E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live

昨天打到很晚,結果今天早上起來覺得應該寫更細一點,所以呢,恩,改了不少,希望沒有同學已經下載了。其實也沒關係,只是句型說明比較詳細,針對同學容易犯錯的地方特別說明。晚上見。頭好痛,又來吃藥看醫生,不然晚上上課又頭痛的話就太慘了。

東西超多的這一課,其實就是單字多,有空預習一下,不然上起來很吃力,剛剛潔西也打到手都軟了。原本想說很快,所以就沒帶護腕,眼睛也好酸,睡覺去。有錯誤在根潔西說,今天去跟太陽公公跳舞,本來心情很好,後來發生一點是,跟這部落格有關,明天再說。晚安。

 

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.1

     jessielinhuiching@gmail.com/ jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題房間,傢具 句型重點There is/are句型,方位介系詞
  1. A.  Warm-up Questions 暖身問題

Vocabulary:

1. apartment [əˋpɑrtmənt] 公寓 2. floor [flor] 樓層,地板

3. first  [fɝst] 第一 4. second [ˋsɛkənd ] 第二5. third [θɝd] 第三

6. fourth [forθ] 第四 7. fifth[fɪfθ] 第五 8. yard [jɑrd] 庭院

  1. How are you today?  Pretty good. Thanks. And you?
  2. Where do you live?   I live in Chungho.
  3. Who do you live with?   I live with my father and my younger brother.

I live alone. / I live with my coworkers.

  1. Do you live in a house or an apartment?  I live in an apartment.
  2. What floor do you live on?  I live on the first floor.
  3. Do you have a yard?  No, we don’t.
  1. B.  Rooms 房間

1. bedroom [ˋbɛd͵rum] 臥室 2. bathroom [ˋbæθ͵rum]  浴室

3. living room [ˋlɪvɪŋ] [rum]客廳 4. dining room[ˋdaɪnɪŋ] [rum] 餐廳

5. kitchen[ˋkɪtʃɪn]  廚房

How many rooms are there in your house/apartment?

There are eight rooms in my apartment. There are three bedrooms, two bathrooms, one living room, one dining room, and one kitchen.

bedroom bathroom living room dining room kitchen others
student 1
student 2
student 3
student 4
student 5

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.2

  1. C.   Furniture [ˋfɝnɪtʃɚ] 傢俱
  2. bed [bɛd] 床  2. shower [ˋʃaʊɚ] 蓮蓬頭  3. toilet [ˋtɔɪlɪt]  馬桶

4. lamp [læmp] 電燈  5. laptop [ˋlæptɑp] 筆電 6. desk [dɛsk] 書桌7.TV電視

8. DVD player DVD播放器 9. sofa [ˋsofə]沙發 10. armchair [ˋɑrm͵tʃɛr]扶手椅 11. magazine [͵mægəˋzin] 雜誌 12. picture [ˋpɪktʃɚ] 圖片13. table [ˋteb!]桌子 14. stove [stov]爐子 15. fridge [frɪdʒ]冰箱

What is in your living room?

There is a sofa, a TV, an armchair and a table in my living room.

What is in your dining room?

There are four chairs, a table, a lamp in my dining room.

I don’t have a dining room.

 

  1. D.  There is / There are
  2. 使用時機:

there is / there are 中文翻成有,常用來表達在什麼地方有什麼東西。

Look! There’s a hot chick over there! 看!那裡有個辣妹!(口語)

There are five rooms in my apartment. 我的公寓有五間房間。

have/has 中文也翻成有,不過通常用在人擁有的東西。

He has a hot girlfriend. 他有個很辣的女朋友。

She has brown hair and blue eyes. 她有棕髮與藍眼睛。

  1. 本課句型:

1. Affirmative 肯定句

There is + a/an + 單數名詞 + 介系詞 + 名詞.

There are + some/a lot of/數量詞 + 複數名詞s + 介系詞+ 名詞.

