E4A L11 Unit 13 May I take your order

最後兩課了。這一課是餐廳點餐,內容跟E4B第二課跟第八課補充的內容有點雷同。也是有不同的部分,很多東西還挺好用的。最後有Google連結,因為格式還是一樣有亂掉了@_@

 

E4A L11 Unit 13 May I take your order?             Jess     P.1

jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

 

課程主題

口試,食物,餐廳點餐

句型重點  so, too, neither, either,

情態助動詞would, will

 

A. Warm-up Questions

1. How often do you eat out?  I eat out almost every day.

2. Which do you prefer: western food or Chinese food?

I like Chinese food better. / I like both. / I don’t like either.

3. Do you like eating at buffets?

Yes, I do. I like it because I get to try many different kinds of food.

No, I don’t. I tend to eat too much. I have to watch my weight.

4. What’s the best restaurant you’ve ever been?  Market Place is the best

restaurant I’ve ever been. The food is fresh, the servers are

friendly, and the price is reasonable.

5. What’s your favorite drink?  I like Bubble Tea.

 

B. too, so, either, neither

中文表達對肯定句的贊同與否定句的同樣不贊同都是用“也”,英文的用法卻有不同,同為肯定時用too, so, 兩者皆為否定時用either, neither

 

We can use so or too to agree with a positive statement.

表達對一個肯定句有相同的看法,贊同時可用下列句型。

S=subject 主詞  A= Auxiliary Verb 助動詞

Me too. = S + A, too. = So + A + S.

A: I love Taiwanese food.

B: Me too. / I do, too. / So do I.

A; I have eaten Mexican food.

B: Me too. / I have, too. / So have I.

 

We can use either or neither to disagree with a negative statement.

表達對一個否定句有同樣否定看法,不贊同時可用下列句型。

Me neither. = S+ A + not either. = Neither + A + S.

A: I’m not in the mood for Japanese food.

B: Me neither. / I’m not either. / Neither am I.

A: I can’t eat spicy food.

B: Me neither. / I can’t either. / Neither can I.

E4A Interchange 1 L11 Unit 13 May I take your order? Jess      P.2

C. 形容食物的形容詞 adjectives for food

1. healthy 健康的 2. unhealthy 不健康的 3. greasy 油膩的 4. bland 清淡的

5. rich 含大量奶油與蛋,易有飽足感的 6. sour 酸的 7. sweet甜的

8. bitter苦的 9. spicy 辣的 10. salty 鹹的11. delicious 美味的

12. vegetarian/vegan 素食的

 

B. Ordering a meal  點菜

用英文點菜其實不難,難的是菜單的菜名可能看不懂。菜單可能有套餐跟單點。套餐的菜單叫set menu,常常會是三道菜three course,四道菜,有個固定的價位。單點的菜單叫a la carte。有些餐廳會有酒單wine menu/wine list。

一般正式的西餐菜單會有

開胃菜appetizer/starter:onion soup, shrimp cocktail

主菜main dish/entrée:roast beef, steak, spaghetti

甜點dessert:ice cream, apple pie, cheese cake

飲料drink/beverage:soft drink, beer, coffee

主菜的附菜side dish:可能是蔬菜vegetable或米飯rice,也可能是不同方式做法的馬鈴薯:baked potato, mashed potato, French fires.

 

牛排的熟度:

very rare/ rare/ medium rare/ medium / medium well done/ well done

很生                           五分                       全熟

 

常見沙拉醬dressing

1. blue cheese dressing 藍起士醬 2. Caesar dressing 凱薩醬

3. French dressing 法國醬 4. Honey Dijon 蜂蜜芥末醬

5. Italian dressing 義大利醬 6.Thousand Island dressing 千島醬

7. oil and vinegar/ vinaigrette 油醋醬

 

一般服務生的問題多以would like的句型來問要不要什麼。如

What would you like? / What kind of dressing would you like?

How would you like your steak? / What would you like to drink?

Would you like anything else?

 

點菜時的句型可用I’d like … 或 I’ll have … ,或是Can I have …?

最好不要用 I want …。英文的want語氣比較強烈,有時會令人覺得不禮貌。

I’d like a steak.   I’ll have a cup of coffee.   Can I have a soup?

 

E4A Interchange 1 L11 Unit 13 May I take your order? Jess      P.3

E. In a restaurant      

1. order 點菜 2. take your time 慢慢來 3. would like 想要 4. steak 牛排

5. rare  生的(三分熟) 6. medium 半熟的(五分) 7. well-done 全熟的(十分)

8. anything else 還需要其他的嗎 9. napkin 餐巾紙 10 credit card 信用卡

11. spoon 湯匙 12. fork 叉子 13. knife 刀子 14. chopsticks  筷子

A: server   B: customer

B: A table for one, please.

