E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time

真糟糕,似乎有點感冒越來越嚴重的樣子,一直覺得很冷,過敏也很嚴重。希望晚上上課順利啊!Have a good week 🙂

 

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.1

          jessielinhuiching@gmail.com/jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

週末活動,運動與休閒活動

句型重點

過去簡單式一般動詞的規則與不規則變化

 

  1. A.  Warm-up Questions 暖身問題
  2. How was your day?  It was not bad.
  3. Where were you born?  I was born in Taichung.
  4. When were you born?  I was born on January 5th, 1985.
  5. Where were you last night?  I was at home.
  6. Who were you with?  I was with my family. / I was on my own.

 

Are you a student? Where do you go to school?

What do you do? Where do you work?

Where do you live? How do you get here?

What do you do in your free time? What do you do on weekend?

 

  1. B.  Yesterday 昨天

英文在表達過去發生的事情時要用的是過去式,在過去簡單式中的一般動詞必須用動詞的第二個變化,過去式動詞。過去式動詞可分為規則與不規則變化兩種。規則變化的動詞在改成過去式時只要在後面加上ed,就可以表達過去式。不規則變化的動詞則是可能跟動詞原型完全不同,而且沒有一定的規則可循,先把常見的動詞記起來,然後看到一個記一個,不確定的時候可以查字典。不規則變化在字典中都會列出。

Regular Verbs規則動詞:

1. play-played 玩 2. stay-stayed 待在..  3. clean-cleaned 打掃

4. listen-listened 聽 5. watch-watched 看 6. cook-cooked 做菜

7. work-worked工作 8. start-started 開始 10. want-wanted 想要

Irregular Verbs 不規則動詞:

1. get-got 拿 2. have-had 有 3. go-went 去 4. buy-bought 買

5. see-saw 看 6. eat-ate 吃 7. drink-drank 喝 8. spend-spent 花費

句型:1. 肯定句S + V2 : I ate a sandwich.

2. 否定句 S + didn’t + V1 : I didn’t eat a hamburger.

Yesterday was Sunday. I got up at noon. I didn’t have breakfast. I had lunch with my family. My mom cooked dinner for us. After lunch, I went to the department store. I bought some clothes. I ate dinner in a restaurant and I drank some beer. I got home at 10.00. I was very tired. I went to bed at 11.30.

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.2

  1. C.   Last weekend 上週末

過去式的疑問句句型:

Yes/No 問句 Did + S + V1?

Did you have a good weekend?  Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.

Did he go shopping last night?  Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t.

WH問句:   WH疑問詞 + did + S + V1?

What did you do last weekend?  I went shopping.

Who did you go shopping with?  I went with my friend.

Where did you go?             I went to Global Mall.

  1. Did you have a good weekend? Yes, I did.
  2. What did you do?  I went shopping at Global Mall.
  3. Who did you go with?  I went there by myself.
  4. What did you buy?  I bought some clothes and a bag.
  5. How much did you spend?  I spent $5,000.
  6. Where did you eat dinner?  I ate dinner at Friday’s.
  7. What did you drink?   I drank some coke.
  8. Did you get up early?  No, I didn’t. I got up at 11.00 a.m.
  9. Did you go to bed late?  Yes, I went to bed at 2.00 a.m.

 

  1. D.  Questionnaire 問卷調查

 

names
1.Did you go to the movies last week?

 

2.Did you go shopping last month?

 

3.Did you eat in a restaurant yesterday?

 

4.Did you go to a party last month?

 

5.Did you surf the Net today?

 

6.Did you watch TV last night?

 

7.Did drink coffee this morning?

 

 

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.3

  1. E.  Sports and leisure 運動與休閒

1. play soccer 打排球 2. play golf 打高爾夫球 3. play tennis 打網球

4. play cards 打牌 5. paly baseball 打棒球 6. play ice hockey 打冰上曲棍球 7. go ice skating 溜冰 8. go windsurfing 玩風帆 9. go sailing 航海

10. go walking 走路,健行 11. go swimming 游泳 12. go skiing 溜冰

13. go bicycling 騎腳踏車 14. go dancing 跳舞

 

sport跟exercise的區別

sports 跟exercise這兩個名詞中文都翻成運動,但是在英文意思上有些區別,用的動詞也不一樣。

sport一般指的是競賽類運動,像籃球,棒球,足球類的運動。本身可數,用的動詞是play,本身不當動詞用。

What sports do you play?  I play basketball.

