8.1.4 American Headway 1 E4B 會話課講義

E4B American Headway 1 L12 Unit 14 Have you ever?

E4B American Headway 1 L12 Unit 14 Have you
ever? Jess Lin      P.1

 

A.  Warm
up questions

1.     When do you usually go shopping?
/ When did you last go shopping?

I usually go shopping on weekend. I went
shopping last month.

2.    How do you go to work? / How did
you get here today?

I go to work by MRT. I got here by bus.

3.    What do you usually do on
weekend? / What did you do last weekend?

I get together with my family and friends
and have a big dinner.

I went to see a movie and had dinner in a
Thai Restaurant last weekend.

4.    Where do you eat dinner? / Where
did you eat dinner tonight?

I usually eat dinner at home. I ate dinner
at 7-11 tonight.

 

B.  現在簡單式、過去簡單式、現在完成式

比較這三個句子    I go to Japan on business every month.


I went to Japan last month.

     I have been to
Japan twice.

 

一、現在簡單式主要用來表達事實跟習慣。所以第一句我每個月去日本出差是一個習慣,要用簡單式,句型是 S + V1(動詞原型)

二、過去簡單式表示過去某個特定時間發生的事或動作,所以第二句我上個月去日本是過去發生的單一事件,用過去式,句型是 S + V2 (動詞過去式)

三、現在完成式可用來表達經驗,表示從過去到現在曾經(或未曾)做過某件事,強調的是經驗,而非動作發生的時間,所以第三句用的是現在完成式。句型為 S + have/has + V3 (動詞過去分詞)  

 

 A: Have you (ever) been to
Thailand.  B: Yes, I’ve been to
Thailand.

A: When did you go there?           B: I
went there last July.

A: What’s
it like?         B: It’s hot and humid but the food was great!

 

 

A: Have
you (ever) been to Thailand? 

B: No,
I haven’t been to Thailand. / No, I have never been to Thailand.

A:
Would you like to go there one day?

B: Yes,
I would. It’s an interesting place. I can do water activities, get a

   massage, and go shopping there.

  No, I wouldn’t. I heard it’s dirty and
dangerous. Besides, it’s too hot.

 

E4B American Headway 1 L12 Unit 14 Have you
ever?  Jess Lin     P.2

C.
already, yet, and just

現在完成式常與alreadyyet這兩個副詞連用。

already用於肯定句,放在have跟過去分詞之間,也可放句尾,表事件已經發生。yet用於否定句,放在句尾,或放在have not跟過去分詞之間,表事件尚未發生。yet用於問句,一般放句尾,表示想知道是否事件發生了。

just 用在過去式,表示剛做過某件事。

 

Have
you eaten lunch yet?

Yes,
I’ve already eaten lunch.  I just
ate lunch before I came here.

No, I
haven’t yet eaten lunch.  / I haven’t eaten lunch yet.

 

D. 現在完成式與過去簡單式的比較

1. 用現在完成式來表達生活中的經驗。 Have you ever been to Japan?

2. 用過去簡單式來說明某件事發生確切時間。I went to
Japan last year.

問經驗的時候會先用現在完成式來問,回答也用現在完成式。但是接下來的問題會用過去式來問,以得到其他更詳盡的資料,而回答時也用過去式。

 

Have you ever
been to France?          Yes, I’ve been to France.

When did you
go there?
I went there in 2005.

Who did you go
there with?
I went there with
my husband.

How long did
you stay there for?
I stayed there for two weeks.

 

E. Present Perfect Questions

1.     Have you eaten dinner/lunch/breakfast?
What did you eat?

Yes, I have eaten dinner. I had beef
noodles.

2.    Have you ever lost anything
important? What did you lose?

Yes, I’ve lost something important. I’ve
lost my wallet.

3.    Have you ever bought your mother
a gift? What did you buy?

Yes, I’ve bought my mother a gift. I bought
her a necklace.

4.    Have you ever won a lottery? How
much did you win?

No, I have never won a lottery. I won some
money from the receipts though.

5.    Have you ever had a pet? What
did you have?

Yes, I have had a pet. I had two dogs and a
fish when I was in elementary school.

6.    Have you ever rented a car or a
bike? Where did you rent it?

Yes, I’ve rented a car many times. I rented
it in Tamsui.

E4B American Headway 1 L12 Unit 14 Have you
ever?  Jess Lin     P.3

 

E. Present Perfect Questions

7.    Have you taken a trip to Green
Island? When did you go there?

Yes, I’ve taken a trip to Green Island. I
went there in 1998.