A: Yes, sir.  This way, please.

A: Here’s the menu.

B: Thanks.

 

A: May I take your order?

B: I need a few more minutes.

A: OK. Take your time.

 

A: Are you ready to order?

B: Yes.  I’d like the steak, please.

A: Rare, medium or well-done?

B: Medium, please.

A: Would you like anything to drink?

B: I’ll have a large coke, please.

A: Anything else?

B: No, thanks.

 

B: Excuse me.

A: Yes.

B: Can you bring me a glass of water?

A: Sure.

B: And I need some napkins.

A: Just a minute.

 

B: Check, please.

A: It’s $2, 500.

B: Do you take credit cards?

A: Yes, we do.

 

A: Please sign here.  Thanks very much.

E4A L11 Unit 13 May I take your order?             Jess     P.4

  1. Take it easy! 別緊張

A: I don’t know if I will be able to win the race.

B: Take it easy! You can do it.

  1. Frankly speaking… 坦白說

A: Frankly speaking, I think the party was a failure.

B: You are right.

  1. On line 在線上

A: Tim is on line. He wants to talk to you.

B: OK.

  1.  You have the wrong number.你打錯了

A: You have the wrong number.

B: I am sorry.

  1.  Give….a call. 打電話給….

A: Give me a call when you get home.

B: OK.

  1. This is … speaking. 我是….

A: Who is speaking?

B: This is Sharon speaking.

  1. What number did you call? 你打幾號?

A: May I speak to Julian, please?

B: What number did you call? There is no Julian here.

  1. I’ll call you back later. 待會回電給你

A: I need to take out the trash now. I’ll call you back later.

B: Sure.

  1.  Can you handle it? 做得來吧?

A: Can you handle it?

B: No problem!

  1. Who was it? / Who called? 誰打來的電話?

A: Who was it?

B: Wrong number.

 

 

 

 

 

 

食物清單 Food List                                  Jessie  Lin    P.1

A. 水果清單 Fruit List                  jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

apple 蘋果, avocado 駱梨, banana 香蕉, bell apple/wax apple 蓮霧,

blackberry 黑莓, blackcurrant 黑加侖, blueberry 藍莓,

buddha fruit/custard apple 釋迦, cherry 櫻桃, coconut 椰子, cranberry 蔓越莓 durian 榴蓮, grape 葡萄, grapefruit 葡萄柚, guava 芭樂, honeydew 哈密瓜,

kiwi fruit 奇異果, kumquat 金佶 lemon 黃檸檬, lime, 綠檸檬 longan 龍眼,

lychee 荔枝, mango 芒果, melon 西瓜, olive 橄欖, orange 柳橙, papaya 木瓜, peach 桃子, pear 梨子, pineapple 鳳梨, plum 李子/梅子, pomegranate 石榴,

prune 李乾/梅乾, passion fruit 百香果, raspberry 覆盆子star fruit 楊桃, strawberry 草莓, sugar cane 甘蔗, tangerine 橘子, tomato 番茄, watermelon西瓜

B. 蔬菜清單 vegetable list

asparagus 蘆筍, bamboo shoot 竹筍, bean 豆子, bean sprouts 豆芽菜,

bitter melon 苦瓜, broccoli 青花菜, cabbage 包心菜, carrot 胡蘿蔔,

cauliflower 花椰菜, celery 芹菜, Chinese cabbage 大白菜, cucumber 小黃瓜,

chili 辣椒eggplant 茄子, garlic大蒜, ginger薑, green pepper青椒, bell pepper甜椒, greens 綠色蔬菜, leek 韭蔥, lettuce 生菜 lotus root 蓮藕, mushroom 香菇,

onion 洋蔥, parsley 香菜, pea 豌豆, peanut 花生, potato 馬鈴薯, pumpkin 南瓜, radish大頭菜/白蘿蔔, scallion/spring onion 青蔥, seaweed 海帶, spinach 菠菜, sweet potato/yam 地瓜, taro 芋頭 , tomato 番茄, water spinach 空心菜

C. 肉類  meat

beef 牛肉, pork 豬肉, mutton/lamb 羊肉, chicken 雞肉, duck 鴨肉, goose 鵝肉, turkey 火雞肉, fish 魚, anchovy 鯷魚, bass 鱸魚, carp 鯉魚, cod 鱈魚, eel 鰻魚, salmon 鮭魚, sardine 沙丁魚, trout 鱒魚, tuna 鮪魚, seafood 海產, shellfish 水生有殼類, abalone 鮑魚, crab 螃蟹, shrimp/prawn 蝦子, lobster 龍蝦, oyster 牡蠣, clam 蛤蜊, mussel 淡菜, cuttlefish 烏賊, squid 魷魚, octopus 章魚

