E2A L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun 060512

E2A L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?                     Jess   P.1

                                   jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

 

課程主題

週末,休閒活動,假期

句型重點

過去簡單式

  1. A.  Warm-up Questions

Vocabulary:

1. stand in line 排隊 2. do laundry 洗衣服 3. travel to work 通勤

4. go to the meetings 開會 5. exercise 運動 6. work in the yard 整理庭院  7. clean the house 打掃家裡  8. open the mail 拆信  9. get up early 早起10. go shopping逛街 11. take pictures拍照 12. take out the garbage 倒垃圾

 

  1. Do you hate to stand in a line?

Yes, I hate to stand in a line. It’s really annoying.

No, I don’t’ mind standing in a line. It’s O.K.

No, I love to stand in a line. It’s a lot of fun.

  1. Do you hate to exercise?
  2. Do you hate to get up early?
  3. What else do you hate to do?

I hate to do laundry.

  1. What do you love to do?

I love to play mahjong. I play mahjong every weekend!

 

B. I didn’t study!

Listen and correct the mistakes.

Michael:  Hi, Jennifer. Do you have a good weekend?

Jennifer: Well, I have a busy weekend, and I feel a little tired today.

Michael:  Really? Why?

Jennifer: Well, on Saturday, I exercise in the morning. Then my roommate

and I clean, do laundry, and shop. And then I visit my parents.

Michael:  So what do you do on Sunday?

Jennifer:  I study for the test all day.

Michael:   Oh, no! Do we have a test today? I don’t study! I just watch

television all weekend.

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.2

C. Simple Past 過去簡單式                                        

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

 

一、過去簡單式的使用時機

英文用過去簡單式用來表達發生在過去的事件。

I went home late last night.

He worked all night and finally finished his homework in the morning.

過去簡單式也用來表達在過去重複進行的活動、習慣。

We lived in America for five years when I was a child.

My grandmother went to church every Sunday morning.

 

二、過去簡單式的句型

(一)過去簡單式一般動詞的句型為S + V2(V2指的是動詞的過去式)

肯定句     S    +     V2

I              ate a big dinner last night.

Tina          got married when she was 18.

 

否定與問句需要用did這個助動詞來幫忙。否定句在助動詞後面加not

否定句    s  S   +    did not    +   V1

They        didn’t         do their homework.

He          didn’t         sing at the KTV last weekend.

 

Yes/No questions Yes/No 問句 把助動詞did放在主詞前面造問句

Did   +   S    +  V1

Did       you       sleep well last night?

Did       Tom       have a good time?

 

WH questions  WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞

WH             did   +   S    +   V1

What time    did        you        get up this morning?

Where         did        Linda       go last weekend?

 

 

 

 

 

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.3

四、過去簡單式規則動詞過去式的拼字與發音變化的規則

動詞的變化有四種。

第一個是動詞原型V1,也就是在字典中查到的字典型如eat。用在現在簡單式,但是第三人稱單數的現在簡單式要加s,如eat, eats。

第二種是過去式動詞,在過去式時使用的第二態V2,動詞可分規則動詞與不規則動詞,規則動詞加ed,如cooked,不規則則需牢記,如ate。

第三態又叫過去分詞V3,用在完成式與被動。一樣分規則變化與不規則變化兩種。規則變化則加ed,與第二態過去式一樣,如cooked。不規則的第三態與過去式V2有時相同,有時不同,也需牢記,如eaten。

第四種是現在分詞,也就是動詞後面加ing,用在進行式。不規則動詞的變化與分詞都可以在字典中查到,需要牢記。

  1. 規則動詞的過去式拼字變化如下:
  2. 大多數的動詞在過去式時只要在字尾加ed。

work-worked, help-helped, call-called, wash-washed

  1. 動詞字尾已經有e時,只要加d即可。

live-lived, die-died, dance-danced, smile-smiled

  1. 動詞字尾為子音加y時,必須去y加ied。

study-studied, cry-cried, worry-worried, copy-copied.