這個句型比較特別

虛主詞there放在放最前面,

動詞用is或are決定於緊接著在後面的真正的主詞

there is 可以縮寫成there’s,there are 不可以縮寫

真正的主詞假如是單數可數用a/an + 單數名詞

真正的主詞假如是複數名詞,前面可以用some, a lot of, 或數量詞來修飾

再加複數名詞,記得複數名詞後面要加s

最後面的地點用介系詞 + 名詞的片語來表示

There is an armchair in the living room.

There’s a shower in the bathroom.

There are four chairs in dining room.

There are a lot of magazines on the floor.

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.3

  1. D.  There is / There are

2. Negative 否定句

There is + not + a/an + 單數名詞 + 介系詞 + 名詞.

There are + not + any + 複數名詞s + 介系詞+ 名詞.

否定句直接在there is/are後面接not就可以。

單數可以用There is not…或縮寫成There’s not… 或 There isn’t…

複數可以用There are not…或所寫成There aren’t…

複數名詞的否定not後常加any,表示沒有任何的東西。

切記:單數名詞後面只可以加a,不可以加any。any後面只可以接複數可數

名詞或不可數的單數名詞。簡單記法any + 複數名詞s

There is not a book on the table.

There’s not a lamp in the dining room.

There isn’t an apple in the fridge.

There are not any pictures in my kitchen.

There aren’t any chairs in my bedroom.

3. Yes/No Questions  Yes/No 問句

Is there + a/an + 單數名詞 + 介系詞 + 名詞 ?

Are there + any + 複數名詞s + 介系詞+ 名詞 ?

任何有be動詞的句子造Yes/No問句都是把is/are移到主詞前,也就是

放到句首。

單數問句把is放到句首,不要忘了在名詞前加a

複數問句會在主詞後加上any,後面的名詞記得加s

回答簡答時,Yes, there is. 中there is 不可以縮寫。

some多用在肯定句,any用在否定句與疑問句。

切記:is跟are 放到最前面後不要再重複

常見錯誤:Is there is an appleAre there are any books?

Is there a laptop on the desk?

Yes, there is. / Yes, there is a laptop on the desk.

No, there isn’t. / No, there isn’t a laptop on the desk.

Are there any pictures on the wall?

Yes, there is. / Yes, there is a picture on the wall.

Yes, there are. / Yes, there are three pictures on the wall.

Yes, there are a lot of pictures on the wall.

Yes, there are some pictures on the wall.

No, there aren’t. / No, there aren’t any pictures on the wall.

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.4

  1. D.  There is / There are

4. WH Questions  WH問句

How many + 複數名詞s + are there + 介系詞+ 名詞 ?

常見的問題是在什麼地方有多少東西。

How many magazines are there on the table?

There is one magazine on the table.

There are three magazines on the table.

There are a lot of magazines

How many students are there in the classroom?

There are twenty students in the classroom.

 

  1. E.  My favorite room

Robert’s Living Room (P.53)

Vocabulary: 1. great [gret]很棒的  2. video game[ˋvɪdɪ͵o] [gem]  電視遊樂器 3. poster[ˋpostɚ] 海報 4. wall[wɔl] 牆壁 5. clean[klin]  乾淨的

6. comfortable [ˋkʌmfɚtəb!]舒適的 7. picture [ˋpɪktʃɚ]  照片

8. photograph [ˋfotə͵græf] 照片9. there [ðɛr] 那裡

Use the following sentences as a model to talk about your favorite room.

My favorite room is my bedroom.

It’s not very big, but it’s very comfortable.

There’s a bed, and there are two pictures on the wall.

There’s a table with a laptop computer on it, and there is an armchair.

There’s a bookcase and there are a lot of books.

I like sitting on my bed, reading and listening to music.

My favorite room is _______________.

It’s ____________________________.

There is/are _____________________.

There is/are _____________________.

There is/are _____________________.

I like ___________________________.

