E4A Interchange 1 L7 Unit 7 We had a great time

這一課還挺重要的,是非常常用的過去簡單式,稍微改了一下,潔西放入了Tactics for Listening裡面的聽力,另外加了一點Four Corners裡面的活動。加上課本多到絕對上不完,呵呵。這麼重要常用,講過去式,講休閒活動,講假期,的只有一課實在不夠,潔西又準備了跟山一樣多的東西,然後雖然很希望一節課有三個小時可以練習,不過一個半小時時間到了就會被踢出去了,呵呵。課堂上練習不夠的部分還是要靠同學自己多練習囉。加油加油!

 

E4A Interchange 1 L7 Unit 7 We had a great time!    Jess Lin     P.1

jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

休閒活動,假期

句型重點

過去簡單式be與一般動詞

 

  1. A.  Warm up questions
  2. How’s it going?

Fantastic! / Good. / Nothing special. / Terrible!

  1. What’s your typical day like?

Well, I get up at 7, and I eat breakfast at home. I leave for work at 7.30. I take the MRT to work. I start work at 8.30 and I finish at 5.30. I have an hour lunch break. I usually have lunch with my coworkers in the cafeteria. After work I go to the gym to work out for an hour. I always eat out. I am usually tired when I get home, so I just watch TV and surf the Internet before I go to bed.

  1. What’s your typical weekend like?

I like to sleep in on weekends. Sometimes I get up around noon; then I have brunch with my friends in a restaurant. After that, we go for a walk if the weather is nice. I often have a big dinner with my family cause we don’t spend much time together during the week.

 

  1. B.  Yesterday

some irregular verbs: do-did, have-had, go-went, get-got, eat-ate, drink-drank, buy-bought, ride-rode, drive-drove, sing-sang, spend-spent, forget-forgot, take-took, make-made,

 

1. What time did you get up yesterday?     I got up at 7.30.

2. What did you eat for breakfast?         I ate a sandwich.

3. How did you go to work?               I rode a motorcycle.

4. What time did you start work?         I started work at 9.00.

5. Where did you have lunch?             I had lunch in a noodle shop.

6. What did you drink?              I drank some coffee, tea, and water.

7. How much money did you spend?        I spent NT$1,000.

8. What time did you finish work?          I finished work at 6 P.M.

9. What did you do after work?

I went home, took a shower, watched TV, and then I surfed the Net.

10. What time did you go to bed?           I went to bed at 1 A.M.

11. Did you have a good day yesterday?     Yes, I had a great day.

E4A   L7 Unit 7 We had a great time!              Jess Lin     P.2

C. Memories  Four Corners 1 Lesson 10

Make five true sentences about your past activities with the phrases below. Your group asks three questions about each sentence for more information.

Yesterday      I drank …    I got up …         I did …

Last night      I ate …       I went to bed …   I slept …

Last weekend   I saw …      I had …           I drove …

Last month     I bought …   I read …          I made …

Last year       I went …     I met ….          I took ….

 

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

 

 

 

  1. D.  Find someone

Class Activity: Add two past activities to the chart. Then find classmates who did each thing. Write their names, and ask questions for more information.

 

Find someone who….                       Name     Extra information

  1. bought a cell phone last year
  2. got a hair cut last week
  3. saw a friend yesterday
  4. ate out last night
  5. watched a movie last weekend
  6. uploaded some pictures yesterday
  7. drank a cup of coffee today
  8. played online games on Facebook today

 

 

 

E4A   L7 Unit 7 We had a great time!              Jess Lin     P.4

E. Tactics for Listening Unit 14 Vacations    4. Let’s Listen

A: Is this you?

B: Yes, it is.

A: Wow! It looks really fun, but hard. How do you stay on them?

B: In the beginning, you don’t. You fall off all the time. But you learn pretty quickly. I had a wonderful time.

 

2.

A: What are you doing here?

B: My friends and I went camping. It was really great. But it got very cold at night. This is how we kept warm.

 

3.

A: What did you do?

B: Oh, I went sightseeing and visited all the museums.

A: Oh, the sounds interesting.

B: Actually, it was pretty boring. I hate museums.

 

4.

A: Oh, this must have been a wonderful vacation.

B: Yes, it was fantastic. The weather was perfect. And the water was so clear.

