1 動詞 1.2.B 現在簡單式do/does與am/is/are助動詞用法與區別

2016/10/24 文字看不下的可以看或聽影片。先前影片做的時候身體狀況比較不好,又重新做了影片,希望這次講的有比較清楚,比較容易懂。習題可以自己先做過再對答案。第一次是現在簡單式什麼時候用 do does am is are 造問句,第二次影片是過去式什麼時候用 did was were 造問句。建議先看過第一支影片再看第二隻,因為第一支影片講得比較詳細。

 

 

 

2012/9/26 這是最近寫的現在簡單式,有更多的例子現在簡單式yesno問句與wh問句  也可以參考一下。

 

很多同學都弄不清處什麼時候用do/does,什麼時候用am/is/are,某一天好像還有個同學問我,我好像說我會把講義放上來,還是說過完年會發講義之類的話。總之呢,想到了,就放上來。其實真的不難,看都看的懂,說出來就亂七八糟了,呵呵。所以呢,首先要能夠理解,然後呢多練習,說得時候留心一下,應該就不會錯了。下面有二十五題可以練習,還有答案喔。趁今天頭不痛,還有精神,趕快趕一下進度,有問題可以再問我。又要備課去囉!大家加油,我也加油,TGIF! 我是要TGIS,因為星期六還要上課,呵呵。

 

助動詞DO/DOESAM/IS/ARE 造問句時的用法與區別Jess Lin   P.1

 

英文造問句與改否定的時候都需要一個助動詞,這個助動詞依主詞,表達的時態,表達的語態會有所不同。造問句的時候要把助動詞放到主詞前面,造否定把not放到助動詞後面。 要決定用do/does還是am/is/are造問句,首先要看句子本身有沒有一般動詞,如果有一般動詞就用do/does,沒有的話就用am/is/are。再來看人稱,再決定用的是do或does,是am, is, 還是are。

現在簡單式的句型可分兩種,句子裡有一般動詞的時候,用do/does造問句。句子裡沒有一般動詞,有am/is/are的時候,用am/is/are造問句。

一般動詞:主詞+動詞原型 (第三人稱單數加s)

S     +     V1

I/You/We/They work.      Where do you work?      Do your parents work?

He/She/It works.            Where does he work?    Does your mother work?

 

 

BE動詞 :主詞+現在式BE動詞 +名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

S + BE1 + noun/adjective/preposition phrase

I am a teacher.                      Where am I?                     Am I tall?

He/She/It is happy.               Why is he happy?              Is he handsome?

We/You/They are at home.    Where are the kids?           Are they at home?

 

現在進行式的句型因為本身就有BE動詞,所以就用BE動詞來造問句與改否定。

S  +  BE1 + V-ing

I am cooking.                          What am I doing?        Am I dreaming?

He/She/It is dancing.               How is he doing?          Is he sleeping?

We/You/They are  singing.      Why are they singing?   Are they crying?

 

過去式也是如此推斷,過去簡單式就用did或was/were造問句,過去進行式用was/were造問句。 。現在完成式用have/has,過去完成式用had。未來式用am/is/are或will。不同語態就用不同的助動詞如:would, could, can, may, …等。

 

 

用正確的助動詞am/is/are或do/does造問句

a. 可以先看句子裡面有沒有一般動詞,比方說第三句,有use這個一般動詞,再看主詞,主詞為you,所以用do造問句:Do you use a computer every day? 假如像第四句,有一般動詞smoke,主詞是第三人稱單數your brother,則用does造問句。Does your brother smoke?

b. 句子裡面假如沒有一般動詞,但是有形容詞lazy, hardworking,或者是名詞a noisy city等其他詞性,這時候,看主詞不同,用am, is are造問句。you的be動詞是are,所以第一句是Are you lazy or hardworking? 第二句主詞Taipei就相當於it,所以be動詞用is,問句為Is Taipei a noisy city?