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.5

  1. F.  Prepositions介係詞

Vocabulary:

1. in [ɪn] 在裡面 2. on [ɑn] 在上面  3. under [ˋʌndɚ] 在下面

4. in front of [ɪn] [frʌnt] [ɑv] 在前面 5. behind [bɪˋhaɪnd] 在後面

6. between [bɪˋtwin] 在中間  7. next to [ˋnɛkst] [tu]  在旁邊

8. car key [kɑr] [ki] 車子鎖匙 9. drawer [ˋdrɔɚ] 抽屜

10. soccer ball [ˋsɑkɚ] [bɔl] 足球 11. sneakers [ˋsnikɚz] 運動鞋

12. bag [bæg] 袋子 13. gym bag [dʒɪm] [bæg] 健身房袋子

14. cell phone[sɛl] [fon] 手機 15. credit card [ˋkrɛdɪt] [kɑrd] 信用卡

16. sweater[ˋswɛtɚ] 毛衣 17. alarm clock [əˋlɑrm] [klɑk] 鬧鐘

單數用Where is + the +單數名詞?的句型   回答: It’s + 介 + the + 名詞.

複數用Where are + the +複數名詞?的句型 回答:They’re + 介 + the + 名詞.

注意事項:

問什麼東西在什麼地方,因為是問特定的東西,所以東西前要加the或所有格形容詞my, Tom’s等。

回答的時候因為也是表達跟相對特定的東西間的關係,所以答案的地點也要加the或所有格形容詞。

Where 跟is可以縮寫成Where’s,但是Where跟are不可縮寫。

Where is my laptop?   It’s on the desk.

Where’s the CD?      It’s under the table.

Where are the keys?  They’re next to the cell phone.

Where are my glasses? They are on your head!

用教室裡面的東西或你自己的東西造兩個使用了地方介系詞的問句。一個單數一個複數。並寫出答案。然後考考你的同學

Ex:

  1. Where is the teacher?  She is in front of the whiteboard.
  2. Is there a pencil under your table? No, there isn’t a pencil under my table.

Your questions                         Your answers

1.

2.

E2B L7 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.6

Vocabulary

1. country [ˋkʌntrɪ]國家2. wallet [ˋwɑlɪt]皮夾 3. clothes [kloz]衣服 4. rats [ræt]老鼠

  1. How many rooms are there in your apartment? There are five rooms in my apartment.
  2. How many students are there in the classroom? There are 15 students in the classroom.
  3. How many floors are there in this building? There are ten floors in this building.
  4. How many classrooms are there on this floor? There are six classrooms on this floor.
  5. How many people are there in your family? There are five people in my family.
  6. How many countries are there in the world? I’m not sure. I guess there are about 200 countries in the world.
  7. How many windows are there in your bedroom? There is one window in my bedroom. / There aren’t any windows in my bedroom.
  8. How many televisions are there in your home? There are three televisions in my home.
  9. How many keys are there in your bag? There are three keys in my bag.
  10. How many credit cards are there in your wallet? There is only one credit card in my wallet.
  11. Is there a sofa in your living room? Yes, there’s a sofa in my living room.
  12. Is there a computer in your bedroom? No, there isn’t a computer in my bedroom. There’s a computer in the living room.
  13. Is there an armchair in your bedroom? Yes, there’s an armchair in my bedroom.
  14. Is there a lamp in your kitchen? No, there isn’t a lamp in my kitchen.
  15. Is there a picture in your dining room? Yes, there’s a picture.
  16. Are there any magazines in your bathroom? Yes, there are some magazines in my bathroom.
  17. Are there any clothes on your bed? No, there aren’t any clothes on my bed.
  18. Are there any rats in your apartment? Yes, there are some rats in my apartment.
  19. Are there any photographs in your wallet? Yes, there is a photograph of my son in my wallet.
  20. 20.  Are there any flowers in your living room? Yes, there are some beautiful flowers in my living room.

 

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