E2B L2 Unit 2 Your World 2012/12/25

E2B的課本換新的,所以新的講義會跟舊的有一點不同,但是其實內容大同小異,改的範圍不多,新的講義會陸續放上來,這是下星期大家去跨年時年夜的課程,因為跟同學說不來的可以先預習,

E2B L2 Unit 2 Your World                          Jessie Lin    P.1                                               jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題 句型重點
國家,城市,數字 現在簡單式be

 

  1. A.  Warm-up Questions 暖身問題

1. Where do you live?   I live in Tucheng. I live with my family.

2. How do you get here?    I get here by bus. It takes 15 minutes.

3. What do you do?     I am a salesperson. I work in a computer company.

4. What do you do in your free time?

I go shopping, surf the Net, and listen to music.

5. Why do you study English?  I want to improve my English.

 

B. Countries and Cities 城市與國家

Countries Cities
1. Australia [ɔˈstreljə]    澳洲 Sydney [sɪdnɪ]                雪梨
2. Brazil [ˈbrə’zɪl]        巴西 São Paulo  [saʊˋpaʊlo]        聖保羅
3. Canada [ˋkænədə]      加拿大 Montreal [͵mɑntrɪˋɔl]         蒙特羅
4. China [ˋtʃaɪnə]         中國 Beijing [beˋdʒin]              北京
5. England [ˋɪŋglənd]      英國 London [ˋlʌndən]              倫敦
6. Egypt [ˋidʒɪpt]         埃及 Cairo [ˋkaɪro]                 開羅
7. France [fræns]        法國 Pairs [ˋpærɪs]                巴黎
8. Hungary [ˋhʌŋgərɪ]     匈牙利 Budapest [͵budəˋpɛst]        布達佩斯
8. Japan [dʒəˋpæn]       日本 Tokyo [ˋtokɪo]                東京
9. Korea [koˈriə]          韓國 Seoul [sol]                   首爾
10. Mexico [ˋmɛksɪ͵ko]    墨西哥 Mexico City [ˋmɛksɪ͵ko] [ˋsɪtɪ] 墨西哥市
12. Russia [ˋrʌʃə]         俄羅斯 Moscow [ˋmɑsko]             莫斯科
11. Spain [spen]          西班牙 Madrid [məˋdrɪd]             馬德里
12. the United States[ðə] [juˋnaɪtɪd] [stet]  美國 Miami [maɪˋæmɪ]             邁阿密Los Angeles [lasˋændʒɪliz]    洛杉磯

 

1. What’s your name?     My name’s Mario.

Where are you from?  I’m from Brazil.

2. What’s his name?      His name’s Thomas.

Where’s he from?     He’s from Canada.

3. What’s her name?     Her name’s Lisa.

Where’s she from?    She’s from Spain.

E2B L2 Unit 2 Your World                          Jessie Lin    P.2

  1. C.  Subject Pronouns & Possessive Adjectives 主格代名詞與所有格形容詞

人稱代名詞可用來代表前面說過的人、事、物。

主格代名詞用來代替前面說過的主詞。主詞一般放在句首,在動詞的前面。

I am from Taiwan.  He speaks English.   They like coffee.

 

所有格形容詞放在名詞前面,用來表達該名詞是屬於誰的。所以所有格形容詞後面一定會加名詞。

This is not his book.   Our favorite sport is basketball.  His name is Mike.

主格 I 我 you 你 he 他 she 她 it 它 we 我們 they 他們
所有格 my 我的 your你的 his 他的 her 她的 its 它的 our 我們的 their他們的
  1. I am a teacher. ____ name is Jessie.
  2. _____ are next to me.  Your seat is here.
  3. He is a student. ______ major is Math.
  4. _____ is my best friend. Her name is Kathy.
  5. It is Linda’s dog. _____ name is Spot.
  6. We are businessmen. ______  business is in Asia.
  7. You are new students. _______ classroom is near the gym.
  8. They are students. _______  school is in Tainan.

 

  1. D.  Contractions of am/is/are and not現在簡單式be否定的縮寫
  2. I am not a student.       I am not a student.
  3. You are not from Japan.  You aren’t from Japan.
  4. He is not at work.        He isn’t at work.
  5. She is not a doctor.      She isn’t a doctor.
  6. It is not on the table.    It isn’t on the table.
  7. We are not busy.         We aren’t busy.
  8. They are not tired.       They aren’t tired.