  1. 動詞字尾為母音加y時,則只要加ed即可。

play-played, stay-stayed, enjoy-enjoyed, annoy-annoyed,

  1. 只有一個音節的動詞字尾發音為短母音加子音時,重複字尾再加ed。

shop-shopped, plan-planned, tap-tapped, hop-hopped

  1. 規則動詞的過去式發音的變化如下:
  2. 動詞字尾是無聲子音時,加ed後讀/ t /。無聲子音指的是除了/ t /之外的

/ k /, / f /, / s /, /ʃ /, / tʃ / 等。

cook-cooked, laugh-laughed, kiss-kissed, wash-washed, watch-watched

  1. 動詞字尾是有聲子音或母音時,加ed後讀/d/。有聲子音指的是除了/ d /之外的/ b /, / g /, / r /, / l /, / m /, / n /, / v / 等。

call-called, rain-rained, love-loved, play-played, try-tried

  1. 動詞字尾的發音是/ t /, / d /的發音時,加ed後讀/ɪd /。

want-wanted, need-needed, visit-visited, wait-waited

 

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /,

/ ɔɪ/, / aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.4

D. Regular Verbs 規則動詞

1. clean 打掃  2. cook 做菜  3. exercise 運動 4. invite 邀請 5. listen 聽

6. need 需要  7. relax 放鬆  8. shop 購物   9. study 用功  10. talk 說話

11. visit 拜訪  12. wait  等待 13. walk 走路  14. watch 看  15. work 工作

 

/t /

/d /

/ɪd /

     
     
     
     
     
     
     

 

Last weekend

Choose three things you did last weekend and three things you didn’t do last weekend. Talk to your partner about your weekend.

EX:

A: I cleaned my room last weekend. Did you clean your room?

B: Yes, I cleaned my room last weekend.

No, I didn’t clean my room last weekend.

 

A: I didn’t visit Longshan Temple last weekend. Did you visit Longshan

Temple?

B: Yes, I visited Longshan Temple.

No, I didn’t visit Longshan Temple.

 

Three things you did:

1.

2.

3.

 

Three things you didn’t do:

1.

2.

3.

 

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.5

E. Irregular Verbs 不規則動詞

1. buy 買  2. come 來  3. do 做   4. eat 吃  5. feel 感覺

 

6. get 拿  7. go 去   8. have 有  9. meet 碰面  10. read 讀

 

11. ride 騎 12. see 看  13. sit 坐 14. take 搭   15. wear 穿 16. drink喝

 

Change the verbs above into past tense then fill into the grids.

 

Bingo

 

 

 

 

     
 

 

 

 

     
 

 

 

 

     
 

 

 

 

     

 

Take turns to make sentences.

S   +  V2                         +  past  time expression

EX:  I     ate a sandwich for breakfast     this morning.

My mom  rode a scooter to work          yesterday.

 

Past time expression

this morning, this afternoon, this evening, tonight,

yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, yesterday evening, last night,

last week, last month, last year, last Wednesday, last April,

three days ago, two months ago, five years ago, in January, in 2005

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.6

原型V1 過去式V2 過去分詞V3 現在分詞V-ing
be

buy

come

do

drink

drive

eat

find

fly

forget

get

give

go

have

know

leave

lose

make

meet

quit

read

ride

run

see

sell

sing

sit

sleep

speak

spend

swim

take

think

wear

win

write

was/were

bought

came

did

drank

drove

ate

found

flew

forgot

got

gave

went

had

knew

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

rode

ran

saw

sold

sang

sat

slept

spoke

spent

swam

took

thought

wore

won

wrote

been

bought

come

done

drunk

driven

eaten

found

flown

forgotten

gotten

given

gone

had

known

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

ridden

run

seen

sold

sung

sat

slept

spoken

spent

swum

taken

thought

worn

won

written

being

buying

coming

doing

drinking

driving

eating

finding

flying

forgetting

getting

giving

going

having

knowing

leaving

losing

making

meeting

quitting

reading

riding

running

seeing

selling

singing

sitting

sleeping

speaking

spending

swimming

taking

thinking

wearing

winning

writing

E2A Interchange Intro L12 Unit 14 Did you have fun?             P.7

 

