則

英文在表達現在簡單式時,當主詞為第三人稱單數(任何可以用he、she、it代替的名詞)時,動詞後面要加s。加s的拼字與發音規則如下。

 

a. 拼字規則

  1. 大部分的動詞在字尾加s。

talk-talks, learn-learns, read-reads, get-gets

2. 當動詞字尾是sh, ch, ss, x, z時,則加es。

wash-washes, watch-watches, kiss-kisses, fix-fixes, buzz-buzzes

3. 當動詞字尾為子音加y時,需將y去掉,加ies。

study-studies, cry-cries, fly-flies, try-tries

4. 當動詞字尾為母音加y時,則只要加s,即可。

say-says, play-plays, pray-prays, pay-pays

5. 有幾個特別的變化需記住。

have-has, do-does, go-goes

 

b. 發音規則

  1. 當動詞字尾是無聲子音如/f/, /k/, /p/, /t/, 時,加s後,應讀做/s/。

Laugh-laughs, cook-cooks, stop-stops, meet-meets

2. 當動詞字尾是有聲子音如/d/, /n/, /l/, /v/ 等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。

Read-reads, learn, learns, sell, sells, live-lives, know-knows, see-sees

3. 當動詞字尾為/s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/, / dʒ /時,加s後,應讀做/ɪz/時。要注意的是,發音時看的是最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如dance就是這一類。

Miss-misses, buzz-buzzes, wish-wishes, match-matches, judge-judges,

 

英文字母的母音(vowels)為a, e, i, o, u,其餘為子音(consonants)。

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

 

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

 

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /,

/ ɔɪ/, / aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

 

1. save _______ 2. work ______ 3. notice ________ 4. try  _______

5. teach _______ 6. start ______ 7. buy ________ 8. fix  ________

9. have________  10. finish________

 

 

E2A L6 Unit 6 My sister works downtown.               Jess   P.4

E. Present Simple affirmatives and negatives practice 現在簡單式肯定句,否定句練習

記住現在簡單式可分為be動詞的句型跟一般動詞的句型。

  1. be動詞句型:造否定句跟疑問句都要用be動詞,造否定句只要在be動詞後面加not即可。
  2. 一般動詞句型:造否定句時跟疑問句時都需要助動詞do或does的幫忙。第三人稱單數he/she/it或任何可以用這三個代名詞代替時,用does。造否定句在does後面加not即可。

 

Make the following sentences opposite. 將下列句子改成相反的句子

I live in Taipei. – I don’t live in Taipei.  You are sad. – You aren’t sad.

She doesn’t play basketball.—She plays basketball.

 

  1. President Ma speaks Japanese.
  2. Beckham is Taiwanese.
  3. My mother enjoys cooking.
  4. My father has a car.
  5. We’re tired and we want to go to bed.
  6. Ben goes shopping in the night market.
  7. They smoke and they drink.
  8. Linda works at home because she has a computer.
  9. He doesn’t go to bed early.
  10. I’m not interested in English.
  11. Tom isn’t happy because he doesn’t have a new car.
  12. We don’t take the MRT to school.
  13. She doesn’t want to get married.
  14. We aren’t busy today because it isn’t a holiday.
  15. They don’t work on weekends.
  16. He doesn’t do exercise at home.

 

F. Present Simple Questions

  1. Do you sing in the shower? Yes, I do. I always sing in the shower.
  2. Do you read the newspaper in the morning? No, I don’t. I read online news.
  3. Do you study English in the morning? No, I don’t.
  4. Do you exercise every day? No, I don’t. I never exercise.
  5. Do you like the Internet? Yes, I love it. I use it every day.
  6. Do you have a computer? Yes, I do. I have a laptop computer.
  7. Do you have a cell phone? Yes, I do. I have an HTC one.
  8. Do you have two brothers? No, I don’t. I have two sisters.
  9. Do you walk to class? No, I don’t. I take the MRT.
  10. Do you speak three languages? No, I don’t. I speak Mandarin and English.

E2A L6 Unit 6 My sister works downtown.               Jess   P.5

F. Present Simple Questions

11.Do you play online games? No, I don’t. I don’t like online games.

12.Do you work at night? Yes, I do. I sometimes work overtime.

13.Do you work on weekends? No, I don’t. I work from Monday to Friday only.