A: Wow. Look at you. You’re all red.

B: Yes, I got a terrible sunburn.

 

5.

A: What are you doing here?

B: Oh, I took a cooking course in Italy.

A: Terrific. So what can you make now?

B: Spaghetti and meatballs!

 

6.

A: Did you go all the way in this?

B: Yes, we did. It was really very comfortable to travel in. We slept in it, too.

 

E4A   L7 Unit 7 We had a great time!              Jess Lin     P.5

  1. Travel Experiences (P.112 Four Corners)

1. I’m here in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Yesterday, I went on a short elephant trip. There was a man on the elephant in front of me. His name was Alan Johnson. My name is Alan Johnson, too! I can’t believe we have the same name!

2. My sister and I are in Paris, France. It’s our first trip overseas. We _____ (go) to an outdoor café the other day, and Johnny Depp _________ (be) at the next table. How exciting! He _______ (be) nice to us, and I have a cool photo now.

3. I’m here with my parents at a hotel in Miami, Florida. We _______(come) to visit our relatives. We all ______ (go) to bed last night at about midnight. At 3:00 in the morning, we __________ (hear)  a fire alarm. We _______ (run) down to the street and ________ (be) fine.

 

F. Vacation

  1. Where did you go?        I went to Japan.
  2. When did you go there?   I went there last May.
  3. Who did you go with?     I went there by myself.
  4. How did you travel?       I took a plane there.  In Tokyo, I took the subway.
  5. How was the flight?      It was fast and comfortable.
  6. Where did you stay?      I stayed in a hostel.
  7. How was the hostel?      It was not big, but it’s very clean.
  8. How long did you stay there for?   I stayed in Tokyo for five days.
  9. How was the weather?   It was cold and rainy most of the time.
  10. What did you buy?      I bought some chocolate and souvenirs. 紀念品.
  11. Where did you visit?   I visited some museums, temples and shopping malls.
  12. What did you eat?      I ate some sushi and noodles.
  13. How was the food?      It was delicious.
  14. What did you drink?     I drank some beer, sake清酒, and cocktails 雞尾酒.
  15. What did you do in the evening?   I went to the pubs and clubs in the evening.
  16. How was the nightlife?  It was amazing. The clubs are interesting.
  17. How were the people?   They were very friendly and polite.
  18. What did you enjoy the most?

The streets were very clean and the air was fresh. I felt safe to walk around by myself.

  1. What didn’t you like?    Everything was so expensive! I was broke!

 

E4A Interchange 1 L7 Unit 7 We had a great time!      Jess Lin    P.6

F. Simple Past 過去簡單式                                        

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

 

一、過去簡單式的使用時機

英文用過去簡單式用來表達發生在過去的事件。

  1. We went on a school trip last week. It was a lot of fun.
  2. Jane saw the Avengers last night. She didn’t like it.

過去簡單式也用來表達在過去重複進行的活動、習慣。

  1. When I studied in Sydney, I cooked every day, but I almost never cook now.
  2. I went to church with my mother every Sunday when I was a kid.

 

二、過去簡單式的句型

(一)過去簡單式一般動詞的句型為S + V2(V2指的是動詞的過去式)

肯定句     S    +     V2

I              ate a big dinner last night.

Tina          got married when she was 18.

 

否定與問句需要用did這個助動詞來幫忙。否定句在助動詞後面加not

否定句      S   +    did not    +   V1

They        didn’t         do their homework.

He          didn’t         sing at the KTV last weekend.

 

Yes/No questions Yes/No 問句 把助動詞did放在主詞前面造問句

Did   +   S    +  V1

Did       you       sleep well last night?

Did       Tom       have a good time?

 

WH questions  WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞

WH             did   +   S    +   V1

What time    did        you        get up this morning?

Where         did        Linda       go last weekend?

當what跟who為主詞疑問詞時,不需要助動詞,動詞用過去式

What happened last night?

Who   ate   my chocolate?

 

E4A Interchange 1 L7 Unit 7 We had a great time!     Jess Lin     P.7
過去簡單式Simple Past                      

 

(二)、過去簡單式Be動詞的句型

主詞+過去式Be動詞   +名詞/形容詞/介係詞片語

S  + was/were       +noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

肯定句     S +    was/were +noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

I           was         a housewife.

