E4A L2 Unit 2 How do you spend your day 042512

改到頭又有點痛起來了,有大改講義了,呵呵。休息一下,還有好多事要忙啊!這一課是講現在簡單式一般動詞,工作,時間介系詞。我把例子改少了。然後把聽力的部分放上來,有個小作業。有空的同學可以先預習:)

 

用Mac的Page寫,放到Google Docs格式大變,改半天,然後放到word又再變,我都要罵人了,啊!深呼吸深呼吸。改了一下。繼續備課去!

 

 

E4A L2 Unit 2 How do you spend your day?                      Jess   P.1
jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com
 

課程主題
工作,學校,時間
句型重點
現在簡單式一般動詞,時間介系詞

 

A. Warm-up Questions

  1. What time do you get up during the week? I get up at 6:50.
  2. What time do you get up on weekends? I usually sleep until noon.
  3. What time do you have breakfast?

            I often skip breakfast because I’m always in a hurry in the morning.

  1. What time do you leave for work?

            I leave for work at 8:00. I ride a scooter and it takes about 15 minutes.

  1. What time do you get home from work?  It depends. I get home around 6:30

             if I don’t have to work late.

  1. What time do you have dinner? I usually have dinner around 7:30.
  2. What time do you go to bed during the week?

           I try to go to bed before midnight.

  1. What time do you go to bed on weekends?

          I always stay up until 2:00 or 3:00 on weekends.

B. How do you like your job?

  1. Do you have a job?  Yes, I have a job. I’m an engineer.

           No, I don’t have a job. I’m a student. / I’m a housewife. / I’m retired.

  1. Where do you work?  I work in a computer company. / I work at IBM.
  2. What do you do exactly?

            I design some programs, talk to my customers, and go to a lot of meetings.

  1. How do you like your job?

            I like it very much. It’s very interesting. /challenging.
I don’t really like it. It’s very stressful.

  1. What are your coworkers like? Some are very nice. Others are really annoying.
  2. What time do you start work?  I start work at 9. / I work shifts.
  3. What time do you finish work?  I finish work at 6.30, but I often work late until 8 or 9.
  4. What do you do after work?  Not much. I usually just go home and relax. On

           Friday night, I go shopping and have dinner with my co-workers.

for students

  1. Where do you go to school?  I go to National Taiwan University.
  2. What’s your major?   I study music.
  3. What’s your favorite subject?  My favorite subject is English.
  4. How do you like your classes?  I like them a lot. They’re interesting.
  5. What are your classmates like?  They are great! We’re good friends.
  6. What do you do after school?   I chat online with friends, surf the Net, read books, listen to music, and play games on my cellphone.


E4A L2 Unit 2 How do you spend your day?                      Jess   P.2
C. Employment             from    face2face  Unit 3 The world of work   P.123
Match phrases 1-12 to definitions a-l

I’d like….

  1. a good salary                a. nice people to work with
  2. friendly colleagues       b. you know you’ll have the job for a long time
  3. my own office               c. a good manager
  4. a long holidays              d. an office only for you
  5. a good boss                   e. a lot of days off a year
  6. job security                  f. a lot of money for doing your job


I’d like a job with…

  1. flexible working hours          g. the chance to get a better job in the company
  2. opportunities for travel        h. you get paid when you’re ill
  3. opportunities for promotion  i. you get paid when you’re on holiday
  4. holiday pay                            j. you can choose when you start and finish work
  5. on-the-job training               k. the chance to travel as part of your job
  6. sick pay                                 l. the company you work for teaches you how to do

                                                     the job

Choose three things above that are important to you and three things that are not important to you.

Discuss with your partners and find out:

  1. Who has an interesting job?
  2. Who has a rewarding job?
  3. Who has a difficult job?
  4. Who has the best job?
  5. Who has the worst job?


D. Jobs
1. an office clerk 上班族    2. a secretary 秘書    3. an assistant 助理
4. an accountant 會計  5. a receptionist  接待員   6. an engineer 工程師
7. a customer service representative  客服人員    8. a consultant  顧問
9. a civil servant 公務員  10. a salesperson 銷售人員  11. a cashier 收銀員
12. a server 服務生  13. a chef  廚師 14. a flight attendant 空服人員
15. a tour guide 導遊 16. a travel agent 旅行社工作人員
17. a real estate agent  房屋仲介 18. a career soldier  職業軍人
19. a graphic designer  平面設計師   20. a graduate student  研究所學生

E4A L2 Unit 2 How do you spend your day?                      Jess   P.3
E. Present Simple 現在簡單式
英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變化以及
搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

一、現在簡單式的使用時機
1. 英文用現在簡單式用來表達重複進行的活動、習慣、嗜好。

I work from 9 to 5.