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L2 Unit 2 Your World                          Jessie Lin    P.3

 

D. Present Simple Be現在簡單式be的句型

現在簡單式常用來表事實,經常性動作,狀態等。現在簡單式有兩種句型,一種是一般動詞,一種是be動詞。這兩種動詞在造否定跟疑問句時用的助動詞不同,要特別注意。每個英文句子都要有一個主詞,一個動詞。所以當一個句子裡面有名詞,形容詞,介系詞片語,但是沒有其它動詞時,需要有一個be動詞,句子才完整。

中文可以說我很忙,但是英文的忙busy是一個形容詞,所以不可以說I busy.說I’m busy. 他們在家不可以說They at home. 要說They are at home.

每一個時態要記得有幾個重點,第一個要記的是什麼時候用這個時態。第二個要

記的是這個時態的句型,肯定句,否定句,Yes/No問句,WH問句的問法。

Be動詞的句型: 主詞 +  現在式b    +名詞/形容詞/介係詞片語

1.肯定句         S   +    be       +noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

I         am              an English teacher.

You        are             happy.

My father    is               at home.

2.否定句: 因為be本身可以當助動詞,所以否定句只要在be後面加not

否定句       S +    be+  not +   noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

I       am       not    a Japanese teacher.

You      are      not    sad.

My father    is       not    at work.

3. Yes/No 問句: 因為be本身可以當助動詞,所以問句只要把be放在主詞前

be +     S  +     noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

Am       I                   late?

Are      you                 a student?

Is      your mother         from Tainan?

4. WH問句:將WH疑問詞放在最前面再依序放be、主詞與其他部分

WH   +      BE +    S  +      noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

Who          am        I ?

How          are       you?

What          is        this?

When          is       Christmas?

Where         is       your best friend  from?

E2B L2 Unit 2 Your World                          Jessie Lin    P.4

  1. E.  Write sentences that are true for you. 根據事實寫出你的答案

EX: My father ____ tall.  My father is tall. / My father isn’t tall.

  1. I _________ from Taipei.
  2. My parents __________ rich.
  3. My father ___________ a teacher.
  4. My mother ____________ Taiwanese.
  5. I ____________ thirty years old.
  6. My brother ____________ in the army.
  7. My friends ________ at home.
  8. It ___________ very hot today.
  9. I ___________ busy.
  10. My classmates ___________ friendly.

F. Present Simple Be Questions 現在簡單式Be的練習問題

1. Where are you from?  I’m from Taipei.

Where’s your mother from?  She’s from Taichung.

Where are your parents from?   They are from Kenting.

2. What’s your teacher’s name?  Her name is Jessie.

What’s your best friend’s name?  His name is Chris.

3. What’s this in English?   It’s a correction tape. / They are scissors.

4. How are you? Pretty good. Thanks. How about you?

How is your father?   He is fine. Thank you.

How are your parents?  They are very well.

5. Where’s Toronto?   It’s in Canada.

Where’s Taipei 101?   It’s in Xinyi District, near Taipei City Hall.

6. When is your birthday?  It’s on July 25th.

When is Christmas?  It’s on December 25th.

7. Who is that? She’s my best friend, Lucy.

Who are they?  They are my coworkers.

Who is in the bathroom?  Mom is in the bathroom.

8. Are you outgoing?  Yes, I’m outgoing. / No, I’m shy.

Is your father tall?   Yes, he’s tall. / No, he’s short.

Is your room neat?   Yes, it is neat. / No, it’s messy.

Are your classmates interesting?  Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

  1. Are you a student?  Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.

Is your mother a housewife?  Yes, she is. / No, she’s not.

  1. Are you parents at home?  Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

Is your father from Kaohsiung?  Yes, he is. / No, he’s not.

答案

C. Subject Pronouns & Possessive Adjectives 主格代名詞與所有格形容詞

1. My   2. You   3. His   4. She   5. Its   6. Our   7. Your   8. Their

E. Write sentences that are true for you.

1. I am from Taipei. / I’m not from Taipei.

2. My parents are rich. / My parents aren’t rich.

3. My father is a teacher. / My father isn’t a teacher.

4. My mother is Taiwanese. / My mother isn’t Taiwanese.

5. I am thirty years old. / I am not thirty years old.

6. My brother is in the army. / My brother isn’t in the army.

7. My friends are at home. / My friends aren’t at home.

8. It is very hot today. / It isn’t very hot today.

9. I am busy. / I am not busy.

10. My classmates are friendly. / My classmates aren’t friendly.

 

 

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