c. 句子裡面假如有一般動詞,但是後面是加了ing的現在分詞,那麼表示是現在進行式,所以要用be動詞造問句。如第五句,有現在分詞living,這時候要用be動詞造問句,主詞是your father,所以相當於he,用is造問句。Is your father living abroad?

d. 假如不知道詞性的話,最好的方式是查字典,因為像tired累, busy忙,這種中文感覺像動詞的字在英文其實都是形容詞喔。

e. 最後切記切記,be動詞am/is/are本身就是動詞,所以不會跟一般動詞的原形同時出現,絕對不要把他們放在一起啊:)

 

  1. you / lazy or hardworking
  2. Taipei / a noisy city
  3. you / use the computer every day
  4. your brother / smoke
  5. your father/living abroad (住國外)
  6. your parents/ generous or stingy (大方或小氣)
  7. the weather/ terrible today
  8. you / sleep naked  (裸睡)
  9. your friends / smart
  10. your classmates / sitting now
  11. your mother / work in a bank
  12. your blood type / A  (血型)
  13. you / have a  pet
  14. your classmates / naughty    (淘氣)
  15. Jay Chou / a top model   (名模)
  16. your English teacher / helpful
  17. your shoes / new
  18. your best friend / married
  19. you / a careless person  (粗心大意的人)
  20. you / reading a good book at the moment
  21. your mother / cook dinner for you
  22. President Ma / busy
  23. you / over 18 years old
  24. English / easy or difficult for you
  25.  you / in a good mood today   (好心情)

 

 

Answer Keys

  1. Are you lazy or hardworking?
  2. Is Taipei a noisy city?
  3. Do you use the computer every day?
  4. Does your brother smoke?
  5. Is your father living abroad?
  6. Are your parents generous or stingy?
  7. Is the weather terrible today?
  8. Do you sleep naked?
  9. Are your friends smart?
  10. Are your classmates sitting now?
  11. Does your mother work in a bank?
  12. Is your blood type A?
  13. Do you have a pet?
  14. Are your classmates naughty?
  15. Is Jay Chou a top model?
  16. Is your English teacher helpful?
  17. Are your shoes new?
  18. Is your best friend married?
  19. Are you a careless person?
  20. Are you reading a good book at the moment?
  21. Does your mother cook dinner for you?
  22. Is President Ma busy?
  23. Are you over 18 years old?
  24. Is English easy or difficult for you?
  25. Are you in a good mood today?

 

過去式

 

Past Tense was/were/did

英文的句子一定要有主詞跟動詞。

過去式的句型如下

  1. 肯定句:有一般動詞時用動詞的過去式V2             I came to class late.

沒有一般動詞的句子,要有Be2 (was, were)   I was late for class.

  1. 疑問句:有一般動詞用did造問句,動詞改為原型。Did you come to class late?

沒有一般動詞時,則用Be2(was, were)造問句。 Were you late for class?

 

這是個練習的活動,要找到有做這件事的人可以用yes/no問題來問。所以把下面的句子都改成 yes/no 問題,有一般動詞就用 did 造問句,沒有一般動詞,句子就會有 was/were,就用 was/were 造問句。

比方說

Find someone who …

drank coffee this morning.

Did you drink coffee this morning?

 

were sick last week.

Were you sick last week?

 

 

Find someone who…

  1. took the MRT to school today.
  2. was tired when he/she got up this morning.
  3. was in class last time.
  4. worked overtime last week.
  5. chatted online last night.
  6. was good at math when he/she was a child.
  7. ate out last night.
  8. was born in Taipei.
  9. was worried last week.
  10. went to a wedding last month.
  11. posted pictures on Facebook last week.
  12. brought more than NT$1,000 with him/her.
  13. drank pearl milk tea last month.
  14. took a shower this morning.
  15. was at home yesterday morning.
  16. came to class late today.

