中高寫作第七課 比較與對比 題目與答案

今天潔西去代課,代寫作課,有點緊張,也不是沒上過,也不是第一次上,但是呢有一陣子沒上課了,所以還是花了不少時間復習,整理跟準備,有一點點緊張,因為老實說東區的課不是很好代,怎麼說呢?因為可能學生要求比較高?還是比較率性?代過幾次課,有時候老師沒跟學生說,有時候學生上不習慣,上課上到一半,或是下課的時候就直接走人,毫不留情,所以老師要心臟很強才承受得住。先前就有代過課,下課的時候學生走掉一堆,啊!大受打擊。還好主管都很能體諒。

 

今天的寫作課,自己備完課覺得應該大致上還可以,大部分講課本然後補充一點練習部分,主要是上比較與對比的段落,然後還有轉折語,有一陣子沒講了,所以剛好再復習一下。其實每個老師上法不同,上完課才知道代的是一個非常資深而且很受歡迎的老師的課,還好上課前不知道,不然壓力更大,呵呵。雖然潔西也是老鳥。不過今天的課潔西是自己上的挺high的,因為同學也都還算配合,很認真的學生,中間下課離開的學生不多,還好,下課後同學說有點快,啊,我的步調通常很快,說話也快,不過希望同學都有收獲。然而潔西的課程跟往常一樣,還是上不完,補充練習的講義有兩頁的答案原本想說可以寫在黑板讓同學對,不過因為接下來有課只好心虛的跟學生說請學生google潔西家,上來找。(其實昨天才在跟同學說有些代課老師都會自我推薦,給學生課表時間拉學生上課,給完部落格馬上想到,冤枉啊,呵呵,潔西現在,恩,沒有課,呵呵,所以沒有拉課嫌疑,只是要給學生答案,呵呵)總之寫完雜記後放在最後面,有興趣的同學也可以看看做做練習。

 

晚上第一次上線上學習課程,剛開始也有點緊張有點壓力,看不到同學,非常的不同,肢體語言有限,只能盡量說慢一點說清楚一點,給多一點的例子。而且主管有交待,要把內容上完,所以呢有點趕,不過同學非常的認真用心,潔西也慢慢放鬆,上的還挺開心的,潔西上完今天的課,走去坐公車的時候腳有點要抽筋的樣子,太虛了,而且快說不出話來,不過呢非常的開心,上課是件開心的事,而且潔西發現自己自high功力好像越來越高了,呵呵,這樣也不錯,上課本來就是要開開心心才學的多學得快,希望同學沒被我嚇到。不過呢上完10點到11點的課,回到家就12點了。三更半夜,肚子餓吃個消夜,看個電視,啊,居然剛好看到在加拿大看得CSI紐約,我在加拿大一個月其實電視看的不多,CSI也只有看到這一集,真的很巧,剛剛電視轉開就看到這一集。

 

吃得飽飽的,來把題目跟答案寫一下,然後就該睡了,想練習的人可以先自己做一下喔。答案在後面

下面是從某本寫作還是文法書裡面摘要出來的,主要再說比較跟對比,在寫作或說話表達的時候都非常的有用,同學可以先看一下例子,再做題目。有些用法不是很清楚的人可以再看一下文法連接詞的講義的連接詞之轉折語,跟寫作第七課的 Comparison/Contrast Paragraphs 有問題在問我:)

 

P3

Comparative and contrastive structures

Using comparative structures  使用比較結構,比較是比相同的,所以這邊是一些比相同東西的用法。最前面是一些常用字,後面是例子跟用法。

and: The man and the woman are tall.

both: Both of the tables have broken legs.

both…and: Both my neighbor and I are selling our cars.

also: The stores are closing for the holiday. The bank is also closing.

too: Kathy is planning to go to the party, and I am, too.

neither…nor: Neither Joe nor Steve went to the meeting last night.

similar to: Their new computer is similar to the one my brother bought.

the same as: Is the restaurant where you had dinner the same as the place where I ate last month?

(just) as + adjective + as: His coat is just as warm as the more expensive one.

likewise: My parents were born in a small village. Likewise, my brothers and I also grew up in a small town.

similarly: There are many parks to visit in that city. Similarly, there are several parks in my hometown, too.

 

3. complete these sentences with phrases from above.  這個練習要填入上面適當的詞語,一題可能有幾個不同的答案都可以

a. The architecture of some modern government buildings is ______________ the type of construction used hundreds of years ago.

b. In recent years, new technology such as cellular telephones has made life more convenient. ______________, the Internet has made a wide variety of information available to everyone.

c. __________ the rivers __________ the lakes are clear and beautiful.

d. The capital city is just ___________ modern __________ the cities in many other countries.

 

P.4

Using contrastive structures   使用對比結構,下面的字是用在對比,比較不同點

These words and phrases are used for writing contrasts:

more/less + adjective/adverb + than: Eating out is usually more expensive than cooking at home.

adjective + er + than: My bedroom is bigger than my sister’s room.

but, while, though: I enjoy eating fruit for dessert, but/while/though my friend likes chocolate.

not the same as: This book isn’t the same as the one you bought.

not as … as: Some people feel that doing exercise isn’t as fun as watching TV.

different from: That style of shirt is different from the styles most people wear.

in contrast: The lake was swam in were very clean and beautiful. In contrast, the lakes in my country are polluted.

however: The new store sells its clothing at low prices. However, other stores have better quality clothing.

on the other hand: My boyfriend likes to play sports. On the other hand, I prefer to do yoga.

 

4. Complete these sentences with phrases from above.  這個練習要填入上面適當的詞語,一題可能有幾個不同的答案都可以

a. Some tourists enjoy taking part in a tour group, ___________ many other tourists prefer traveling on their own.

b. The two books are very __________ each other.

c. The cost of studying in a college or university in the United States is very high. ___________, in many other countries, the cost is much lower.

d. Changes in technology are occurring ______________ quickly _______________ in the past.

 

解答:(不要作弊,全部做完再看喔!假如錯很多的話,就全部劃掉,再重做一次吧!又,畫斜線/是表示兩個答案都可以)

3. complete these sentences with phrases from above.

a. The architecture of some modern government buildings is the same as/similar to the type of construction used hundreds of years ago.

b. In recent years, new technology such as cellular telephones has made life more convenient.  Likewise/Similarly, the Internet has made a wide variety of information available to everyone.

c. Both/Neither  the rivers and/nor  the lakes are clear and beautiful.

d. The capital city is just  as  modern  as  the cities in many other countries.

 

 

4. Complete these sentences with phrases from above.

a. Some tourists enjoy taking part in a tour group,  while/though/but  many other tourists prefer traveling on their own.

b. The two books are very  different from  each other.

c. The cost of studying in a college or university in the United States is very high.  On the other hand/In contrast/However,  in many other countries, the cost is much lower.

d. Changes in technology are occurring not as/more  quickly   as/than in the past.

 

方便同學下載,點入就可以看到文件,我睡覺去,大家晚安

題目跟解答的 Google 文件

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2 thoughts on “中高寫作第七課 比較與對比 題目與答案

  1. 匿名 說道:

    老師你很棒!上你的課能夠清楚了解課本內容,單字方面也有很多補充,而且老師另外補充的講義也很驚喜!如果老師有另外開課也記得跟大家說唷!

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