She rides a scooter when it’s not rainy. When it rains, she takes the MRT.

I play mahjong and go to a pub in my free time.

2. 現在簡單式也用來表達事實、真理。

Honesty is the best policy. 誠實為上策。

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 日出於東落於西。


二、現在簡單式的句型
(ㄧ)一般動詞的句型為S + V1 (V1指的是動詞的原形) (第三人稱單數動詞後要加s)

1.  肯定句      S  +         V1
I           cook dinner five days a week.
My mother    cooks diner for me.

2. 否定與問句需要有do或does這兩個助動詞來幫忙。在助動詞後面加not
否定句           S   +   do/does not    +   V1
They         do not              eat out very often.
He           does not           like Japanese food.

3. Yes/No 問句 把助動詞放在主詞前面造問句
Do/Does  +  S    +  V1
Do           you       live with your parents?
Does        Tom       speak English?

4. WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞,其他的部份
WH               do/does    +   S    +       V1
What time        do              you           finish work?
Where            does           Linda          go to school?
How                does        your father    like his job?
When               do        your parents    go on vacation?

當疑問詞what或who當主詞時,則不需要助動詞,而且動詞應用第三人稱單數。
What                              makes your happy?
Who                               cooks dinner for you?

三、現在簡單式的副詞如:every day, once a week, twice a month, always, usually, sometimes, often, hardly ever…等。

E4A L2 Unit 2 How do you spend your day?              Jess   P.4
E. Present Simple 現在簡單式
四、現在簡單式拼字與發音規則
英文在表達現在簡單式時,當主詞為第三人稱單數(任何可以用he、she、it代替的名詞)時,動詞後面要加s。加s的拼字與發音規則如下。

a. 拼字規則

  1. 大部分的動詞在字尾加s。

           alk-talks, learn-learns, read-reads, get-gets

  1. 當動詞字尾是sh, ch, ss, x, z時,則加es。

           wash-washes, watch-watches, kiss-kisses, fix-fixes, buzz-buzzes

  1. 當動詞字尾為子音加y時,需將y去掉,加ies。

           study-studies, cry-cries, fly-flies, try-tries

  1. 當動詞字尾為母音加y時,則只要加s,即可。

           say-says, play-plays, pray-prays, pay-pays

  1. 有幾個特別的變化需記住。

           have-has, do-does, go-goes

b. 發音規則

  1. 當動詞字尾是無聲子音如/f/, /k/, /p/, /t/, 時,加s後,應讀做/s/。

laugh-laughs, cook-cooks, stop-stops, meet-meets

     2.   當動詞字尾是有聲子音如/d/, /n/, /l/, /v/ 等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。

read-reads, learn, learns, sell, sells, live-lives, know-knows, see-sees

    3.   當動詞字尾為/s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/, / dʒ /時,加s後,應讀做/ɪz/時。要注意的是,發音時看的是
最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如dance就是這一類。

miss-misses, buzz-buzzes, wish-wishes, match-matches, judge-judges,


英文字母的母音(vowels)為a, e, i, o, u,其餘為子音(consonants)。
無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

 

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /, / ɔɪ/, / aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

1. save _______ 2. work ______ 3. notice ________ 4. try  _______

5. teach _______ 6. start ______ 7. buy ________ 8. fix  ________

9. have________  10. finish________

E4A L2 Unit 2 How do you spend your day?           Jess   P.5
F. 時間介係詞 Prepositions of Time

at a time of the day
時間點(幾點幾分)
I usually get up at 8 o’clock.
She starts work at 8.30.
at night/noon/midday/midnight Linda doesn’t like to work at night.
on a day  星期一至星期日前 I do yoga on Tuesdays.
weekend 週末 Tom goes hiking on weekends
a date or holiday 特定日期 My birthday is on July 25th.
in a part of the day
一天中的一部分
I take a nap in the afternoon.
Judy usually works in the evenings.
a month 月份 I’m leaving in December.
a season 季節 They often take a trip to Paris in fall.
a year  年份 I was born in 1971.
a century 世紀 Instant coffee was invented in the twentieth century.
X 在this, that, last, every, tomorrow 等與一些特定時間表達語前面不加任何介係詞 I am busy this weekend.
She goes dancing every Friday night.
I saw you last night.


