3 代名詞 3.1 人稱代名詞

Personal pronouns人稱代名詞  

主格代名詞 受格代名詞 所有格形容詞 所有格代名詞 反身代名詞
1 I me my mine myself
1s we us our ours ourselves
2 you you your yours yourself
2s you you your yours yourselves
3

 

 

he him his his himself
she her her hers herself
it it its its itself
3s they them their theirs themselves

 

代名詞顧名思義是用來代替前面說過的名詞。英文的代名詞有許多種。人稱代名詞可用來代表前面說過的人、事、物。

主格代名詞subject pronouns用來代替前面說過的主詞。主詞一般放在句首,在動詞的前面。

受格代名詞object pronouns用來代替已經說過的受詞。受詞一般放在動詞的後面。中文的I跟me都一樣是”我”,所以容易弄混淆。一個英文句子一定有主詞跟動詞,只要記住動詞前用主格代名詞,動詞後(有時是介係詞後)用受格代名詞就不會錯了。S+V+O

所有格形容詞possessive adjectives放在名詞前面,用來表達該名詞是屬於誰的。所以所有格形容詞後面一定會加名詞。

所有格代名詞possessive pronouns用來代替前面所說過的名詞,而這個名詞是屬於某人的。所有格代名詞本身已是名詞,所以後面不可以再接名詞。中文的my跟mine都一樣是”我的”,所以容易弄混淆。記得所有格形容詞後面一定要加明詞,而所有格代名詞後面一定不可以加名詞,應該就不會錯了。

 

  1. Hello. My name is Jessie Lin. What’s ________?
  2. This is Mary and ____ husband on _______ wedding day.
  3. I took these photos. Do you like _______?
  4. Look! The pandas are eating _____ food.
  5. Are these Linda’s keys? No, they’re not _______.
  6. Have you met Mr. and Mrs. Wang?  _________ are our new neighbors.
  7. Chris is a very good teacher. All the students love ______.
  8. France is famous for _____ wine.
  9. We’re having a party in _____ house.

10.  Tom is an old friend of ________.

 

Answer keys

1 yours 2. her, their  3. them  4. their  5. hers  6. They  7. him  8. its

9. our  10. mine

 

 

另外我們在下列情形行用所有格代名詞

1 when we say that something belongs to someone:

當我們說某物屬於某人時

That’s my car.

They showed us their holiday photographs.

 

2 when we talk about relationships:

當我們談到人際關係時

Sarah is my sister.

Have you met their father?

 

3 when we talk about a part of the body:

當我們談到身體的某個部位時

Ann broke her arm last week.

My head hurts.

 

4 when we talk about clothes:

當我們談到衣物時

Take your hands out of your pockets!

Have you seen my jeans? I can’t find them.

 

 


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