You         were        happy earlier.

My father   was          at home this morning.

 

否定與問句用本身的be動詞來改否定與造問句。

否定句只要在Be動詞後面加not

否定句    S + was/were + not +  noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

I              was    not    a Japanese teacher.

You          were   not    sad.

My father   was    not    at work.

Yes/No questions Yes/No 問句 把Be動詞放在主詞前面造問句

Was/Were+  S  +          noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

Was                I                   loud?

Were            you                 in the office this afternoon?

Was          your mother         away last week?

 

WH questions WH問句則將WH疑問詞放在最前面再依序放Be動詞、主詞與其他部分

WH  word+ was/were      +     S   +     noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

Where              was                  I             born?

Where             were              you            last night?

How                 was           your day?

切記在過去簡單式中,一般動詞與Be動詞絕對不會同時出現。

 

三、過去簡單式的副詞如:this morning, last night, yesterday morning, five years ago, in 2005…等。

E4A Interchange 1 L7 Unit 7 We had a great time!     Jess Lin     P.8

過去簡單式   四、過去簡單式規則動詞過去式的拼字與發音變化的規則

動詞的變化有四種。

第一個是動詞原型V1,也就是在字典中查到的字典型如eat。用在現在簡單式,但是第三人稱單數的現在簡單式要加s,如eat, eats。

第二種是過去式動詞,在過去式時使用的第二態V2,動詞可分規則動詞與不規則動詞,規則動詞加ed,如cooked,不規則則需牢記,如ate。

第三態又叫過去分詞V3,用在完成式與被動。分規則變化與不規則變化兩種。規則變化則加ed,如cooked。不規則則須牢記,如eaten。

第四種是現在分詞,也就是動詞後面加ing,用在進行式。

  1. 規則動詞的過去式拼字變化如下:
  2. 大多數的動詞在過去式時只要在字尾加ed。

work-worked, help-helped, call-called, wash-washed

  1. 動詞字尾已經有e時,只要加d即可。

live-lived, die-died, dance-danced, smile-smiled

  1. 動詞字尾為子音加y時,必須去y加ied。

study-studied, cry-cried, worry-worried, copy-copied.

  1. 只有一個音節的動詞字尾發音為短母音加子音時,重複字尾再加ed。

shop-shopped, plan-planned, tap-tapped, hop-hopped

  1. 兩個音節以上且重音在最後一個音節的動詞,字尾發音為短母音加子音時,也需重複字尾加ed。

admit-admitted, prefer-preferred, omit-omitted, occur-occurred

  1. 規則動詞的過去式發音的變化如下:
  2. 動詞字尾是無聲子音時,加ed後讀/ t /。無聲子音指的是除了/ t /之外的

/ k /, / f /, / s /, / ʃ/, / tʃ/, /θ / 等。

cook-cooked, laugh-laughed, kiss-kissed, wash-washed, watch-watched

  1. 動詞字尾是有聲子音或母音時,加ed後讀/d/。有聲子音指的是除了/ d /之外的/ b /, / g /, / r /, / l /, / m /, / n /, / v / 等。

call-called, rain-rained, love-loved, play-played, try-tried

  1. 動詞字尾的發音是/ t /, / d /的發音時,加ed後讀/ɪd /。

want-wanted, need-needed, visit-visited, wait-waited

 

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

 