8.    Have you ever eaten Thai food?
How did you like it?

Yes, I’ve eaten Thai food. I love it.

9.    Have you ever seen a Japanese
movie? How did you like it?

Yes, I’ve seen many Japanese movies. I like
some of them, not all.

10.  Have you ever made someone cry?
What happened?

Yes, I’ve made someone cry. When I told my
ex-boyfriend I wanted to break up with him, he started to cry.

11.   Have you ever done a stranger a
favor? What did you do?

Yes, I’ve done a stranger a favor. I told
him the directions.

12.  Have you ever had red wine? How
did you like it?

Yes, I’ve had red wine, white wine, and
sparkling wine. I don’t really like red wine. I like sparkling wine better.

13.  Have you bought anything at 7-11
today? What did you buy?

Yes, I’ve bought something at 7-11 today. I
bought a drink and a sandwich.

14.  Have you seen a movie this month?
What did you see?

No, I haven’t seen a movie this month. I
have been very busy.

15.  Have you ever been to a wedding?
Whose wedding was it?

Yes, I’ve been to many weddings. I went to
my friends’, coworkers’, and relatives’ weddings.

16.  How long have you had your
current hair style?

I’ve had this hair style for more than one
year.

17.  How long have you lived in
Taipei?

I’ve lived in Taipei since I was born.

18.  How long have you studied in
this school?

I’ve studied in this school for 6 months.

19.  How long have you known your
best friend?

I’ve known my best friend since college.

20. How have you felt this week?

I’ve felt down because I don’t like rainy
days.

 

 

 

E4B American Headway 1 L12 Unit 14 Have you
ever?  Jess Lin     P.4

現在完成式  Present Perfect

一、未來式的使用時機

1.     英文用現在完成式用來表達過去曾經發生(或未發生)在不確定時間的事件。重要的是經驗或該事件與現在的關係,時間並不重要。多與ever, never, already, yet,
still, just
等副詞連用。

I have moved to a new apartment.

She has never seen snow.

2.    現在完成式也用來表達過去重複的活動,實際發生的時間並不重要。

常與次數(times), since, so far…等副詞連用。

I have met many nice people since I came to
Taiwan.

He has been to Japan three times.

3.    現在完成式也用來表達一件在過去開始一直持續到現在的事件。

常與sincefor連用。

I have taught English for ten years.

Jack has lived in New York since he was
five.

 

二、現在完成式的句型為主詞+have/has

肯定句句型為S

have/has + V3 (V3
指的是動詞的第三態,過去分詞)

肯定句
   have/has + V3


I
have     seen
the movie.


My mother
has
been to Canada.

否定與問句需要有havehas這兩個助動詞來幫忙。否定句在助動詞後面加not

否定句
S  
   have/has not    +
V3


They       have
not
seen the movie.


He         has not
been to Canada.

Yes/No 問句把助動詞have/has放在主詞前面造問句


Have/Has 
   S
  V


Have        you       seen the
movie?


Has         Tom       been to
Canada?

WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞

 WH       have/has       S
   V3

 Where      have          you
been?

 How long    has          May
studied English?

 

三、現在簡單式的副詞如:never, ever, already, yet, so
far, lately, this week…
等。

 

E4B American Headway 1 L12 Unit 14 Have you
ever?  Jess Lin     P.5

常見不規則動詞

原型V1 過去式V2 過去分詞V3 現在分詞V-ing
1.be

2.buy

3.come

4.do

5.drink

6.drive

7.eat

8.find

9.fly

10.forget

11.get

12.give

13.go

14.have

15.know

16.leave

17.lose

18.make

19.meet

20.read

21.ride

22.run

23.see

24.sell

25.sing

26.sit

27.sleep

28.speak

29.spend

30.swim

31.take

32.think

33.wear

34.win

35.write

was/were

bought

came

did

drank

drove

ate

found

flew

forgot

got

gave

went

had

knew

left

lost

made

met

read

rode

ran

saw

sold

sang

sat

slept

spoke

spent

swam

took

thought

wore

won

wrote

been

bought

come

done

drunk

driven

eaten

found

flown

forgotten

gotten

given

gone

had

known

left

lost

made

met

read

ridden

run

seen

sold

sung

sat

slept

spoken

spent

swum

taken

thought

worn

won

written

being

buying

coming

doing

drinking

driving

eating

finding

flying

forgetting

getting

giving

going

having

knowing

leaving

losing

making

meeting

reading

riding

running

seeing

selling

singing

sitting

sleeping

speaking

spending

swimming

taking

thinking

wearing

winning

writing

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