自然發音法搭配常用五百字 Phonics A-Z (The Top 500 Spoken Words)

潔西最近用的教材Touchstone系列裡面有從語庫裡面整理出來的前五百個常用字,因為放部落格有點麻煩會是一整排,因為沒法分欄位。鑑於先前教自然發音法的時候,同學覺得在練習的時候想知道那些單字的意義,我也驚覺,啊,自然發音因為要教發音規則,所以難免會找一些不常用的字,似乎有點本末倒置,所以呢最近把這五百個字很努力地放到規則中,又從新編了講義,而且這次把KK音標也放進來了。其中因為有些字不夠用,所以呢劃線部分是不包含在五百字之內,可是呢也是常用字。記住就是每個字母,每個規則,找一個自己最熟悉的發音來記,然後呢大部分的時間都可以依此類推,但是呢有規則就有例外。發音不確定的就裡用網路上的字典發音來輔助。我真的覺得學好自然發音對記單字跟發音都有幫助喔!先這樣囉,忙碌的一天開始,上班去!

 

 

 

 

Phonics A-Z (The Top 500 Spoken Words)              Jessie   P.1

                                        jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

1. A-Z 自然發音法第一個請記住A-Z的常見發音,這裡有五個短母音a,e,i,o,u的發音要特別記住,另外j, qu, y是比較特別可能要另外記的!

 

a / æ / ask after happen matter
b / b / best bit business probably
c / k / class music actually course
d / d / dollar end mind different
e / ɛ / ever else myself percent
f / f / fun if before stuff
g / g / go big together program
h / h / home help half hundred
i / ɪ / it with until something
j / dʒ / job just enjoy object
k / k / kid thank kind thinking
l / l / love well almost basically
m / m / money more system company
n / n / number turn second American
o / a / mom top problem somebody
p / p / people paper group supposed
qu / kw / question quite quickly quiet
r / r / run rest remember married
s / s / sorry guess answer understand
t / t / time test parent interesting
u / ʌ / up fun couple husband
v / v / very have everything whatever
w / w / we want were wonderful
x / ks / six tax next exhibition
y / j / yes yet year young
z / z / zero zoo quiz size

 

Phonics A-Z (The Top 500 Spoken Words)              Jessie   P.2

2. C, G, Y:C跟G在e,i,y前面跟在a,o,u前面的發音不太一樣,但是會有例外。Y也是,這兒是大規則,也有不少例外。可是大部分在字的中間也都是發/ aɪ /或/ ɪ /

 

c + e / s / nice once since certain
c + i / s / city decide  
c + y / s / bicycle cycle recycle
g + e / dʒ / gel gentleman gadget generation
g + i / dʒ / gin gist ginger giant
g + y / dʒ / gym gypsy    
y / aɪ / my by guy type
y / ɪ / any pretty really exactly

 

3. Consonants:加上h後的子音發音會不同,這部分其實大家也很熟悉。所有其他的子音都放在這兒了!

 

sh / ʃ / she show gosh should
ch / tʃ / much child children change
th / θ / think month thought thousand
th / ð / these their without rather
wh / hw / what which while whether
su / ʒ / usually pleasure leisure
si / ʒ / television Asia
ph / f / phone elephant phonics graph
gh / f / laugh cough enough tough
ng / ŋ / morning young wrong something

Phonics A-Z (The Top 500 Spoken Words)              Jessie   P.3

 

4. Long Vowels:長母音,當a,e,i,o,u後面有其他的母音字母時,發音會拉長念原字母的音,比方說a-e會念a這個字母的音。

 

a-e / e / name case state place
ai / e / wait again fail paint
ay / e / day today anyway maybe
e-e / i / even eve believe college
ee / i / feel been between agree
ea / i / eat deal beautiful reason
ey / i / money monkey key honey
i-e / aɪ / like drive while outside
ie / aɪ / pie tie die lie
igh / aɪ / high right might night
o-e / o / home close anymore whole
oa / o / road coat toast goal
ow / o / know own yellow slow
u-e / ju / use cute puke huge
u-e / u / June rude rule flute
ue / ju / cue fuel value
ue / u / true blue clue Sue
ew / ju / few new news knew
ew / u / flew stew threw blew