 

exercise一般指的是為了身體健康,鍛鍊身體所做的運動。本身不可數,用的動詞是do。但是exercise這個字也可以拿來當動詞用。

What exercise do you do?  I do yoga.

Where do you exercise?   I exercise at the gym.

 

表達做競賽的運動時用play + sports:play basketball

表達為了身體健康做的運動時do + exercise: do yoga, do

另外英文用go加上動名詞來表達從事某樣活動 go + V-ing: go swimming

 

A: Do you play basketball?

B: Yes, I do.

A: When did you last play basketball?

B: I played basketball last weekend.

 

A: Do you do yoga?

B: No, I don’t.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.4

  1. F.   Simple Past Questions
  2. How was your weekend?  It was great. / It was O.K.
  3. Did you go to the movies last weekend?

Yes, I went to the movies. I saw the movie “Lincoln”.

  1. Did you go shopping last weekend?

Yes, I went shopping. I bought some clothes.

  1. Did you eat in a restaurant last weekend?

Yes, I ate in an Italian restaurant. It was really good.

  1. Did you see your friends last weekend? No, I didn’t. I stayed home.
  2. Did you go to the KTV last weekend?

Yes, I went to New CB Party.

  1. Did you do a lot of homework yesterday? No, I didn’t do any homework.
  2. Did you do exercise last weekend? Yes, I went swimming near my home.
  3. Did you go out last night? Yes, I went to the night market.
  4. Did you go to bed early last night? No, I went to bed at 2 A.M.
  5. Did you get up early yesterday? Yes, I got up at 8 A.M.
  6. Did you watch TV yesterday morning? No, I watched TV in the evening.
  7. Where were you last night?  I was at home.
  8. What did you do yesterday evening?  I went shopping in Xinmen.
  9. What did you buy yesterday?

I bought a new cell phone. / I didn’t buy anything.

  1. What did you drink yesterday?  I drank coffee, tea, and water.
  2. Who did you call yesterday?  I called my sister and my friend.
  3. What did you eat for breakfast yesterday?

I ate a sandwich and drank some milk.

  1. How long did you use the computer yesterday?

I used the computer for 3 hours. I chatted online with friends.

20. Where did you have dinner last night?

I had dinner at home. I cooked some instant noodles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.5 D. 過去簡單式Simple Past                

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

一、過去簡單式的使用時機

1. 英文用過去簡單式用來表達發生在過去的事件。

I went home late last night.

He had a great time at his birthday party.

2. 過去簡單式也用來表達在過去重複進行的活動、習慣。

We lived in America for five years when I was a child.

My grandmother went to church every Sunday morning.

 

二、過去簡單式的句型

(一)過去簡單式一般動詞的句型為S + V2(V2指的是動詞的過去式)

肯定句     S    +    V2

I           ate a big dinner last night.

Tina          got married when she was 18.

 

否定與問句需要用did這個助動詞來幫忙。

否定句在助動詞後面加not, 記得助動詞後動詞要改回原型動詞。

否定句     S   +    did not    +   V1

They        didn’t         do their homework.

He          didn’t         sing at the KTV last weekend.

 

Yes/No 問句把助動詞did放在主詞前面造問句,助動詞後用原型動詞。

Did   +   S    +  V1

Did       you       sleep well last night?

Did       Tom       have a good time?

 

WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、原型動詞。

因為what 跟who 可以當主詞,當主詞時則不須助動詞,動詞用過去式。

WH             did   +   S    +   V1

What time    did        you         get up this morning?

Where         did        Linda       go last weekend?

Who         did     you       go shopping with?

Who/What +  V2

Who        took my umbrella?

Wha       happened last night?

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.6

過去簡單式Simple Past                           

 

(二)、過去簡單式Be的句型為

主詞+    過去式Be  +名詞/形容詞/介係詞片語

S  +   was/were       +noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

                        

肯定句    S     was/were noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

I          was          a housewife.

You         were        happy earlier.

My father   was          at home this morning.

 

否定與問句用本身的be動詞來改否定與造問句。

否定句只要在Be後面加not

否定句    S + was/were + not +  noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

I              was     not     a teacher last year.

You           were    not     sad this morning.

My father     was     not     at work yesterday.

Yes/No 問句 Be放在主詞前面造問句

Was/Were +    S  +      noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

Was            I                   loud earlier?

Were         you                 in the office this morning?

Was       your mother         away last week?

 

WH問句則將WH疑問詞放在最前面再依序放Be、主詞與其他部分

WH  word+ was/were +   S  +   noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

When             were         you            born?