F. Yesterday

  1. What time did you get up? I got up at 7 a.m.
  2. What did you wear?  I wore a dress.
  3. What did you eat for breakfast?  I ate a sandwich and drank coffee.
  4. How did you get to work?  I took the MRT.
  5. Where did you have lunch?  I had lunch in my office.
  6. Did you drink coffee yesterday afternoon?  No, I drank milk tea.
  7. What did you do after work?  I went shopping with my coworkers.
  8. Did you read the newspaper?  No, I read news online.
  9. What time did you go to bed?  I went to bed at 12 a.m.
  10. How did you feel before you go to bed?  I felt tired.

 

 

 

F. Your last vacation

  1. Where did you go?   I went to Hawaii.
  2. Who did you go with?  I went with my husband. It was our honeymoon.
  3. How did you travel? I took a plane there, and then we rented a car.
  4. Where did you stay? I stayed in a guest house.
  5. How long did you stay there for? I stayed there for a week.
  6. How was the weather?   It was hot and sunny most of the time.
  7. What did you buy?  I bought some souvenirs.
  8. What did you eat?  I ate some local seafood.
  9. What did you drink?  I drank a lot of beer.
  10. Did you have a good time? Yes, I had a very good time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phonics 母音vowels:  / ɔr /, / ar /, / ɝ /, / ɚ /              Jessie  P.8

                                        jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

 

下面是一些常見的母音規則,第一個字是代表字,同學也可以自己找一個最容易讓你記住這個規則的字。第一排是常見的字,比較容易發音的字。第二排是比較不好念,或加上其他規則的字。多念幾次,遇到新單字時先試試看有沒有學過的規則,是否可以應用,不確定就多查字典J

 

 

or:or 或 / ɔr / for為了 horse 馬 fork 叉子 corn 玉米
pork 豬肉 born 出生 north 北邊 sport運動
ar: car 車 / ar / far 遠的 art 藝術 park 公園 bar 酒吧
large 大的 smart 聰明的 start 開始 charge 收費
ir: girl 女孩 / ɝ / bird 鳥 sir 先生 first 第一 dirty 髒的
shirt 襯衫 skirt 裙子 third 第三 thirsty口渴
ur: nurse護士 / ɝ / hurt 傷害 turn 轉 surf 衝浪 purse皮包
church教堂 curly捲的 purple紫色 Thursday星期四
er:teacher老師 / ɚ / dancer舞者 after之後 singer歌手 river河流
writer作家 computer電腦 member成員 employer雇主
or: doctor醫生 / ɚ / color顏色 actor演員 tailor裁縫師 visitor訪客
monitor螢幕 sensor感應器 counselor諮商師 tutor家教
a,e,i,o,u / ə / ago 之前 happen 發生 police 警察 station 車站
support 支持 about大概 festival節慶 lemon檸檬

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D. Regular Verbs 規則動詞

1. clean 打掃  2. cook 做菜  3. exercise 運動 4. invite 邀請 5. listen 聽

6. need 需要  7. relax 放鬆  8. shop 購物   9. study 用功  10. talk 說話

11. visit 拜訪  12. wait  等待 13. walk 走路  14. watch 看  15. work 工作

 

/t /

/d /

/ɪd /

cooked

cleaned

invited

relaxed

exercised

needed

shopped

listened

visited

talked

studied

waited

walked

watched

worked

 

 

E. Irregular Verbs 不規則動詞

1. buy 買  2. come 來  3. do 做   4. eat 吃  5. feel 感覺

bought, came, did, ate, felt

6. get 拿  7. go 去   8. have 有  9. meet 碰面  10. read 讀

got, went, had, met, read

11. ride 騎 12. see 看  13. sit 坐 14. take 搭   15. wear 穿 16. drink喝

rode, saw, sat, took, wore, drank

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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