 

 

Phonics A-Z (The Top 500 Spoken Words)              Jessie   P.4

 

5. Vowels:其他的母音在這兒

 

oo / ʊ / good book looks looking
oo / u / food room cool school
ou / aʊ / house hour found country
ow / aʊ / how now wow down
or / ɔr / for sort anymore important
ar / ar / car part start hard
ir / ɝ / girl first thirty thirsty
er / ɚ / water summer either another
or / ɚ / doctor actor tailor visitor
oi / ɔɪ / point coin join oil
oy / ɔɪ / boy enjoy toy joy
au / ɔ / cause because pause sauce
aw / ɔ / saw law yawn flaw
al / ɔ / call all small already
a / ə / ago gonna away husband
e / ə / happen percent problem student
i / ə / beautiful definitely
o / ə / today together person reason
u / ə / enough supposed beautiful

 

Phonics A-Z (The Top 500 Spoken Words)              Jessie   P.5

 

6. R-blends:兩個子音在一起時,會念1.5拍,也比較不好念,可以從自己熟悉的字開始練習,看到不會的字可以用已知的音來發會容易些

 

br / br / bring broken brain break
cr / kr / credit cry crash crowded
dr / dr / drive dry draw drop
fr / fr / from friend fruit fresh
gr / gr / great group green grab
pr / pr / practice press prize proof
tr / tr / try true treat trouble

 

 

7. L-blends:

 

bl / bl / blue blank blouse blush
cl / kl / class close click cloud
fl / fl / fly flower floor flash
gl / gl / glad globe global glance
pl / pl / play place plane planet
sl / sl / slow sleep slim slide

 

8. Other consonant clusters

 

tw / tw / two twelve twice twist
thr / thr / three through thrill throat
qu / kw / quick quit quarter quote

 

 

Phonics A-Z (The Top 500 Spoken Words)              Jessie   P.6

9. S-blends:兩個無聲子音在一起的時候,第二個無聲子音會轉音,會念成像有聲子音一樣,比方說sc, sk, st, sp,也是先用已知的字來帶新字!

 

sc / sk / school scan scooter score
sk / sk / sky skill skirt skin
sm / sm / small smart smoke smooth
sn / sn / snack snake snow sneaker
sp / sp / spend space spell spoon
st / st / start state still stuff
sw / sw / swim sweat sweater switch
scr / skr / screen scream scratch screw
squ / skw / square squid squirrel squeeze
str / str / street strong strike straight
spr / spr / spring spray spread sprinkle
spl / spl / split splendid splinter splash

10. Ending Consonant Clusters:字尾常見的組合,不太容易發,可以多練習。

ct / kt / fact exactly act pack
ft / ft / left lift soft shift
ld / ld / child old build field
lp / lp / help gulp yelp scalp
lt / lt / salt belt fault guilt
mp / mp / jump camp dump shrimp
nd / nd / end found mind second
nk / ŋk / think drink junk link
nt / nt / rent hint print paint
pt / pt / apt kept slept wept
rd / rd / card hard heard word
sk / sk / ask desk mask risk
sp / sp / crisp gasp wasp
st / st / must least first almost

 

Phonics A-Z (The Top 500 Spoken Words)              Jessie   P.7

 

11. Silent Letters:很多字母都是不發音

 

tch / tʃ / catch watch hatch
dg / dʒ / judge lodge change
wr / r / wrong write wrist wrinkle
kn / n / know knock knowledge knife
gn / n / gnaw design assign resign
mb / m / comb dumb climb tomb
ps / s / psychology psycho
lk / k / talk walk stalk
lm / m / calm
rh / r / rhino
dj / dʒ / adjust
wh / h / who whose whole
bt / t / debt doubt subtle
gh / g / ghost
h- /  / hour heir herb honor
is /  / island aisle debris
ould / ud / could would should

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