14.Do you work in Taipei? No, I don’t. I work in Chungho.

15.Do you live alone? No, I don’t. I live with my coworkers.

16.Do you live in the suburbs? Yes, I do. I live in Tucheng.

17.Do both your parents work? No. My father works, but my mother is a housewife.

18.Do you eat dinner with your family every day? Yes, I do. I’m very lucky.

19. Do you stay home on weekends? No, I don’t. I go to the movies.

20. Do you get up before 7.00 A.M. on weekdays? Yes, I do. I get up at 6.00.

 

 

G. Prepositions of Time  時間介係詞

at a time of the day

時間點(幾點幾分)

I usually get up at 8 o’clock.

She starts work at 8.30.

at night 在晚上(特殊) Linda doesn’t like to work at night.
on a day

星期一至星期日前

I do yoga on Tuesdays.
weekend 週末 Tom goes hiking on weekends
a date or a holiday

特定日期或假日

My birthday is on July 25th.
in a part of the day

一天中的一部分

We often go for a walk in the afternoon/morning/evening.
a month 月份 Her birthday is in July.
a season 季節 They often take a trip to Paris in fall.
a year  年份 I was born in 1971.

Exercise

  1. Do you sometimes watch TV ____ the morning?
  2. Are you usually at home _____ 7 o’clock _____ the evening?
  3. Do you sometimes work ______ night?
  4. What do you usually do _____ weekends?
  5. Do you usually go shopping _____ Saturdays?
  6. Do you go hiking ____ summer?
  7. Do you have a holiday _____ December?
  8. What do you usually do ______ your birthday?
  9. I do not eat breakfast _____ Sunday morning.
  10. He was born _____ 1985.
  11. Do you eat lunch ___ noon?

E2A L6 Unit 6 My sister works downtown.               Jess   P.6

H. Exercise 練習題

1. 她有一個新工作,而且她開車去上班。

2. 我的雙親在市中心工作,但是他們不搭火車。

3. 我住的離這兒不遠。

4. 他不是一個人住。

5. 我週末都睡到很晚。

6. 我們一點在這家餐廳碰面吧!

7. 你起床起的早嗎?不,我起得很晚。

8. 他中午12點吃午餐嗎?不,他在一點吃午餐。

9. 你怎麼上班?我騎摩托車。

10. 他什麼時候開車上班?他每天開車上班。

 

Answer Key 解答

 

D. Present Simple

1. saves/z/ 2. works/s/ 3. notices/ɪz/ 4. tries/z/ 5. teaches/ɪz/

6. starts/s/ 7. buys/z/ 8. fix/ɪz/ 9. has/z/ 10. finishes/ɪz/

 

E. Present Simple affirmatives and negatives practice 現在簡單式肯定句,否定句練習

 

  1. President Ma doesn’t speak Japanese.
  2. Beckham isn’t Taiwanese.
  3. My mother doesn’t enjoy cooking.
  4. My father doesn’t have a car.
  5. We aren’t tired and we don’t to go to bed.
  6. Ben doesn’t go shopping in the night market.
  7. They don’t smoke and they don’t drink.
  8. Linda doesn’t works at home because she doesn’t have a computer.
  9. He goes to bed early.
  10. I’m interested in English.

E2A L6 Unit 6 My sister works downtown.               Jess   P.7

E. Present Simple affirmatives and negatives practice 現在簡單式肯定句,否定句練習

11Tom is happy because he has a new car.

12.We take the MRT to school.

13. She wants to get married.

14. We are busy today because it is a holiday.

15. They work on weekends.

16. He does exercise at home.

 

 

H. Prepositions of Preposition

1. in  2. at, in  3. at  4. on   5. on  6. in  7. in  8. on  9. on 

10. in  11. at

 

 

 

G. Exercise 練習題

  1. She has a new job, and she drives to work.
  2. My parents work downtown, but they don’t take the train.
  3. I don’t live far from here.
  4. He doesn’t live alone.
  5. I sleep late on weekends.
  6. Let’s meet at this restaurant at one o’clock.
  7. Do you get up early? No, I get up late.
  8. Does he have lunch at noon? No, he eats lunch at one o’clock.
  9. How do you get to work? I ride a scooter.
  10. When does he drive to work? He drives to work every day.
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