 

答案:

  1. Did you take the MRT to school today?
  2. Were you tired when you got up this morning?
  3. Were you in class last time?
  4. Did you work overtime last week?
  5. Did you chat online last night?
  6. Were you good at math when you were a child?
  7. Did you eat out last night?
  8. Were you born in Taipei?
  9. Were you worried last week?
  10. Did you go to a wedding last month?
  11. Did you post pictures on Facebook last week?
  12. Did you bring more than NT$1,000 with you?
  13. Did you drink pearl milk tea last month?
  14. Did you take a shower this morning?
  15. Were you at home yesterday morning.
  16. Did you come to class late today?

 

 

54 thoughts on “1 動詞 1.2.B 現在簡單式do/does與am/is/are助動詞用法與區別

  1. 訪客 says:

    謝謝你解答了我的大疑問。
    這邊可以請教你兩個句子的問題嗎??
    1. Vegetarians don’t eat meat.
    2. An atheist does’t believe in God.

    句子 1. 的素食主義者們 是第三人稱 但是為什麼不是用 doesn’t 是用 don’t
    像 句子2. 的無神論者 就是用第三人稱??

    感謝。

  2. amin says:

    1. Are you lazy or hardworking? (不用do因為有ing的存在? 用are是因為you)

    2. Is Taipei a noisy city?(Taipei 是第三人稱? 那請問可以用does嗎? 還是因為在這裡noisy 解釋是吵雜的…)

    3. Do you use the computer every day?(use 沒有ing ,是原動,所以用do)

    4. Does your brother smoke?(用does 原因是第三人稱your brother smoke 是原動)

    5. Is your father living abroad?( be動詞用ing ,your father 第三人稱,does 可以使用嗎)

    6. Are your parents generous or stingy?(your parents 複數用are 那請問可以用do嗎 )

    7. Is the weather terrible today?(the weather 用is)

    8. Do you sleep naked?(用do是sleep是原動,那請問are可以用嗎 )

    9. Are your friends smart?(your friends 是複數)

    10. Are your classmates sitting now?(your classmates 是複數)

    11. Does your mother work in a bank?(work 是原動 your mother=she )

    12. Is your blood type A?(DO?)

    13. Do you have a pet?(ARE?)

    14. Are your classmates naughty?(classmates 複數)

    15. Is Jay Chou a top model?(jay 第三人稱單數)

    16. Is your English teacher helpful?(your english teacher 第三人稱單數)

    17. Are your shoes new?(shoes 複數)

    18. Is your best friend married?(your best friend 單數)

    19. Are you a careless person?(you?)

    20. Are you reading a good book at the moment?(you?)

    21. Does your mother cook dinner for you?(cook 原動,如果要用are cook要變成cooking?)

    22. Is President Ma busy?(president ma 第三人稱?)

    23. Are you over 18 years old?(you?)

    24. Is English easy or difficult for you?(english 單數…)

    25. Are you in a good mood today? (you)

    你好我是一個初學者,我有問題想請問您。 在您的答案後面那是我自己的解釋,

    我想請您幫我看看,我的問題點在哪裡? 如果能得到您的幫忙我會感激不進的。

    我對 BE動詞 和 do&does 的心得如下:

    do / does 不會遇上ing,要使用要搭配原動。
    is / am /are 用ing 。

    1. Stev H says:

      1.hardworking 是形容詞 adj, 主詞you用Be動詞are開頭沒錯
      2.noisy是形容詞, 主詞Taipei用Be動詞Is
      5.living abroad應該是形容詞,主詞your father用Be動詞Is
      6.generous or stingy是形容詞所以用Be動詞,不能用助動詞的原因是句子裡沒有動詞(參考解釋1 S+V)
      8.用Do表示詢問習慣:你有裸睡的習慣嗎?,用Are表示詢問是否正在進行要用Ving:你正在裸睡嗎?(羞)
      12.句子裡沒有動詞,所以要用Be動詞開頭,助動詞Do Does顧名思義是用來輔助動詞的,故要有動詞存在
      13.have是動詞,用Do詢問
      21.同問題8,Does表示習慣或常例,用Be動詞表示詢問是否正在進行,要用Ving
      22.Present Ma(馬總統)當然是第三人稱,句中的Busy是形容詞故用Be動詞Is