Where           were         you           last night?

How               was        your day?

 

 

切記在過去簡單式中,一般動詞與Be絕對不會同時出現。

 

三、過去簡單式的副詞如:this morning, this afternoon, this evening, tonight, yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, yesterday evening, last night, this Monday, last weekend, this January, last April, yesterday, the day before yesterday, three days ago, five years ago, in 2005…等。

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.7

過去簡單式Simple Past                         

四、過去簡單式規則動詞過去式的拼字與發音變化的規則

  1. A.   規則動詞的過去式拼字變化如下:
  2. 大多數的動詞在過去式時只要在字尾加ed。

work-worked, help-helped, call-called, wash-washed

  1. 動詞字尾已經有e時,只要加d即可。

live-lived, die-died, dance-danced, smile-smiled

  1. 動詞字尾為子音加y時,必須去y加ied。

study-studied, cry-cried, worry-worried, copy-copied.

  1. 只有一個音節的動詞字尾發音為短母音加子音時,重複字尾再加ed。

shop-shopped, plan-planned, tap-tapped, hop-hopped

  1. 兩個音節以上且重音在最後一個音節的動詞,字尾發音為短母音加子音時,也需重複字尾加ed。

admit-admitted, prefer-preferred, omit-omitted, occur-occurred

 

  1. B.   規則動詞的過去式發音的變化如下:
  2. 動詞字尾是無聲子音時,加ed後讀/ t /。無聲子音指的是除了/ t /之外的

/ k /, / f /, / s /, / ʃ/, / tʃ/, /θ / 等。

cook-cooked, laugh-laughed, kiss-kissed, wash-washed, watch-watched

  1. 動詞字尾是有聲子音或母音時,加ed後讀/d/。有聲子音指的是除了/ d /之外的/ b /, / g /, / r /, / l /, / m /, / n /, / v / 等。

call-called, rain-rained, love-loved, play-played, try-tried

  1. 動詞字尾的發音是/ t /, / d /的發音時,加ed後讀/ɪd /。

want-wanted, need-needed, visit-visited, wait-waited

 

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

 

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /,

/ ɔɪ/, / aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

1. smile ________   2. laugh __________    3. count ________

4. try _________    5. touch _________    6. fold ___________

7. ask _________    8. play __________    9. visit __________

10. shop __________

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.8

1. be       是

2. buy      買

3. come    來

4. do       做

5. drink    喝

6. drive    開車

7. eat      吃

8. find     找

9. fly      飛

10. forget  忘記

11. get     到達

12. give    給

13. go     去

14. have   有,吃

15. know   認識

16, leave   離開

17. lose    輸

18. make   做

19. meet   碰面

20. quit    辭職

21. read    閱讀

22. ride    騎車

23. run     跑步

24. see     看

25. sell     賣

26. sing    唱歌

27. sit     坐

28. sleep   睡覺

29. speak  說話

30. spend  花費

31. swim   游泳

32. take    拿

33. think    想

34. wear    穿

35. win      贏

36. write    寫

was/were

bought

came

did

drank

drove

ate

found

flew

forgot

got

gave

went

had

knew

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

rode

ran

saw

sold

sang

sat

slept

spoke

spent

swam

took

thought

wore

won

wrote

been

bought

come

done

drunk

driven

eaten

found

flown

forgotten

gotten

given

gone

had

known

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

ridden

run

seen

sold

sung

sat

slept

spoken

spent

swum

taken

thought

worn

won

written

being

buying

coming

doing

drinking

driving

eating

finding

flying

forgetting

getting

giving

going

having

knowing

leaving

losing

making

meeting

quitting

reading

riding

running

seeing

selling

singing

sitting

sleeping

speaking

spending

swimming

taking

thinking

wearing

winning

writing

 

1. smiled  2. laughed  3. counted

4. tried  5. touched  6. folded

7. asked  8. played  9. visited

10. shopped

 

 

2 thoughts on “E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time

留言必須留下名字郵件地址經審核後才會出現

在下方填入你的資料或按右方圖示以社群網站登入:

WordPress.com Logo

你正使用 WordPress.com 帳號留言。 登出 / 變更 )

Twitter picture

你正使用 Twitter 帳號留言。 登出 / 變更 )

Facebook照片

你正使用 Facebook 帳號留言。 登出 / 變更 )

Google+ photo

你正使用 Google+ 帳號留言。 登出 / 變更 )

連結到 %s