E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life                         Jess Lin    P.1

                                 jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

國家,城市,數字

句型重點

現在簡單式一般動詞,定冠詞a,an

 

A. Warm-up Questions

1. Do you have any brothers or sisters? Yes, I do. I have two sisters.

2. Do you have NT500 in your wallet? No, I don’t. I only have $100.

3. Do you have five credit cards? Yes, I have more than five credit cards.

4. Do you have a job? Yes, I do. I’m an engineer.

5. Do you have a cat? Yes, I have a cat and a rabbit.

6. Do you have English classes in the morning?

No, I have English classes at night.

7. Does your father have a beautiful daughter? Yes, he does.

8. Does your mother have a handsome son? No, she doesn’t.

9. Does your best friend have a Japanese car? Yes, he does.

10. Does your teacher have short hair? No, she doesn’t.

 

B. Sports, Food, and Drink

Sports

1. basketball  籃球 2. baseball   棒球 3. badminton 羽毛球

4. soccer  足球 5. football 美式足球  6. tennis 網球  7. golf  高爾夫

8. swimming  游泳 9. jogging  慢跑  10. hiking   健行

 

Food

1. Italian food  義大利菜 2. Chinese food 中國菜 3. Japanese food 日本菜 4. American food   美國菜  5. Thai food 泰國菜   6. pizza   披薩                     7. hamburgers 漢堡 8. oranges橘子9. ice cream 冰淇淋  10. noodles 湯麵

 

Drinks

1. tea  茶 2. coffee  咖啡 3. soda  汽水 4. juice  果汁 5. water  水                6. milk   牛奶  7. pearl milk tea/ bubble tea  珍珠奶茶  8. beer 啤酒              9. wine  葡萄酒  10. cocktail   雞尾酒

 

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life                         Jess Lin    P.2

B. Sports, Food, and Drink

A: It’s a kind of drink. It’s bitter. You can find it at Starbucks.

What’s this?

B: It’s coffee!

A: Yes, that’s right. Do you like coffee?

B: Yes, I like coffee. / No, I don’t like coffee.

 

 

C. About you

1. Do you come from Taipei?  Yes, I do. I come from Taipei.

2. Do you live in Banqiao?  No, I don’t. I live in Tucheng.

3. Do you live in an apartment?  Yes, I live in an apartment.

4. Do you work in a foreign company? No, I don’t. I work in a local company.

5. Do you like Korean food?  Yes, I do. I like it a lot.

6. Do you like your job?  Yes, I love it.

7. Do you drink coffee?  No, I drink tea and water.

8. Do you speak Taiwanese and Hakka?

I speak Taiwanese, but I don’t speak Hakka.

 

1. My name’s ____________.

2. I come from __________.

3. I live in _____________.

4. I work in ____________.

5. I’m a/an _____________.

6. I eat _______________.

7. I drink ______________.

8. I like _______________.

9. I don’t like ___________.

10. I speak _____________.

11. I want to ____________.

 

 

 

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life                         Jess Lin    P.3

D. Questions

1. Where do you come from?   I come from Taipei.

2. Where do you live?      I live in Chungho.

3. Do you live in an apartment? No, I don’t. I live in a house.

4. Where do you work?    I work in a bank in Sanchung.

5. Do you like your job?   Yes, I like my job very much.

6. Do you like Korean food?   No, I don’t like Korean food.

7. What kind of food do you like?   I like Chinese food and Japanese food.

8. Do you like tennis?   Yes, I love tennis!

9. What sports do you like?  I like basketball.

10. Do you like beer?   No, I like wine.

11. What drinks do you like?  I like tea, coffee, and beer.

12. Do you speak Japanese? Yes, I speak Japanese.

13. What language do you speak?   I speak Chinese, Japanese, and English.

14. Do you play badminton?   No, I don’t play badminton.

15. What sports do you play?

I don’t play any sports, but I watch baseball games on TV.

16. Do you like American movies?  Yes, I like American movies a lot.

17. Do you have a Japanese car?

No, I don’t have a Japanese car, but I have a Japanese camera.

18. Do you read English magazines?

No, I don’t read English magazines, but I visit English learning websites.

19. Do you cook Italian food? No, I don’t cook Italian food, but I cook

Japanese food and Chinese food.

20. Do you listen to English songs?  Yes, I listen to English songs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life                          Jess Lin    P.4

E. 現在簡單式Present Simple                 

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

一、現在簡單式的使用時機

  1. 英文用現在簡單式用來表達重複進行的活動、習慣、嗜好。

I get up at 7.30.

She takes a bus to school.

  1. 現在簡單式也用來表達事實、真理。

Honesty is the best policy. 誠實為上策。

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 日出於東落於西。

二、現在簡單式的句型

一般動詞的句型為S + V1 (V1指的是動詞的原形)

肯定句     S  +   V1    (第三人稱單數動詞後要加s)

I      cook dinner five days a week.

My mother    cooks diner for me.

否定與問句需要有do或does這兩個助動詞來幫忙。否定句在助動詞後面加not

否定句     S   +   do/does not    +   V1

They        don’t       eat breakfast every day.

He        doesn’t       like Japanese food.

Yes/No 問句 把助動詞放在主詞前面造問句

Do/Does   +   S    +  V1π

Do           you       live with your parents?

Does         Tom       speak English?

 

WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞

當what who 當主詞時,則不需要助動詞

WH     do/does    +   S    +   V1

What time  do          you        finish work?

Where     does        Linda       go to school?

Who        do          you        have dinner with?

Who                               cooks dinner for you?

三、現在簡單式的副詞如:every day, once a week, always, usually, often,

sometimes, …等。

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life                           Jess Lin    P.5

現在簡單式Present Simple

四、現在簡單式拼字與發音規則

英文在表達現在簡單式時,當主詞為第三人稱單數(任何可以用he、she、it代替的名詞)時,動詞後面要加s。加s的拼字與發音規則如下。

拼字規則

  1. 大部分的動詞在字尾加s。

talk-talks, learn-learns, read-reads, get-gets

  1. 當動詞字尾是sh, ch, ss, x, z時,則加es。

wash-washes, watch-watches, kiss-kisses, fix-fixes, buzz-buzzes

  1. 當動詞字尾為子音加y時,需將y去掉,加ies。

study-studies, cry-cries, fly-flies, try-tries

  1. 當動詞字尾為母音加y時,則只要加s,即可。

say-says, play-plays, pray-prays, pay-pays

  1. 有幾個特別的變化需記住。

have-has, do-does, go-goes

發音規則

  1. 當動詞字尾是無聲子音如/f/, /k/, /p/, /t/, 時,加s後,應讀做/s/。

Laugh-laughs, cook-cooks, stop-stops, meet-meets

  1. 當動詞字尾是有聲子音如/d/, /n/, /l/, /v/ 等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。

Read-reads, learn, learns, sell, sells, live-lives, know-knows, see-sees

  1. 當動詞字尾為/s/, /z/, / ʃ /, / tʃ /, / dʒ /, 時,加s後,應讀做/ ɪz/。要注意的是,發音時看的是最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如dance就是這一類。

Miss-misses, buzz-buzzes, wish-wishes, match-matches, judge-judges,

英文字母的母音(vowels)為a, e, i, o, u,其餘為子音(consonants)。

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

 

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /, / ɔɪ/,

/ aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

   

 

 

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