    1. jessie says:

      late 是形容詞喔。中文跟英文不能直翻,英文有不少單字在中文感覺是動詞但是其實是形容詞。不確定的時候就多查字典。要把句子說對寫對,把文法學好,詞性很重要喔:)

  3. Belle says:

    您好,我是國中一年級學生,我們課本有一句
    Were you home yesterday?(你昨天在家嗎?)
    請問一下,為什麼這句沒有用at呢?
    at home不是在家嗎?還是在什麼情況下可以省略呢?謝謝您

    1. jessie says:

      home 可以當副詞。當名詞的時候前面要at,at home 的 home 是名詞,大概是這樣。副詞前面就不能有介系詞 at ,意思有人是說回到家的時候說 I’m home. I’m at home. 是告訴別人你在家。我不是非常非常確定用法的差異。但是詞性是肯定的。

      1. Eder says:

        啊啊啊謝謝老師
        想請問以下例句用法

        1.At Christmas each boy and girl in the class is given a present.

        -這題為什麼class後面是用is,是因為後面given是形容詞..贈與的意思嗎?

        2.Either he or you have hidden my comic book.

        -這題you後面為何是用have呢..想不透

        3.A poet and novelist has visited our school

        -這題為何用has呢….

        1. jessie says:

          1. each 後面加單數動詞,given 是被動
          2. either … or 動詞跟接近的主詞
          3. 指的是同一個人

          可以多找一些主動詞一致的文章來看看,網路上有不少,解釋的很清楚

  4. 訪客 says:

    Thank you so much Jessie, that was very useful to me. 🙂
    (這樣寫對嗎?)
    其實常常無法舉一反三,只記得住類似的句法,感覺很難應用到其他句子上XD
    但真的很謝謝妳分享你的教學方法~我很認真作筆記唷!謝謝妳~

    1. jessie says:

      不客氣。兩個句子不能用逗號分開,是錯誤的文法。另外假如現在還是覺得有用的話用 It is useful 現在是而不太會用過去式喔。加油!學英文要有點耐心恆心跟毅力啊!

  5. Jet Wang says:

    謝謝老師,原本我對句子要加助動詞或Be動詞都不是很了解,不過您的那句
    “首先要看句子本身有沒有一般動詞,如果有一般動詞就用do/does,沒有的話就用am/is/are"
    一下就讓我恍然大悟了,再次感謝老師您不吝分享,謝謝。

  6. Alvan Jasper says:

    不好意思有個小問題(其實他一直困擾我是大問題)
    第一個例子–What do they talk about?和What are they talking about?兩個句子,所以依照你說的如果有一般動詞(talk)應該要加上助動詞(do–因為主詞是you),也就是說應該對的是要前面的句子,但是今天我寫的考題卻答案是後面正確
    第二個例子–題目上是要求我更改錯誤
    題目是: I hear you’ve got a new job. How do you get on?要求我改後面的問句,答案是 How are you getting on,疑問也是跟上面例一一樣,明明就有一般動詞(get)那為何不能用do?

    1. jessie says:

      你可能要先把時態沒有弄清楚喔。

      你的第一個例子的第一句是現在簡單式,第二句是現在進行式。我說的有一般動詞用 do 的是現在簡單式的句子。可是你的第二個句子是現在進行式,因為問你現在在說什麼,所以要用 What are you talking about?

      第二個例子是說你有了新工作,問工作如何?所以要用 How are you getting on? 現在簡單式是個習慣,事實,跟進行式表達的正在進行的,短期的活動是不一樣的。

      先把兩個時態弄清楚就會比較容易理解了。

  7. 訪客 says:

    不好意思
    因為之前一直不了解did和were用的方法
    看完你的文章覺得很有幫助 !!!!
    也理解了很多自己練習的句子錯在哪裡了:))
    唯有一句不太懂為什麼是用was 而不是用did
    句子是> When was this book published?
    為什麼published是動詞 卻不是用 When did this book published 呢??
    因為在家自學知不知道可以請教誰><謝謝

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