  1. Do you sometimes watch TV ____ the morning?
  2. Do you take a nap ______ 12.30?
  3. What do you usually do _____ weekends?
  4. Do you go swimming ____ summer?
  5. What do you usually do ______ your birthday?
  6. Do you eat breakfast _____ Sunday morning?
  7. How many cups of coffee do you drink ____ every day?
  8. Do you stay up until midnight ____ weekdays?
  9. How do you feel ______ every Sunday night?
  10. Do you have a snack _____   10:00 ____ the evening?


G. 慣用語
11.Shame on you.                                         不要臉
12.Nonsense!                                                胡說八道!
13.No worries.                                             不用客氣。不用擔心。
14.Help yourself, please.                            請自己來吧!
15.Congratulations!                                      恭喜!
16.Today just isn’t my day.                        今天運氣不佳!
17.How kind of you!                                     你多麼好啊!
18.You may rely on me.                               你可以信賴我! (包在我身上)
19.It has nothing to do with me.               這不干我事!
20. Don’t be silly/stupid/foolish.                  別傻了!… 愚蠢的

E4A L2 Unit 2 How do you spend your day?           Jess   P.6
H. Listening  Let’s Listen   from Tactics for Listening Unit 6 Jobs  P.24
Task 1 Listen to people talking about their jobs. Do they like their jobs?

Yes     No
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Task 2 Listen again. What do the people like or dislike about their jobs?

like                  dislike
1. a. doing the same thing
b. the money
2. a. working with kids
b.the distance to school
3. a. the people
b. the travel
4. a. the hours
b. her boss
5. a. being on his feet
b.the tips

I. Daily Routine     English Firsthand Unit 3 When do you start?   P.35
Read about Erika’s schedule. Fill in the spaces. Use the words. There is one extra.

work, watch, go to bed, drive, takes, get up, work out, eat, is, get, read

I almost always _____________ at 6.45. Then I _________ breakfast and get ready for work till about 8.30. I ______________ to work. It _____________ about 20 minutes. I usually ___________ from 9:00 to 5:00, but I sometimes have to work overtime. My lunch break _________ from 12:00 to 1:00. Sometimes I eat in  the company cafeteria, and sometimes I go to a restaurant with coworkers. I often go to the health club to _______________ after work for an hour or so, and I usually get home around 6:30 or 7:00. Then I have dinner, work at my computer for a while, and __________ books. I hardly ever ______________ TV. I usually _________ at about 11:00 during the week, but not until 12:00 or 1:00 on weekends.

E4A L2 Unit 2 How do you spend your day?           Jess   P.7
H. Listening 4. Let’s Listen (Page 24)
1.
A: So how do you like your job, Bill?
B: Well, it was okay at first, but now, after two years, I don’t like it.
A: Oh, why’s that?
B: It’s boring. I do the same thing every day. I’m really sick of it.
A: So why don’t you change jobs?
B: I’m well-paid. I like the money!
A: Oh, I see. But you should leave if you ‘re not happy.
B: Yeah, maybe I should.

2.
A: Do you like teaching children, Christine?
B: Oh, yes! I love working with kids. They’re so much fun.
A: Well, I guess you have the perfect job!
B: Yeah, I like it a lot. There’s just one thing I don’t like.
A: What’s that?
B: The distance to school. It’s too far away. It takes me an hour to drive there every day.
A: Wow. That must be awful!
B: It is, but the school that are near me are not as good.

3.
A: How is your new job going, Anna?
B: Good, thanks. I really like it.
A: What do you like best about it?
B: I think it’s the people I work with. They are so nice.
A: People make all the difference in a job, don’t they?
B: They sure do. They only trouble is, I have to travel a lot. I’m away from home for about
two weeks every month.
A: Yeah, that can be difficult.
B: It is. I hope I won’t have to travel so much next year.

4.
A: Do you enjoy being a salesperson, Nancy?
B: Yes, I do like it. I get to meet so many people.
A: Is it hard work?
B: Yes, it can be. I don’t like the long hours. I’m always really tired when I get home at night.
A: That’s too bad. Why don’t you quit?
B: Because I think my boss is great to work for.

5.
A: How long have you been working in a restaurant, Martin?
B: For more than five years.
A: Wow. You must really enjoy it.
B: Oh no, I don’t enjoy it at all! It’s hard work and pretty tiring too. I’m on my feet all night.
A: Oh, I see.
B: But the tips are great. I really should find a better job soon, though.

 

廣告

留言必須留下名字郵件地址經審核後才會出現

在下方填入你的資料或按右方圖示以社群網站登入:

WordPress.com Logo

您的留言將使用 WordPress.com 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

Twitter picture

您的留言將使用 Twitter 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

Facebook照片

您的留言將使用 Facebook 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

Google+ photo

您的留言將使用 Google+ 帳號。 登出 / 變更 )

連結到 %s