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /, / ɔɪ/,

/ aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

E4A Interchange 1 L7 Unit 7 We had a great time!     Jess Lin     P.9

原型V1 過去式V2 過去分詞V3 現在分詞V-ing
1. be

2. buy

3. come

4. do

5. drink

6. drive

7. eat

8. find

9. fly

10. forget

11. get

12. give

13. go

14. have

15. know

16. leave

17. lose

18. make

19. meet

20. quit

21. read

22. ride

23. run

24. see

25. sell

26. sing

27. sit

28. sleep

29. speak

30. spend

31. swim

32. take

33. think

34. wear

35. win

36. write

was/were

bought

came

did

drank

drove

ate

found

flew

forgot

got

gave

went

had

knew

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

rode

ran

saw

sold

sang

sat

slept

spoke

spent

swam

took

thought

wore

won

wrote

been

bought

come

done

drunk

driven

eaten

found

flown

forgotten

gotten

given

gone

had

known

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

ridden

run

seen

sold

sung

sat

slept

spoken

spent

swum

taken

thought

worn

won

written

being

buying

coming

doing

drinking

driving

eating

finding

flying

forgetting

getting

giving

going

having

knowing

leaving

losing

making

meeting

quitting

reading

riding

running

seeing

selling

singing

sitting

sleeping

speaking

spending

swimming

taking

thinking

wearing

winning

writing

E4A Interchange 1 L7 Unit 7 We had a great time!     Jess Lin    P.10

G. Useful Expressions

 

  1. Let’s get together next time. 下次再約出來聚聚

A: Wow! What a night!

B: Yeah! Let’s get together next time.

  1.  That’s easy for you to say.  你說的倒容易

A: Remember to keep up your hard work.

B: That’s easy for you to say.

  1.  Go ahead.  請便

A: Excuse me, I want to go to the bathroom.

B: Go ahead.

  1.  You’re out of your mind! 你瘋嘍!

A: Let’s jump down from here.

B: You’ve got to be out of your mind! (You’re out of your mind!)

  1.  You don’t have to tell me. 不用你告訴我(還用你說)

A: You don’t have to tell me. I know that already.

B: I am just trying to remind you.

  1.  Tell me about it. 我早就知道了。

A: Oh, no! I think we’re in trouble.

B: Tell me about it.

  1.  I can’t promise. 我不敢保證

A: I need you to finish this tonight.

B: I can’t promise.

  1.  I can’t complain / I have nothing to complain about

不錯呀!沒啥好抱怨的

A: Is everything OK here?

B: Everything is fine. I can’t complain.

  1.  In short 總而言之

A: So how was your trip to London?

B: It was great in short.

  1.  In any case 無論如何

A: We have to get these done in any case.

B: I don’t think that we can make it.

 

Free Time Activities   休閒活動                        Jessie Lin  

1 chat online 線上聊天  2 check email  收信  3 clean  打掃  4 cook  做菜

5 daydream  做白日夢  6 do exercise  做運動  7 do homework  寫功課

8 do housework  做家事 9 do nothing  什麼都不做  10 do puzzles  解字謎

11 download movies  下載電影  12draw  畫畫  13drink coffee  喝咖啡

14 drink tea  喝茶  15 get a haircut  剪頭髮  16 get a massage  做按摩

17 go cycling 騎腳踏車  18 go dancing  跳舞  19 go for a ride/drive  兜風

20 go for a stroll  閒晃  21 go for a walk  散步  22 go jogging  慢跑

23 go rollerblading 溜直排輪 24 go sightseeing 觀光 25 go swimming 游泳

26 go to a library 上圖書館 27 go to a mall 逛商場 28 go to a club  去跳舞

29 go window shopping  逛街只看不買30 hangout with friends  與朋友一起

31 listen to music  聽音樂  32 listen to the radio  聽廣播  33 paint  畫畫

33 play basketball  打棒球  34 play cards  玩牌 35 play mahjong  打麻將

36 play computer games  玩電腦遊戲  37 play online games  玩線上遊戲

38 play tennis打網球39 play with children跟小孩玩40 play with pets玩寵物

41 read a book  看書  42 read a comic看漫畫 43 read a magazine  看雜誌

44 read a newspaper 看報紙 45 relax 放鬆46 send text messages  寫簡訊

47 study English唸英文48 surf the Internet  上網  49 take a class  上課

50 take a course  上課程  51 take care of children  照顧小孩 52 take photos  拍照  53 text friends  寫簡訊給朋友  54 tidy 整理55 visit a museum  去博物館  56 visit a night market去夜市 57 visit a temple  去廟裡拜拜  58 visit an exhibit  去看展覽 59 visit family 拜訪家人,回家  60 visit friends  找朋友61 watch/rent a DVD  看/租光碟  62 watch a movie  看電影 63 watch a performance  看表演  64 have a party 辦派對 65 work out  運動66 go to the KTV 去KTV唱歌  67 go to the hot spring  去泡溫泉

69. play sports  做運動  70. eat out 上餐廳吃飯 72. have a barbeque 烤肉

 

 

 

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