D. 飲料drink/beverage

soda 汽水, coke 可樂, lemonade 檸檬水, milk 牛奶, milk shake 奶昔, juice果汁, water 水, mineral water 礦泉水, bottled water 瓶裝水 ,tap water 自來水

coffee 咖啡espresso 義式濃縮咖啡 cappuccino 卡布其諾 latte 拿鐵

macchiato瑪其朵, tea茶 oolong tea 烏龍茶 green tea 綠茶 black tea 紅茶 herbal tea 花草茶 bubble tea泡沫紅茶, pearl milk tea 珍珠奶茶alcohol酒精類飲料, beer 啤酒, cocktail 雞尾酒, red wine 紅酒 white wine 白酒 sparkling wine 氣泡酒champagne 香檳, sake 日本清酒, brandy 白蘭地, vodka 伏特加, whiskey 威士忌

E. 甜點  dessert

apple pie 蘋果派, banana split 香蕉船, chocolate cake 巧克力蛋糕,

cheese cake 起士蛋糕, donut 甜甜圈, pop corn 爆米花, pudding 布丁, tiramisu 提拉米酥, ice cream 冰淇淋//vanilla 香草 /chocolate 巧克力 /strawberry草莓

Taiwanese Cuisine  台灣常見小吃點心料理小整理       Jessie Lin     P.1

F. Taiwanese Breakfast 台式早餐:

soybean milk 豆漿, rice & peanut milk 米漿

Chinese omelet/egg cakes  蛋餅,  rice and vegetable roll  飯糰,

steamed bun  饅頭, steamed meat bun  包子, clay oven roll  燒餅

fried bread stick  油條, boiled dumplings  水餃, steamed dumplings  蒸餃

fried dumplings  鍋貼, turnip cake  蘿蔔糕, taro cake  芋頭糕,

spring onion pancake  蔥油餅, rice porridge/congee  稀飯

100-year egg  皮蛋, salted duck egg  鹹鴨蛋

 

G. Taiwanese Snacks  台灣小吃

oyster omelet  蚵仔煎, stinky tofu  臭豆腐, oyster thin noodles  蚵仔麵線

fried rice noodles  炒米粉,Taiwanese fried chicken  鹹酥雞,

braised food  滷味, chicken feet  雞爪, bean curd  豆干,

pig’s blood cake  豬血糕, coffin bread  棺材板, rice dumpling  粽子

Taiwanese crepe/spring roll  潤餅捲, grilled squid  烤魷魚

danzai noodles  擔仔麵, braised pork rice  滷肉飯,

fried rice with eggs  炒飯, rice with pork chop  排骨飯, lunch box  便當

wonton & noodles  餛飩麵 , beef noodles   牛肉麵, chill noodles  涼麵

plain noodles  陽春麵, pork thick soup  肉羹湯, squid thick soup 魷魚羹湯

miso soup  味噌湯, tomato on a stick  糖葫蘆, beef pie  牛肉餡餅

shao-mai  燒賣, Cantonese dim sum  港式小點, sun cake  太陽餅

nougats  牛軋糖, sticky rice cake  麻糬, pineapple cake 鳳梨酥

yolk puff  蛋黃酥, red bean cake  紅豆餅, spring roll  春捲

small sausage wrapped in big sausage  大腸包小腸, betel nut  檳榔

Taiwanese sweet sausage 香腸, spicy hot pot  麻辣鍋

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

時態複習

Present Simple

現在簡單式

S + V1 + (time expression)

I work from 9 to 5.

She works five days a week.

They are students.

habits, routines, facts

習慣,例行事項,事實

Present Continuous

現在進行式

S + Be + V-ing + (time expression)

I am working now.

She is working at the moment.

We are having a party this weekend.

Temporary action,action in progressive, future plans

暫時性的動作,正在進行的動作,未來計畫

Past Simple

過去簡單式

S + V2 + (time expression)

I worked yesterday.

She worked last weekend.

an event happened in the past

在過去發生的事件

Present Perfect

現在完成式

S + have + V3 + (time expression)

I have worked in Japan for ten years.

She has worked for IBM since 1999.

 

experience or action took place in the past but still relates to the present

發生在過去的經驗或行為,但仍與現在有關

填空

  1. I _______(walk) to work every day. It ________(take) 15 minutes.
  2. Tom usually _______(drive) to work. Today his car ______(be) broken, so he ______________(take) the bus.
  3. What ______ you ______(do) this weekend? Not much.
  4. I _______(be) sick yesterday. That’s why I __________ (not go) to work.

5. _______ you _______ (have) red wine? How ______ you ______(like) it?

 

翻譯

  1. 好久不見。最近過的如何?

 

  1. 我今年六月畢業了。

 

  1. 我姐姐下個月結婚。

 

  1. 我工作壓力很大。

 

 

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